Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Westward Expansion Section 3 War with Mexico."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 12 Westward Expansion Section 3 War with Mexico
New Mexico Territory New Mexico area between Texas and California Territories. Included- New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Wyoming and Colorado New Mexico – Part of Mexico –Mostly governed themselves.
Santa Fe Trail Founded by William Becknell Left the Missouri River –Crossed the Arkansas river, followed the Rocky Mountains before heading south into New Mexico.
Californias Spanish Culture Spanish Explorers and Missionaries 1 st Europeans to settle in California – 21 missions- 20, 000 Native American 1833 Mexican government abolished missions Mexicans Settlers built ranchos. Ranchero- ranch owners
California 1840s President James K. Polk twice tried to buy California and New Mexico from the Mexican government. California was provided access to the Pacific.
War with Mexico President Polk plots to provoke war with Mexico. Rio Grande (US) vs. Nueces River (Mexico) Polk Orders General Zachary Taylor – build a fort between rivers. April 24 th Mexico attacks. May 11, 1846 U.S. declares War
Attitudes Toward War Democrats- Support War (Polk) Whigs- Did not ( Abraham Lincoln) Northerners- Did not (Henry David Thoreau) Southerners- Supported War (Zachary Taylor) African Americans- Did Not (Fredrick Douglas)
Polks Plan Three Part- –Drive Mexican Troops past the Rio Grande River Completed By Zachary Taylor 1847 –U.S. seize New Mexico and California Completed by Stephen Kearny 1846 –Americans would capture Mexico City Completed by Winfield Scott 1847
California June 1846 –Bear Flag Republic- Flag with Bear and a star on white background January 1847 –California controlled by U.S.
Mexico City March 1847 – Winfield Scott Captured Veracruz- 3 weeks Marched 300 miles to Mexico City –Mexican Army –Armed Citizens August 1847 Mexico government surrender
Peace Treaty Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo –February 1848 –Mexico gave up Rio Grande, Mexican Cession – ceded (gave) California and New Mexico –U.S. paid $15 million –1853 $10 Million Gadsden Purchase –Present day Arizona and New Mexico