1. Economy – industrial v. agrarian 2. Political – Republicans & Lincoln 3. Social – different cultural influences 4. All men are free v. Constitutional.
Presentation on theme: "1. Economy – industrial v. agrarian 2. Political – Republicans & Lincoln 3. Social – different cultural influences 4. All men are free v. Constitutional."— Presentation transcript:
1. Economy – industrial v. agrarian 2. Political – Republicans & Lincoln 3. Social – different cultural influences 4. All men are free v. Constitutional right to property
What about the EXPANSION of slavery? Should new lands from Mexico be allowed to have slavery? Wilmot Proviso NO SLAVERY!!!W.P. served to further divide North and South Free-Soil Party adopted W.P. idea for 1848 election Republicans also favored this idea 5. Expansion of slavery (Can you say labor intensive?)
1848 election Dem. – Lewis Cass Whigs – Zachary Taylor Free-Soil – Martin Van Buren Popular sovereignty No stand on slavery Anti - Slavery
Compromise of 1850 California admitted as a free state Popular sovereignty (NM and UT terr.) Abolished slave trade in Wash., DC Fugitive Slave Act How did North and South react?
North vs. South runaway slaves Fugitive Slave Law all good citizens required to aid in catching runaways runaway could not speak in court if white claimed ownership, that was evidence enough Personal Liberty Laws many northern states banned use of state officials to catch runaways guaranteed blacks jury trial and someone to speak for them
Uncle Toms Cabin (1852) South goes on the offensive! Cannibals All! –Look at the northern factory workers!!! What was the Southern view of the novel? What was impact on the Northern view of slavery?
The Kansas Problem Proslavery vs. Antislavery: –Emigrant Aid Societies sent 12,000 –Proslavery people voted illegally –2 capitals set up Topeka: antislavery Lecompton: proslavery Bleeding Kansas –John Brown
In his antislavery speech, Sumner identified two Democratic Senators as the principal culprits in this crime -- Stephen Douglas of Illinois and Andrew Butler of South Carolina. He characterized Douglas to his face as a "noise-some, squat, and nameless animal... not a proper model for an American senator." Sumner charged Butler with taking "a mistress... who, though ugly to others, is always lovely to him; though polluted in the sight of the world, is chaste in his sight -- I mean," added Sumner, "the harlot, Slavery."
Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854 Senator Stephen Douglas (IL) wanted to be President –Needed southern support Main parts of K-N Act: –Repealed 36-30 line of Mo. Compromise –Popular sovereignty to decide Kansas problem: –ballots or bullets??? –2 capitals –Bleeding Kansas 1856
DS was taken from Mo. To Wi. (free terr.) DS sued for his freedom U.S. Supreme Court: –Dominated by Southerners –Chief Justice Taney (South Carolina) 1. DS cannot sue – not a citizen 2. Residence in Wisconsin does not grant freedom –Still property 3. Mo. Compromise unconstitutional Reactions of North and South???
Lincoln-Douglas debates (1858) U.S. Senate seat 7 debates Popular sovereignty?? What was the Freeport Doctrine??
Confederacys Issues Seccessio n Slavery cheap labor viewed as property King Cotton Controlled economy Chief product for export Abraham Lincoln South hated Lincoln Was an abolitionist
Union Issues Politics Abolitionists Organized Underground Railroad Thought south was greedy Republican Safe with money Wanted to stay unified Elected Abraham Lincoln
1. Dred Scott 2. Henry Clay 3. Lewis Cass 4. Harriet Beecher Stowe 5. John Brown 6. John C. Fremont 7. Frederick Douglass 8. James Buchanan 9. Charles Sumner 10. William Lloyd Garrison 11. Jefferson Davis 12. Stephen A. Douglas There are 12 identifications. Please follow the directions stated. Total possible: 24 pts.