3 Events that lead to the War The French and Indian War (1754) created debt for the English.The British wanted colonists to pay their share.So they began to enforce taxes that they had never enforced before. (Salutary Neglect)The colonists won’t be taxed unless represented in parliament.The British sent troops.
4 Proclamation of 1763Prevented the colonists from getting lands in the west, won from the French.The British wanted no problems with the natives.The British sent troops to enforce it.The colonists ignored it.
5 Events that led to organization and resistance… The Stamp ActThe Townsend ActsThe Boston MassacreThe Boston Tea PartyThe Intolerable Acts**Lexington and Concord***
7 The Townshend Acts A direct tax Taxed imported goods What Was it?What Happened as a result?A direct taxTaxed imported goods3 penny tax on tea (The most popular drink in the colonies)People protested “taxation without representation”Leaders organized a boycottWomen’s groups became involved. “Spinning Bees”Troops were stationed in the colonies to enforce them.
8 Boston Massacre Colonists taunted British Guards What Was it?What Happened as a result?Colonists taunted British GuardsGuards fired, killing 5.The King wanted to bring colonists to England for a trial. (Why?)Colonists formed COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE.(COMMUNICATION NETWORK)
9 Boston Tea PartyWhat Was it?What Happened as a result?Colonists dumped 18,000 pounds of tea in Boston Harbor.Passed the Intolerable ActsDeclared Martial Law
10 The Intolerable ActsWhat Was it?What Happened as a result?Quartering Act: let the British house soldiers in private homes.Placed Boston under Martial (Military) LawClosed Boston HarborAssembled the First Continental CongressCreated a statement of colonial RightsThey Said: Colonists should use force if the British Do!!!Minutemen: Stockpiled Arms
11 Lexington and Concord What Was it? What Happened as a result?British troops went to Lexington and Concord to get weapons and arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams.70 Minutemen met 700 British troopsThe colonists chased the British back to Boston
12 Then…The Olive Branch Petition- Members of the Second Continental Congress urged the King to restore harmony between England and the Colonies.The king rejected it and sent a naval blockade.
13 Common Sense by Thomas Paine A pamphlet arguing for American independence.Convinced many Americans to support creating their own republic.
14 The Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas Jefferson in Philadelphia.Borrowed ideas from John Locke.“life, liberty and property” became…“life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.”
15 Key Ideas in the D. of I.Governments get their power from consent of the governed.People may abolish governments that threaten their “inalienable rights”.All men are created equal.