Presentation on theme: "The War for Independence Chapter 4. Events that lead to the War The French and Indian War (1754) created debt for the English. The British wanted colonists."— Presentation transcript:
The War for Independence Chapter 4
Events that lead to the War The French and Indian War (1754) created debt for the English. The British wanted colonists to pay their share. So they began to enforce taxes that they had never enforced before. (Salutary Neglect) The colonists wont be taxed unless represented in parliament. The British sent troops.
Proclamation of 1763 Prevented the colonists from getting lands in the west, won from the French. The British wanted no problems with the natives. The British sent troops to enforce it. The colonists ignored it.
Events that led to organization and resistance… The Stamp Act The Townsend Acts The Boston Massacre The Boston Tea Party The Intolerable Acts **Lexington and Concord***
STAMP ACT What Was it?What Happened as a result?
The Townshend Acts What Was it?What Happened as a result? A direct tax Taxed imported goods 3 penny tax on tea (The most popular drink in the colonies) People protested taxation without representation Leaders organized a boycott Womens groups became involved. Spinning Bees Troops were stationed in the colonies to enforce them.
Boston Massacre What Was it?What Happened as a result? Colonists taunted British Guards Guards fired, killing 5. The King wanted to bring colonists to England for a trial. (Why?) Colonists formed COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE. (COMMUNICATION NETWORK)
Boston Tea Party What Was it?What Happened as a result? Colonists dumped 18,000 pounds of tea in Boston Harbor. Passed the Intolerable Acts Declared Martial Law
The Intolerable Acts What Was it?What Happened as a result? Quartering Act: let the British house soldiers in private homes. Placed Boston under Martial (Military) Law Closed Boston Harbor Assembled the First Continental Congress Created a statement of colonial Rights They Said: Colonists should use force if the British Do!!! Minutemen: Stockpiled Arms
Lexington and Concord What Was it? What Happened as a result? British troops went to Lexington and Concord to get weapons and arrest John Hancock and Samuel Adams. 70 Minutemen met 700 British troops The colonists chased the British back to Boston
Then… The Olive Branch Petition- Members of the Second Continental Congress urged the King to restore harmony between England and the Colonies. The king rejected it and sent a naval blockade.
Common Sense by Thomas Paine A pamphlet arguing for American independence. Convinced many Americans to support creating their own republic.
The Declaration of Independence Written by Thomas Jefferson in Philadelphia. Borrowed ideas from John Locke. life, liberty and property became… life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.
Key Ideas in the D. of I. Governments get their power from consent of the governed. People may abolish governments that threaten their inalienable rights. All men are created equal.
Colonists choose sides Patriots Loyalists
Chapter 4 Section 3- Battles
Winning the War Friedrich von Steuben Marquis de Lafayette
Fighting the War The battles moved to the South. Why? (The movie The Patriot) featuring-george-washington The Americans win at Yorktown. Washingtons sword. The Treaty of Paris ends the War but…
Egalitarianism A belief in the equality of all people. (More of a tendency than a reality.)