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The American Revolution Ch 4. Section 1 - The Colonies Fight for Their Rights In 1740 the French and British built forts in the Ohio River Valley to claim.

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Presentation on theme: "The American Revolution Ch 4. Section 1 - The Colonies Fight for Their Rights In 1740 the French and British built forts in the Ohio River Valley to claim."— Presentation transcript:

1 The American Revolution Ch 4

2 Section 1 - The Colonies Fight for Their Rights In 1740 the French and British built forts in the Ohio River Valley to claim the territory which led to the French and Indian War

3 The British formed a conference called the Albany Plan of Union that united the colonies to help push out the French, led by Ben Franklin This was the first time the colonies were united for anything

4 The British General Edward Braddock named George Washington his aide. For the next two years fighting spread all over the frontier

5 In 1756 the fighting spread to Europe as the Seven Years War The turning point in America was the British victory at Quebec

6 The Treaty of Paris ended the war in 1763 and eliminated most all French power in North America.


8 Colonial Discontent The war put the British into debt Britain wanted the colonies to help pay the debt The Sugar Act was the first attempt to do so

9 Sugar Act The act… Taxed sugar, silk, wine, coffee, pimento, and indigo Colonists argued taxation without representation in Parliament

10 Other Acts Stamp Act – taxed printed material, the first direct tax placed on the common man Quartering Act – forced colonist to house British troops in their homes to pay for their defense

11 The Townshend Acts Revenue Act – allowed for general search warrants called writs of assistance British began to seize property without due process

12 Colonial Protest The protests were led by a group called the Sons of Liberty Originally started by Isaac Sears Led by Samuel Adams

13 The colonist boycotted all British goods and passed non- importation laws against British Acts On March 5, 1770 British troops fired on colonist in Boston and killed many in the Boston Massacre

14 Journal Entry 9/18 Turn to page 134 and read the Preamble to Declaration of Independence and rewrite it in your own words

15 Section the British sent the Gaspee, a customs ship, to patrol North American waters. The ship runs aground and is seized by colonist and burned

16 The British took suspects back to England for trial Colonist felt this was a violation of their right to trial by jury

17 Thomas Jefferson created the Committee of Correspondence for colonies to talk to each other about Britain

18 Tea Act / Tea Party The British East India company was going bankrupt In 1773 Parliament passed the Tea Act to tax tea from the Dutch and force colonist to buy from them

19 In December 1773, colonist dumped 342 chests of East India Tea into the Boston Harbor This became known as the Boston Tea Party

20 Proclamation of 1763 King George of England drew a line from north to south along the Appalachian Mountains and declared that colonist couldnt settle west of the line without permission

21 Intolerable Acts Coercive Acts – four new laws passed by the British in response to the Boston Tea Party Quebec Act – gave more land to Quebec and made it harder for colonist to move west

22 First Continental Congress Met in Philadelphia in 1774 Wrote the Declaration of Rights and Grievances – which gave loyalty to the king but condemned the Intolerable Acts

23 Revolution Begins The town of Concord created the first Minutemen militia The colonist split into 2 groups Loyalist – (Tories) those still loyal to the king Patriots – (Whigs) wanted independence

24 Lexington and Concord April 18, 1775 British Gen. Gage wanted the arms stockpile at Concord Lexington was on the way Paul Revere and William Dawes were sent to warn that the Red Coats were coming

25 Second Continental Congress After the victory delegates met to address the issue of defense The Congress adopted the militia and named it the Continental Army with Washington as its General

26 Battle of Bunker Hill – huge boost to American confidence that they could stand up to the British army Olive Branch Petition – Continental Congress tried to make peace with King George

27 Jan 1776 Thomas Paine wrote the pamphlet Common Sense calling for independence July 4 th, 1776 Thomas Jeffersons Declaration of Independence was approved by the Continental Congress declaring themselves the United States of America

28 The Colonies Advantages Fighting on home ground Good generals Fighting for freedom French Alliance Disadvantages Untrained, small army Food & Ammo shortages Weak, divided central govt. British Advantages Well-trained, well- supplied military Wealth of resources Strong central govt. Disadvantages Fighting in unfamiliar, hostile territory Fighting far away from Britain and resources Troops indifferent, little support at home

29 Northern Campaign British Strategy Seizure of New York Crossing the Delaware Capture of Philadelphia and winter at Valley Forge Battle of Saratoga France enters the war

30 War In the West George Rogers Clark Ohio River region British alliances with native tribes

31 War at Sea American Naval Strategy Letters of Marque John Paul Jones

32 Southern Campaign Strong Loyalist support Fall of Savannah and Charles Town Turning Point in the South British tactics Battle of Kings Mountain Francis Marion

33 American Victory British try and take Virginia Victory at Yorktown Treaty of Paris Recognition of the United States with Mississippi River as its western border

34 A New Nation Republic State Constitutions Limited Power Checks and Balances Tyranny of the Majority Expansion of voting rights Elimination of state funding for churches

35 War and American Society Equality of white men Emancipation of slaves Contradicted liberty and equality Emancipation in northern states Religion in African culture Loyalists flee Education Keystone of our arch of govt.

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