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What were the causes of the American Revolution?

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Presentation on theme: "What were the causes of the American Revolution?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What were the causes of the American Revolution?
Essential Question What were the causes of the American Revolution?

2 The French and Indian War

3 French Territory

4 Fort Beausejour



7 French Territory

8 Fort Louisbourg














22 French Territory

23 Port Royal




27 Who Fought This War? The French The British The Colonists
Indian Groups

28 French Movement French army moved into western Pennsylvania in 1754
France wanted to use the Ohio River to travel to the Mississippi, then on to New Orleans.

29 George Washington Virginia governor sent George Washington to western Pennsylvania

30 Fort Necessity Washington quickly built Fort Necessity
French attacked and defeated Washington

31 Fort Necessity

32 Fort Necessity

33 The Albany Conference June 1754
7 colonies sent representatives to discuss an alliance with the Iroquois Indians

34 Albany Plan of Union Proposed by Benjamin Franklin
Idea that colonies unite to form a federal government Rejected


36 British Victory

37 Battle of Quebec

38 Treaty of Paris (1763)

39 Pontiac’s War Pontiac – chief of the Ottawa
United other Indian tribes to attack British forts and settlers along the frontier

40 Proclamation Act of 1763 Issued by King George
No settlers allowed to move west of the Proclamation Line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains

41 Taxes on the Colonies Needed to pay war debt and cost of British soldiers in America

42 James Otis Wrote a pamphlet which stated:
“No taxation without representation.” Colonists had no representatives in Parliament

43 The Stamp Act March 1765 Required stamps on all printed materials
Newspapers, wills, deeds, dice, playing cards

44 Quartering Act Forced colonists to house British soldiers

45 Sons of Liberty Held outdoor meetings and demonstrations
Protested British acts

46 Quote, Sons of Liberty “In the morning a mob assembled and erected a gallows near the town house and the dispers’d, and about ten a clock reassembled and took the effigies of several men and the Stamp Master To said gallows where they were hung up by the neck About dusk they broke every window in his house, frames and all, likewise chairs, tables, pictures and everything they could come across.”

47 Nonimportation Agreement
Merchants pledged not to buy any British goods

48 Daughters of Liberty Supported the colonists
Began weaving homespun – a simple cloth that became a sign of patriotism

49 Boston Massacre Britain sent 1000 troops to Boston
Soldiers harassed by the crowds

50 Boston Massacre Troops fired into the crowd
First victim was Crispus Attucks 5 died in all

51 Committee of Correspondence
March 1773 Thomas Jefferson asked each colony to create a committee to communicate with other colonies Began to unify the colonies

52 Tea Act (1773) Created to help the British East India Company
Company could bypass colonial merchants

53 Boston Tea Party Dec. 1773 Men dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor

54 Coercive Acts Boston Tea Party angered King George III
Created laws designed to punish Massachusetts

55 Intolerable Acts Shut down the port of Boston
All officials appointed by the royal governor rather than elected Town meetings banned Housing must be provided for British soldiers

56 Common Sense Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine
Attacked King George III as a tyrant Time to claim independence

57 Thomas Paine “Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, ‘Tis time to part Every spot of the old world is overrun with oppression. Freedom hath been hunted around the globe And England hath given her warning to depart.”

58 Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776 Declared the colonies independent of England The United States of America

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