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9.1 *How Did Industrialization Impact The American Economy? Interdependent Regional Markets Households Consumer Capitalism Technology Improved –Transportation.

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Presentation on theme: "9.1 *How Did Industrialization Impact The American Economy? Interdependent Regional Markets Households Consumer Capitalism Technology Improved –Transportation."— Presentation transcript:

1 9.1 *How Did Industrialization Impact The American Economy? Interdependent Regional Markets Households Consumer Capitalism Technology Improved –Transportation –Communication –Production { Invest – Own Risk Profit

2 *Manifest Destiny: ID Trails Santa Fe - trade Utah - Mormons Oregon -By 1846 >10,000 Americans in Oregon Territory -54 40 or fight -49 th parallel Map p283

3 9.2 *ID Americas Manifest Destiny & its Motives Physical expansion to our natural borders Geography / God / Destiny (Chauvinism) An Empire of Liberty Economic Development Land for a growing nation National Security, Nationalism Opportunity (Panic of 1837) Expansion of slavery

4 *Describe N. American Relations Black Hawk War - NA resistance east of the Miss. R ends Treaty of Fort Laramie 1851 Plains Indians - Apache, Cheyenne, Sioux, Lakota - middle ground - Make a Treaty; Break a Treaty

5 9.3 *Describe Texas as a Province of Mexico Spanish Mission System Collapsed after the Mex. Rev (1820) --the Presidio Mexican Independence and the Monroe Doctrine Pop: N.A.s, Mexican, Mestizo, Americans – (Tejanos) Far away from Mexico, Closer to US 1820s: Empresarios (Moses Austin) - Land Agents bought and sold land in Texas - Agreement when you buy: become Mexican citizens - obey Mexican laws, pay taxes become catholic

6 - recruit Americans- old 300 - Stephen Austin - by early 1830s – 30K Americans in Texas - GTT resentment towards Americans in Texas grows: - Texans importing slavery into Texas, not complying with agreement, cultural differences, Mexico refuses US offers to buy Texas.

7 *Describe the Texan Rebellion 1835-36 Santa Annas (1830) policies toward Texas: cancelled land grants, cancelled constitution, jails S Austin,sent an army to San Antonio in response to Texan protests. Alamo1835, - Goliad,1836 Sam Houston - Houstons strategy - San Jacinto - 9/36 Treaty of Velasco established the Republic of Texas (1836 - 1844) –the Lone Star Republic 1838 requested Annexation Tyler / Congress annex Texas 1844 12/45 – a state (Polk)

8 9.4 * Mexican War 1845-1848: Causes Polk : Texas Annexation and Statehood 1844-45 Rio Grande / Nueces Border Dispute Slidell $$$ offer -- rejected Presence of American troops at the border War Hawks - Nationalism and Manifest Destiny - Slavery expansionists

9 *ID Military Efforts: too much to defend Winfield Scott - central Mexico - Vera Cruz - Mexico City Stephen Kearny - SW US /northern Mexico - southern Calif. Zachary Taylor - northern Mexico - Monterrey - Buena Vista John Fremont - California

10 Californias Story Mexican territory until 1846 Rebellion led by americans with US military support - Kearney and Fremont - Republic of California –Sonoma- Bear Flag Republic Gold discovered 1848 ---the 49ers - San Francisco Sept. 1849 applied for statehood – (1850) By 1850 population had grown to 85,000

11 *ID Results – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) Rio Grande is the border Mexican Cession --parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona, N Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming. US $15 Million to Mexico Mexico accepted US claims to Texas, California 1853: Gadsen purchase (10mil)

12 10.1 *ID the various developing opinions in America about the extension of Slavery into the Mexican Cession Sectionalism, Slavery + The Mexican Cession: Failure of the Wilmot Proviso (1846) Popular Sovereignty Free Soilers (1848) – (anti-expansionists) Missouri Compromise (1820)? Abolitionism Growing slave resistance in the south

13 *ID Sectional Issues that led to the Clays Compromise of 1850 California statehood Texas land dispute Washington DC New Mexico/Utah territories Natl Fugitive Slave Law -state laws

14 *Describe the Terms of the Compromise of 1850 CALHOUN WEBSTER DOUGLAS CLAYCLAY Pg. 308

15 *Growth of Anti-Slavery feelings & Abolitionism Personal Liberty Laws in northern states Underground Railroad Uncle Toms Cabin (1852) - Harriett Beecher Stowe Fredrick Douglass - Narrative of the Life (1845)

16 *Describe the Kansas – Nebraska Act of 1854 Stephen Douglas motives: * his Presidential hopes - promotes Popular Sovereignty solution ( Slavery Northern Climate ) * his personal motives - Land / RR development from Chicago into the territories

17 K-N Act -1854 Kansas – Nebraska Territory organized Popular Sovereignty Principle used to determine the slavery issue in each territory Based on Popular Sovereignty; in effect, repealing the Missouri Compromise 36/30 Line Resulted in Bleeding Kansas

18 What was Bleeding Kansas sponsored migration into Kansas by both sides mini civil war by vigilantes in Kansas territory to drive the other side out Bleeding Kansas -Lecompton (pro-slavery) -Topeka, Lawrence (free ) John Brown

19 10.3 *Creation of the Republican Party Anti-Expansionists and Abolitionists from both Democratic and Whig - Free Soilers Presidential Election Trends - N / S - 1848, 1852, 1856 - 1860 p 320- Chart W

20 Northern Whigs Northern Democrats Free Soilers Southern Whigs Southern Democrats Taylor (W)/Fillmore Pierce (D)Buchanan (D) Lincoln (R)

21 Presidents 24-JQ Adams Natl Rep. 28/36- AJ Dem 36-Van Buren Dem 40-Harrison /Tyler Whig 44-Polk Dem 48-Taylor/Fillmore Whig 52-Pierce Dem 56-Buchanan Dem 60-Lincoln Rep.

22 10.4 *ID the Importance of: Dred Scott Case -1857 - slaves are property, not citizens; no standing in court - Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional - Roger Taney / CJ of SC –the 5 th amendment Lecompton Constitution - it allowed for slaves in Kansas territory to be kept - it was rejected by the majority Free settlers in Kansas by vote - but then, supported by Pres. Buchanan Pg. 332 Taney

23 *Describe the Importance of the Lincoln – Douglas Debates Illinois / 7 Lincoln -National Legislation to undo the Immoral System - for US Senate seat 1858 - after the Dred Scott decision Douglas - Popular Sovereignty concept cancels the Dred Scott ruling * there can be no slavery if the states dont support it with their laws - The Freeport Doctrine

24 b/c of the debates: Lincoln becomes nationally known as an anti-slave candidate Douglas loses southern support for his attempt at the presidency in 1860

25 1860 Election Secession Nov 1860 March 1861 Buchanan Lincoln SC secedes 12/60 Miss 1/61 FL Ala GA 2/61 LA TEX Confederacy formed : 2 /61 VA 4/61 ARK, TENN, NC 5/61 ** Define : Border States

26 *ID Events of 1850-1860 Uncle Toms Cabin Bleeding Kansas Charles Sumner Dred Scott Case Lecompton Constitution L / D debates John Brown 1860 Election Southern Secession Buchanans inaction

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