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Arthurian Legends Takes place in Great Britain Takes place in Great Britain Fictional Legends with many different versions Fictional Legends with many.

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Presentation on theme: "Arthurian Legends Takes place in Great Britain Takes place in Great Britain Fictional Legends with many different versions Fictional Legends with many."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Arthurian Legends

3 Takes place in Great Britain Takes place in Great Britain Fictional Legends with many different versions Fictional Legends with many different versions Sir Thomas Malory brought together Sir Thomas Malory brought together the first collection the first collection 12 th and 13 th Century 12 th and 13 th Century

4 Camelot Castle Castle

5 3 Classes of Medieval Society Nobility Nobility Commoners CommonersClergy

6 Round Table Mystical Table in Camelot Mystical Table in Camelot Symbol of Unity Symbol of Unity Given to Arthur by King Lodegreaunce (Guinevere's Father) Given to Arthur by King Lodegreaunce (Guinevere's Father)

7 Holy Grail In Christian mythology the cup used by Jesus during the last supper. In Christian mythology the cup used by Jesus during the last supper. In Arthurian legends the hero must prove himself worthy to be in its presence In Arthurian legends the hero must prove himself worthy to be in its presence

8 Siege Perilous Special seat at Round Table for the knight destined to return with the Holy Grail Special seat at Round Table for the knight destined to return with the Holy Grail Sir Galahad- only knight who sits in it. Sir Galahad- only knight who sits in it. Fatal to anyone else who sat in it. Fatal to anyone else who sat in it.

9 Excalibur (Cut Stele) King Arthur's mythical sword King Arthur's mythical sword Given by the Lady of the Lake Given by the Lady of the Lake Sword in the stone could only drawn by real king. Sword in the stone could only drawn by real king.

10 Page, Squire, Knight Age 7-Page Age 7-Page Servant in a household Servant in a household Learns weaponry, courtesy, religion, etc. Learns weaponry, courtesy, religion, etc. Age 14- Squire Age 14- Squire Personal aide to a knight Personal aide to a knight Age 18-21- Knight Age 18-21- Knight If he can master the skills If he can master the skills he is then knighted

11 Chivalry Ideas associated with medieval knighthood Ideas associated with medieval knighthood Examples Examples Honor Honor Courtly love Courtly love Bravery Bravery Loyalty to King Loyalty to King

12 King Arthur Son of Uther Pendragon + Igraine Son of Uther Pendragon + Igraine Raised by Sir Ector Raised by Sir Ector Drew the sword from Drew the sword from the stone the stone Married to Guinevere Married to Guinevere

13 Sir Lancelot A French invention A French invention Greatest of King Arthurs Knights Greatest of King Arthurs Knights One of the most trusted One of the most trusted Has an affair with Guinevere Has an affair with Guinevere

14 Sir Galahad Son of Lancelot + Elaine Son of Lancelot + Elaine The only knight to sit in the siege perilous The only knight to sit in the siege perilous Quest for the Holy Grail Quest for the Holy Grail

15 Sir Kay Arthur and Kay raised by Sir Ector Arthur and Kay raised by Sir Ector Kay was Arthurs foster brother Kay was Arthurs foster brother Tries to claim sword in the stone Tries to claim sword in the stone

16 Sir Gawain King Arthurs nephew King Arthurs nephew Defender of the poor Defender of the poor Ladies man Ladies man

17 Sir Mordred Illegitimate son of Arthur & Morgan Le Faye?? Illegitimate son of Arthur & Morgan Le Faye?? Traitor Traitor Takes over Kingdom while Arthur is away Takes over Kingdom while Arthur is away

18 Merlin(s) Warrior / Wizard / Disney Warrior / Wizard / Disney Kings Advisor Kings Advisor Mentor to Morgan Le Fay Mentor to Morgan Le Fay

19 Morgan le Fay Fay is French for fairy Fay is French for fairy King Arthurs half sister King Arthurs half sister Studied the evil arts under Merlin Studied the evil arts under Merlin Conjured the Green Knight to test Conjured the Green Knight to test the knights of the round table the knights of the round table Seduced many knights (in one version, even King Arthurresulting in son, Mordred) Seduced many knights (in one version, even King Arthurresulting in son, Mordred)

20 The Siege of Benwick Lancelot kills Gawains brothers in the process of saving Guinevere Lancelot kills Gawains brothers in the process of saving Guinevere Gawain convinces Arthur to lay siege on Benwick (France) where Lancelot is Gawain convinces Arthur to lay siege on Benwick (France) where Lancelot is Gawain calls out Lancelot to avenge his brothers Gawain calls out Lancelot to avenge his brothers

21 The Siege of Benwick Sir Gawain and Sir Lancelot battle Sir Gawain and Sir Lancelot battle Sir Gawain becomes stronger for 3 hours, until noonweakens Sir Gawain becomes stronger for 3 hours, until noonweakens Sir Lancelot shows forbearance and does not kill him Sir Lancelot shows forbearance and does not kill him

22 Meanwhile: The Siege of Benwick Mordred falsely proclaimed himself the King of England Mordred falsely proclaimed himself the King of England Incestuously claimed Guinevere as wife. Incestuously claimed Guinevere as wife. Guinevere escaped to the Tower of London Guinevere escaped to the Tower of London

23 The Siege of Benwick Bishop of Canterbury did not Bishop of Canterbury did not consent to Mordredswent away to become a hermit consent to Mordredswent away to become a hermit Arthur dreams of dead Gawain warning him to postpone the battle till Lancelot can help Arthur dreams of dead Gawain warning him to postpone the battle till Lancelot can help Gawains ghost tells Arthur that he and Mordred will die Gawains ghost tells Arthur that he and Mordred will die

24 The Day of Destiny Mordred meets Arthur at Dover, they discuss a delay Mordred meets Arthur at Dover, they discuss a delay They make a truce until a knight draws his sword (to kill an adder) They make a truce until a knight draws his sword (to kill an adder) The opponents see the glint of his sword and the battle begins. The opponents see the glint of his sword and the battle begins.

25 The Day of Destiny As predicted, almost all die in the epic battle As predicted, almost all die in the epic battle Arthur kills Mordred Arthur kills Mordred But Arthur is mortally wounded and is brought by Bedivere to the nearest church. But Arthur is mortally wounded and is brought by Bedivere to the nearest church. I am your father, Luke

26 The Day of Destiny Arthur tasked Bedivere to throw the sword into the lake. Arthur tasked Bedivere to throw the sword into the lake. He failed to obey He failed to obey Arthur twice Arthur twice Finally he throws Excalibur into the lake Finally he throws Excalibur into the lake

27 The Day of Destiny The Lady of the Lake catches the sword and brandished it thrice The Lady of the Lake catches the sword and brandished it thrice

28 The Day of Destiny Bedivere carries Arthur to the waterside and puts him in a barge Bedivere carries Arthur to the waterside and puts him in a barge He is then set adrift by the four queens He is then set adrift by the four queens He is said to return to Avalon (knights paradise) He is said to return to Avalon (knights paradise)


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