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Essential Question What were the causes of the American Revolution? What were the causes of the American Revolution?

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Presentation on theme: "Essential Question What were the causes of the American Revolution? What were the causes of the American Revolution?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Essential Question What were the causes of the American Revolution? What were the causes of the American Revolution?

2 The French and Indian War

3 French Territory

4 Fort Beausejour

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7 French Territory

8 Fort Louisbourg

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22 French Territory

23 Port Royal

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27 Who Fought This War? The French The French The British The British The Colonists The Colonists Indian Groups Indian Groups

28 French Movement French army moved into western Pennsylvania in 1754 French army moved into western Pennsylvania in 1754 France wanted to use the Ohio River to travel to the Mississippi, then on to New Orleans. France wanted to use the Ohio River to travel to the Mississippi, then on to New Orleans.

29 George Washington Virginia governor sent George Washington to western Pennsylvania Virginia governor sent George Washington to western Pennsylvania

30 Fort Necessity Washington quickly built Fort Necessity Washington quickly built Fort Necessity French attacked and defeated Washington French attacked and defeated Washington

31 Fort Necessity

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33 The Albany Conference June 1754 June colonies sent representatives to discuss an alliance with the Iroquois Indians 7 colonies sent representatives to discuss an alliance with the Iroquois Indians

34 Albany Plan of Union Proposed by Benjamin Franklin Proposed by Benjamin Franklin Idea that colonies unite to form a federal government Idea that colonies unite to form a federal government Rejected Rejected

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36 British Victory

37 Battle of Quebec

38 Treaty of Paris (1763)

39 Pontiacs War Pontiac – chief of the Ottawa Pontiac – chief of the Ottawa United other Indian tribes to attack British forts and settlers along the frontier United other Indian tribes to attack British forts and settlers along the frontier

40 Proclamation Act of 1763 Issued by King George Issued by King George No settlers allowed to move west of the Proclamation Line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains No settlers allowed to move west of the Proclamation Line drawn along the Appalachian Mountains

41 Taxes on the Colonies Needed to pay war debt and cost of British soldiers in America Needed to pay war debt and cost of British soldiers in America

42 James Otis Wrote a pamphlet which stated: Wrote a pamphlet which stated: No taxation without representation. Colonists had no representatives in Parliament

43 The Stamp Act March 1765 March 1765 Required stamps on all printed materials Required stamps on all printed materials Newspapers, wills, deeds, dice, playing cards Newspapers, wills, deeds, dice, playing cards

44 Quartering Act Forced colonists to house British soldiers Forced colonists to house British soldiers

45 Sons of Liberty Held outdoor meetings and demonstrations Held outdoor meetings and demonstrations Protested British acts Protested British acts

46 Quote, Sons of Liberty In the morning a mob assembled and erected a gallows near the town house and the dispersd, and about ten a clock reassembled and took the effigies of several men and the Stamp Master... To said gallows where they were hung up by the neck... About dusk they broke every window in his house, frames and all, likewise chairs, tables, pictures and everything they could come across.

47 Nonimportation Agreement Merchants pledged not to buy any British goods Merchants pledged not to buy any British goods

48 Daughters of Liberty Supported the colonists Supported the colonists Began weaving homespun – a simple cloth that became a sign of patriotism Began weaving homespun – a simple cloth that became a sign of patriotism

49 Boston Massacre Britain sent 1000 troops to Boston Britain sent 1000 troops to Boston Soldiers harassed by the crowds Soldiers harassed by the crowds

50 Boston Massacre Troops fired into the crowd Troops fired into the crowd First victim was Crispus Attucks First victim was Crispus Attucks 5 died in all 5 died in all

51 Committee of Correspondence March 1773 March 1773 Thomas Jefferson asked each colony to create a committee to communicate with other colonies Thomas Jefferson asked each colony to create a committee to communicate with other colonies Began to unify the colonies Began to unify the colonies

52 Tea Act (1773) Created to help the British East India Company Created to help the British East India Company Company could bypass colonial merchants Company could bypass colonial merchants

53 Boston Tea Party Dec Dec Men dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor Men dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor

54 Coercive Acts Boston Tea Party angered King George III Boston Tea Party angered King George III Created laws designed to punish Massachusetts Created laws designed to punish Massachusetts

55 Intolerable Acts Shut down the port of Boston Shut down the port of Boston All officials appointed by the royal governor rather than elected All officials appointed by the royal governor rather than elected Town meetings banned Town meetings banned Housing must be provided for British soldiers Housing must be provided for British soldiers

56 Common Sense Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine Attacked King George III as a tyrant Attacked King George III as a tyrant Time to claim independence Time to claim independence

57 Thomas Paine Everything that is right or reasonable pleads for separation. The blood of the slain, the weeping voice of nature cries, Tis time to part... Every spot of the old world is overrun with oppression. Freedom hath been hunted around the globe... And England hath given her warning to depart.

58 Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776 July 4, 1776 Declared the colonies independent of England Declared the colonies independent of England The United States of America The United States of America


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