Presentation on theme: "1 Natural Resources History of Hunting Part 1 Section 1 AHE."— Presentation transcript:
1 Natural Resources History of Hunting Part 1 Section 1 AHE
2 History of Hunting Many game species were decimated because they were needed for food. Other species destroyed out of fear and they competed with humans. By 1900s the last large concentrations of grizzlies and wolves were being eliminated in the west The federal government was attempting to exterminate coyotes, cougars, prairie dogs, and other varmints for domestic, commercial, and political reasons.
3 History of Hunting President Theodore Roosevelt, and his chief forester Gillord Pinchot led a fight to set aside land for refuges. (Created 51 in 1904) He also promoted the idea of harvesting only surplus game animals for sport and food. Marked the beginning of recreational hunting and the end of the market shooting.
4 History of Hunting Throughout history hunting has been a tradition. Until recent times hunting was done out of necessity for food The Lacey Act of 1900 and the migratory bird act of 1918 were both landmarks in the new conservation movement Lacey Act stopped illegal game transportation across state lines
5 History of Hunting The conservation era was so successful that it lead to an overprotection era. 1900 3,000 mule deer 1906 1,000,000 acre sanctuary In 25 years government hunters killed 781 mountain lions, 5,000 coyotes and exterminated the gray wolf. Deer pop. Rose to 100,000 1930 only 30,000 left and fell to 15,000 a couple yrs later
6 History of Hunting Aldo Leopold was regarded as the father of wildlife management in the late 20s and early 30s. He led the move to manage wild lands and wild creatures not just protect them. What is conservation? The wise use of natural resources whereas preservation is the non use of natural resources.
7 History of Hunting Pittman Robertson Act In 1937 a federal law took on monumental task. To restore wildlife populations throughout America. Pittman-Robertson has probably been responsible for the restoration of more wildlife species than any other legislation in the history of wildlife conservation.
8 History of Hunting The act was financed by hunters who paid a 10% (later 11%) tax on sporting arms and ammunition. In 1970 a 10% tax on guns and in 1972 and 11% tax on archery equipment.
9 History of Hunting The Law Federal firearms and ammunition taxes to the states in a matching basis up to $3 federal for every $1 state. Prohibited the use of these federal revenues for any purpose other than wildlife conservation. Prohibited states from using hunters license fees for any purpose other than supporting the state fish and game agency.
10 History of Hunting Three types of state projects that are eligible for funds. Purchase of land for wildlife rehabilitation Development of land to make it more suitable for mammals and birds. Research to solve problems that stand in the way of wildlife restoration.
11 History of Hunting In the first half century the program provided more than $1.5 billion to states for wildlife restoration. States have added $500 million in matching funds. The money has: Enabled states to purchase about four million acres for wildlife habitat and Supported hunter education programs to reduce firearms accidents and teach outdoor ethics.