Round Table Mystical Table in Camelot Symbol of Unity Given to Arthur by King Lodegreaunce (Guinevere's Father)
*Holy Grail Cup used by Jesus during the last supper. In Arthurian legends the hero must prove himself worthy to be in its presence
Siege Perilous Seat reserved at Round Table for knight destined to quest for the Holy Grail Sir Galahad - only knight who sits in it. Fatal to anyone else who sat in it.
Excalibur King Arthur's mythical sword Sword in the stone only drawn by real king.
King Arthur Drew the sword in the stone Married to Guinevere
Chivalry Ideas associated with medieval knighthood Examples –Honor –Courtly love –Bravery –Loyalty to King
Page, Squire, Knight Age 7-Page –Servant in a household –Learns weaponry, courtesy, religion, etc. Age 14- Squire –Personal aide to a knight Age 18-21- Knight –If he can master the skills he is then knighted
*Sir Lancelot Greatest of King Arthur’s Knights One of the most trusted Has an affair with Guinevere
Sir Galahad Son of Lancelot + Elaine Seat was siege perilous Quest for the Holy Grail
*Sir Gawain King Arthur’s nephew Defender of the poor Ladies man
*Sir Mordred Illegitimate son of Arthur Traitor Takes over Kingdom while Arthur is away
3 Classes of Medieval Society NobilityCommonersClergy
The Ideal of Courtly Love This relationship was modeled on the feudal relationship between a knight and his liege lord. The knight serves his courtly lady with the same obedience and loyalty which he owes to his liege lord. She is in complete control; he owes her obedience and submission
The knight's love for the lady inspires him to do great deeds, in order to be worthy of her love or to win her favor.
“Courtly love" was not between husband and wife because it was an idealized sort of relationship that could not exist within the context of "real life" medieval marriages. In the middle ages, marriages amongst the nobility were typically based on practical and dynastic concerns rather than on love.
“Courtly love" provided a model of behavior for a class of unmarried young men who might otherwise have threatened social stability. Knights were typically younger brothers without land of their own (hence unable to support a wife). They became members of the household of the feudal lords whom they served.
How Sir Lancelot Was Known by Dame Elaine. Illustrator: A ubrey Beardsley (1872-1898) Created 500 black & white drawings for J. M. Dent's Le Morte D'Arthur, 1893-94. Art Nouveau style. Victorians were not enthusiastic about his tendency to portray men as passive, androgynous, unheroic beings often reclining, asleep, or naked, while his women and feys were more active. How Sir Bedivere Cast the Sword Excalibur into the Water