4 3 Classes of Medieval Society NobilityClergyCommoners
5 Round Table Mystical Table in Camelot Symbol of Unity Given to Arthur by King Lodegreaunce (Guinevere's Father)
6 Holy GrailIn Christian mythology the cup used by Jesus during the last supper.In Arthurian legends the hero must prove himself worthy to be in its presence
7 “Siege Perilous”Special seat at Round Table for the knight destined to return with the Holy GrailSir Galahad- only knight who sits in it.Fatal to anyone else who sat in it.
8 Excalibur (Cut Stele) King Arthur's mythical sword Given by the Lady of the LakeSword in the stone could only drawn by real king.
9 Page, Squire, Knight Age 7-Page Age 14- Squire Age 18-21- Knight Servant in a householdLearns weaponry, courtesy, religion, etc.Age 14- SquirePersonal aide to a knightAge KnightIf he can master the skillshe is then knighted
10 Chivalry Ideas associated with medieval knighthood Examples Honor Courtly loveBraveryLoyalty to King
11 King Arthur Son of Uther Pendragon + Igraine Raised by Sir Ector Drew the sword fromthe stoneMarried to Guinevere
12 Sir Lancelot A French invention Greatest of King Arthur’s Knights One of the most trustedHas an affair with Guinevere
13 Sir Galahad Son of Lancelot + Elaine The only knight to sit in the “siege perilous”Quest for the Holy Grail
14 Sir Kay Arthur and Kay raised by Sir Ector Kay was Arthur’s foster brotherTries to claim sword in the stone
15 Sir GawainKing Arthur’s nephewDefender of the poorLadies man
16 Sir Mordred Illegitimate son of Arthur & Morgan Le Faye?? Traitor Takes over Kingdom while Arthur is away
17 Merlin(s) King’s Advisor Mentor to Morgan Le Fay Warrior / Wizard / DisneyKing’s AdvisorMentor to Morgan Le Fay
18 Morgan le Fay “Fay” is French for “fairy” King Arthur’s half sister Studied the evil arts under MerlinConjured the Green Knight to testthe knights of the round tableSeduced many knights (in one version, even King Arthur—resulting in son, Mordred)
19 The Siege of BenwickLancelot kills Gawain’s brothers in the process of saving GuinevereGawain convinces Arthur to lay siege on Benwick (France) where Lancelot isGawain calls out Lancelot to avenge his brothers
20 The Siege of Benwick Sir Gawain and Sir Lancelot battle Sir Gawain becomes stronger for 3 hours, until noon—weakensSir Lancelot shows forbearance and does not kill him
21 Meanwhile:The Siege of Benwick Mordred falsely proclaimed himself the King of EnglandIncestuously claimed Guinevere as wife.Guinevere escaped to the Tower of London
22 The Siege of Benwick Bishop of Canterbury did not consent to Mordred’s—went away to become a hermitArthur dreams of dead Gawain warning him to postpone the battle till Lancelot can helpGawain’s ghost tells Arthur that he and Mordred will die
23 The Day of Destiny Mordred meets Arthur at Dover, they discuss a delay They make a truce until a knight draws his sword (to kill an adder)The opponents see the glint of his sword and the battle begins.
24 The Day of Destiny As predicted, almost all die in the epic battle Arthur kills MordredBut Arthur is mortally wounded and is brought by Bedivere to the nearest church.I amyourfather,Luke
25 The Day of DestinyArthur tasked Bedivere to throw the sword into the lake.He failed to obeyArthur twiceFinally he throws Excalibur into the lake
26 The Day of DestinyThe Lady of the Lake catches the sword and brandished it thrice
27 The Day of DestinyBedivere carries Arthur to the waterside and puts him in a bargeHe is then set adrift by the four queensHe is said to return to Avalon (knight’s paradise)