Objective SWBAT explain how the war ended and what were the lasting implications of the WWI.
Ending the War Autumn 1918 – Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire make peace with the Allies October 1918 – Austria-Hungary breaks up as Poles, Hungarians, Czechs, and Slovaks declare their independence
Ending the War German Commanders beg for peace – Last week of October: 1918: Germans navy ordered to attack British Navy German sailors mutiny on October 29 th – Revolt spreads to other ports, factories and industrial cities
Ending the War November 10 th, 1918 – Kaiser Wilhelm flees to Holland November 11 1918 – Germans surrender to the French in a railroad car at 5:00 am in the Compiègne Forest
Disabled by…The Flu??? Last months of the war was clouded by an epidemic that killed more people worldwide then the wartime battles – Traced back to a military camp in Kansas- Carried over by U.S. troops in Spring 1918 Disabled 500,000 German troops at the peak of the 1918 Summer offensive
Disabled by…The Flu??? First cases followed by stronger second and third cases in the Fall and Winter – Flu spread rapidly in unsanitary, crowded military conditions In San Francisco, people were required to wear surgical masks in public Philadelphia: Schools and Churches closed after flu spreads due to parade
Disabled by…The Flu??? Among American soldiers in Europe – 16,000 cases in the first week of October Death Rate: 32%
Results of the War 50,000 Americans die in battle – Many more die from disease – Mainly the Flu Toll would have been greater had it not been for the volunteer nurses 8 million Europeans die in war (estimate) – 5,000 soldiers a day – Sick and wounded outnumber the dead