Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Westward Expansion"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 12 Westward Expansion Section 3 War with Mexico
2New Mexico TerritoryNew Mexico area between Texas and California Territories.Included- New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Wyoming and ColoradoNew Mexico – Part of MexicoMostly governed themselves.
3Santa Fe Trail Founded by William Becknell Left the Missouri River Crossed the Arkansas river, followed the Rocky Mountains before heading south into New Mexico.
4California’s Spanish Culture Spanish Explorer’s and Missionaries 1st Europeans to settle in California.1820 – 21 missions- 20, 000 Native American1833 Mexican government abolished missionsMexicans Settlers built ranchos.Ranchero- ranch owners
5California1840’s President James K. Polk twice tried to buy California and New Mexico from the Mexican government.California was provided access to the Pacific.
6War with Mexico President Polk plots to provoke war with Mexico. Rio Grande (US) vs. Nueces River (Mexico)Polk Orders General Zachary Taylor – build a fort between rivers.April 24th Mexico attacks.May 11, 1846 U.S. declares War
7Attitudes Toward War Democrats- Support War (Polk) Whigs- Did not ( Abraham Lincoln)Northerners- Did not (Henry David Thoreau)Southerners- Supported War (Zachary Taylor)African Americans- Did Not (Fredrick Douglas)
8Polk’s Plan Three Part- Drive Mexican Troops past the Rio Grande River Completed By Zachary Taylor 1847U.S. seize New Mexico and CaliforniaCompleted by Stephen Kearny 1846Americans would capture Mexico CityCompleted by Winfield Scott 1847
9California June 1846 January 1847 Bear Flag Republic- Flag with Bear and a star on white backgroundJanuary 1847California controlled by U.S.
10Mexico City March 1847 – Winfield Scott Captured Veracruz- 3 weeks Marched 300 miles to Mexico CityMexican ArmyArmed CitizensAugust 1847 Mexico government surrender
11Peace Treaty Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo February 1848 Mexico gave up Rio Grande, Mexican Cession – ceded (gave) California and New MexicoU.S. paid $15 million1853$10 Million Gadsden PurchasePresent day Arizona and New Mexico