2Medieval Romance (Archetype) Source for the popular image of the “Knight in Shining Armor”Characteristics:idealized noble charactersexaggerated or larger than life behaviora hero’s quest: motivated by love, religious faith, or desire for adventuresupernatural or magical eventsunusual or exotic settingsincidents involving mistaken identity
3Chivalry Ideas associated with medieval knighthood Examples Honor BraveryLoyalty to King(Great Hair a Must!)Courtly lovecame about because of arranged marriagesend goal is not marriagehopeless passionwoman should be of “greater” rankmale “mortally injured” by her beauty, only her favor can save him.
4Arthurian Legends Follow the Medieval Romantic Pattern Take place in Great BritainFictional Legends with many different versionsSir Thomas Malory brought together first collection12th and 13th Century
5King Arthur Son of Uther Pendragon + Igraine Raised by Sir Ector Drew the sword in the stoneMarried to Guinevere
6Excalibur King Arthur's mythical sword 2 different Myths: Sword in the stone only drawn by real king.The Sword replacing the sword from the stone given by the lady of the lake.In this myth there is a scabbard which also has mythical powers.
7Sir Lancelot Greatest of King Arthur’s Knights One of the most trusted Has an affair with Guinevere
8Sir Galahad Son of Lancelot + Elaine Seat was siege perilous Quest for the Holy Grail
9Sir Kay Arthur and Kay raised by Sir Ector Kay was Arthur’s foster brotherTries to claim sword in the stone
10Sir GawainKing Arthur’s nephewDefender of the poorLadies man
11Sir Mordred Illegitimate son of Arthur Traitor Takes over Kingdom while Arthur is away
12Merlin Wizard in Arthurian legends King’s Advisor Mistress is Morgan Le Fay
13Camelot Home to Arthur and the knights of the round table. Castle Symbolizes a perfect society.
14Round Table Mystical Table in Camelot Symbol of Unity (Often associated with democracy as no knight is “higher” at the table.Given to Arthur by King Lodegreaunce (Guinevere's Father)
15Siege PerilousSpecially reserved seat at the Round Table for the knight who was destined to quest for and return with the Holy GrailSir Galahad- only knight who sits in it.Fatal to anyone else who sat in it.
16Holy GrailIn Christian mythology the cup used by Jesus during the last supper.In Arthurian legends the hero must prove himself worthy to be in its presence