Presentation on theme: "Chapter 12 Westward Expansion"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 12 Westward Expansion Section 3 War with Mexico
2 New Mexico TerritoryNew Mexico area between Texas and California Territories.Included- New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah and parts of Wyoming and ColoradoNew Mexico – Part of MexicoMostly governed themselves.
3 Santa Fe Trail Founded by William Becknell Left the Missouri River Crossed the Arkansas river, followed the Rocky Mountains before heading south into New Mexico.
4 California’s Spanish Culture Spanish Explorer’s and Missionaries 1st Europeans to settle in California.1820 – 21 missions- 20, 000 Native American1833 Mexican government abolished missionsMexicans Settlers built ranchos.Ranchero- ranch owners
5 California1840’s President James K. Polk twice tried to buy California and New Mexico from the Mexican government.California was provided access to the Pacific.
6 War with Mexico President Polk plots to provoke war with Mexico. Rio Grande (US) vs. Nueces River (Mexico)Polk Orders General Zachary Taylor – build a fort between rivers.April 24th Mexico attacks.May 11, 1846 U.S. declares War
7 Attitudes Toward War Democrats- Support War (Polk) Whigs- Did not ( Abraham Lincoln)Northerners- Did not (Henry David Thoreau)Southerners- Supported War (Zachary Taylor)African Americans- Did Not (Fredrick Douglas)
8 Polk’s Plan Three Part- Drive Mexican Troops past the Rio Grande River Completed By Zachary Taylor 1847U.S. seize New Mexico and CaliforniaCompleted by Stephen Kearny 1846Americans would capture Mexico CityCompleted by Winfield Scott 1847
9 California June 1846 January 1847 Bear Flag Republic- Flag with Bear and a star on white backgroundJanuary 1847California controlled by U.S.
10 Mexico City March 1847 – Winfield Scott Captured Veracruz- 3 weeks Marched 300 miles to Mexico CityMexican ArmyArmed CitizensAugust 1847 Mexico government surrender
11 Peace Treaty Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo February 1848 Mexico gave up Rio Grande, Mexican Cession – ceded (gave) California and New MexicoU.S. paid $15 million1853$10 Million Gadsden PurchasePresent day Arizona and New Mexico