Presentation on theme: "The End of World War I A look at how the war to end all wars ended."— Presentation transcript:
The End of World War I A look at how the war to end all wars ended.
Objective ✦ By the end of the lesson, SWBAT describe how World War I ended. ✦ By the end of the lesson, SWBAT analyze how the conditions in Europe and the United States differed after World War I.
Review ✦ Where did World War I mainly take place? ✦ What were the two sides of World War I?
Vocabulary ✦ Armistice - An agreement to stop fighting. ✦ Isolationism - The act of staying out of world events and only paying attention to your own country.
1917 ✦ When the United States joined the war in 1917, Europe was already devastated by the 3 years of bloody fighting. ✦ Soldiers were exhausted, tired, and the land was destroyed by the total war.
U.S. Entering the War ✦ When the U.S. entered the war with a fresh supply of weapons, food, and most importantly soldiers, it did not take long for the Allied Powers to win the war.
U.S. Entering the War ✦ Why do you think it did not take long for the Allied Powers to win World War I after the United States entered the war?
U.S. in World War I ✦ When the U.S. entered World War I, they brought: ✦ more and fresh soldiers to fight ✦ more supplies ✦ more weapons
Central Powers Surrender ✦ Shortly after the U.S. entered the war, the Central Powers realized that they could not win the war so they signed an armistice. ✦ An armistice is an agreement to stop fighting. ✦ The war ended on November 11, 1918 ✦ This day is now called Armistice Day.
Europe after the War ✦ Many parts of Europe were destroyed because of the war. ✦ Many of the buildings and homes were destroyed. ✦ Millions of people had died. ✦ The economy had come to a stand still. No one was buying or selling things.
Central Power Death Toll ✦ Germany - 2,500,000 Dead ✦ Austria Hungary - 1,567,000 Dead ✦ Ottoman Empire - 5,000,000 Dead
Allied Power Deaths ✦ Russia - 3,331,000 Dead ✦ Great Britain - 987,000 Dead ✦ France - 1,797,000 Dead ✦ United States - 117,000 Dead
Question ✦ How does the huge death toll affect Europe?
Europe after the War ✦ Europe was not doing well: ✦ Cities were destroyed ✦ The young population decreased a lot because of all the people that died in the war. ✦ Countries’ economies were destroyed
What to do? ✦ In January of 1919, leaders of the Allied countries met in France to write a treaty to decide what to do with Europe; especially the countries that were part of the Central Powers. They met in Versailles, France ✦ President Woodrow Wilson, was one of the leaders who met in Versailles.
Treaty of Versailles ✦ The Allied Powers decided to blame the entire war on the Germany and the Central Powers. ✦ Therefore, the Treaty of Versailles: ✦ Took land away from Germany and gave it to France... ✦ Made Germany pay money to the Allied Powers... ✦ Took away all of Germany’s colonies in Africa.
Treaty of Versailles ✦ Do you think it is a good idea or a bad idea to punish Germany like the Treaty of Versailles did?
U.S. Policy ✦ Many Americans saw how devastating World War I was, and did not want America to get involved in events that were going on around the world. ✦ Many politicians in America, people that work in government, wanted isolationism. ✦ Isolationism - The act of staying out of world events and only paying attention to your own country.
U.S. after the War ✦ Since the war was not in the United States, the U.S. and its factories, buildings, and people living in America were not hurt by World War I. ✦ Therefore, the U.S. was much stronger than many European countries.
U.S. After the War ✦ The U.S. had to play a major role in the reconstruction and rebuilding of Europe. ✦ Why would the U.S. have to play such a big role in the rebuilding of Europe?
Conclusion ✦ The U.S. entered World War I in 1917 and helped the Allied Powers win World War I in ✦ After World War I, much of Europe was destroyed. ✦ The U.S. took on a new policy of isolationism.