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Wildlife Preserving a Valuable Resource. The Values of Wildlife Plants and animals that have not been domesticated are called wildlife. Plants and animals.

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Presentation on theme: "Wildlife Preserving a Valuable Resource. The Values of Wildlife Plants and animals that have not been domesticated are called wildlife. Plants and animals."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wildlife Preserving a Valuable Resource

2 The Values of Wildlife Plants and animals that have not been domesticated are called wildlife. Plants and animals that have not been domesticated are called wildlife. Domestication is being under control of humans. Domestication is being under control of humans.

3 Five Basic Values of Wildlife Aesthetic value Aesthetic value the enjoying of wildlife’s beauty and pleasure the enjoying of wildlife’s beauty and pleasure Scientific value Scientific value studying and research of wildlife for their use in medications, integrated pest management, etc… studying and research of wildlife for their use in medications, integrated pest management, etc… Ecological Value Ecological Value the interaction of wildlife in nature the interaction of wildlife in nature

4 Five Basic Values of Wildlife Commercial Commercial using wildlife to earn money using wildlife to earn money Game Value Game Value the enjoyment value gained through hunting and fishing the enjoyment value gained through hunting and fishing

5 What are wildlife conservation and wildlife management? Wildlife Conservation Wildlife Conservation the wise use of natural resources in our environment. the wise use of natural resources in our environment. Wildlife Conservation is divided in 4 parts. Wildlife Conservation is divided in 4 parts.

6 Parts of Wildlife Conservation Education Education learning how to conserve wildlife and its resources learning how to conserve wildlife and its resources Research Research using science to better understand the needs and requirements of wildlife and its habitat using science to better understand the needs and requirements of wildlife and its habitat Law Enforcement Law Enforcement ensures that all laws related to wildlife are followed ensures that all laws related to wildlife are followed Wildlife Management Wildlife Management manipulation of wildlife to achieve a positive goal manipulation of wildlife to achieve a positive goal

7 Explain the history of wildlife conservation In the 1600’s, when the pilgrims arrived, wildlife was plentiful and was able to meet the needs of the people. In the 1600’s, when the pilgrims arrived, wildlife was plentiful and was able to meet the needs of the people. Needs turned into wants Needs turned into wants Exploitation Exploitation the use of natural resources for profit the use of natural resources for profit By the 1800’s, people began to see a need for conservation of our natural resources By the 1800’s, people began to see a need for conservation of our natural resources

8 What is the history of wildlife conservation? What is the history of wildlife conservation? Morrill Act of 1862 Morrill Act of 1862 Established colleges to teach agriculture. Established colleges to teach agriculture. Made “land grant universities” such as the University of Illinois. Made “land grant universities” such as the University of Illinois.

9 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? National Park Service National Park Service Enacted in Enacted in Federal agency responsible for the care of the national parks. Federal agency responsible for the care of the national parks. Today, the National Park Service has 330 protected areas such as Yosemite, Sequoia, the Great Smoky Mountains, and the Carlsbad Caverns. Today, the National Park Service has 330 protected areas such as Yosemite, Sequoia, the Great Smoky Mountains, and the Carlsbad Caverns. The National park Service also oversees monuments and parkways such as the Natchez Trace Parkway and the USS Arizona memorial. The National park Service also oversees monuments and parkways such as the Natchez Trace Parkway and the USS Arizona memorial.

10 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Yellowstone National Park Yellowstone National Park First national park in the world. First national park in the world. Its purpose was to preserve the natural resources of the area. Its purpose was to preserve the natural resources of the area Located in Idaho, Montana & Wyoming Located in Idaho, Montana & Wyoming 3,472 sq. miles 3,472 sq. miles 2,221,773 sq. acres 2,221,773 sq. acres

11 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Lacey Act Lacey Act Passed in 1900 as the Game Bird and Wild Bird Preservation Act. Passed in 1900 as the Game Bird and Wild Bird Preservation Act. Regulates the shipment of illegally killed animals. Regulates the shipment of illegally killed animals. Made it illegal to trade protected wildlife. Made it illegal to trade protected wildlife.

12 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act Requires people planning on hunting migratory birds to purchase special stamps. Requires people planning on hunting migratory birds to purchase special stamps Has raised over $1 billion to date. Has raised over $1 billion to date. The funds are used to promote the well- being of game birds. The funds are used to promote the well- being of game birds. Today the stamps cost $15. Today the stamps cost $15.

13 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Pittman-Robertson Act Pittman-Robertson Act Passed in 1937 Passed in 1937 This placed a tax on all hunting equipment and ammunition This placed a tax on all hunting equipment and ammunition Funds from this Act are the mainstay of state conservation agencies and have supported wildlife management programs. Funds from this Act are the mainstay of state conservation agencies and have supported wildlife management programs.

14 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Endangered Species Act Endangered Species Act Established in 1966 Established in 1966 Identifies and manages rare, threatened and endangered species. Identifies and manages rare, threatened and endangered species. Congress provides money to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to help support the care and management of these species. Congress provides money to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to help support the care and management of these species.

15 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Wildlife Refuge System Wildlife Refuge System A part of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. A part of the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Organized in 1966 Organized in 1966 Today there are more than 400 refuges that contain vast land areas in the U.S. Today there are more than 400 refuges that contain vast land areas in the U.S.

16 What are the national policies that impact wildlife conservation? Forest Service Forest Service Part of the USDA that manages 156 forests covering 191 million acres of forests and grassland. Part of the USDA that manages 156 forests covering 191 million acres of forests and grassland. Originally set up to protect timber and water as part of the federal forest conservation policy of 1891 Originally set up to protect timber and water as part of the federal forest conservation policy of 1891 It has been estimated that the national forests contain 60% of the nation’s wildlife. It has been estimated that the national forests contain 60% of the nation’s wildlife.

17 Historical People in Wildlife Conservation John James Audubon (1785–1851) John James Audubon (1785–1851) Watched and studied birds. Watched and studied birds. Published a book about his bird studies. Published a book about his bird studies the National Audubon Society was formed the National Audubon Society was formed.

18 Historical People in Wildlife Conservation John Muir (1838–1914) John Muir (1838–1914) Partly responsible for the development of Yellowstone and Sequoia National Parks. Partly responsible for the development of Yellowstone and Sequoia National Parks. Encouraged President Roosevelt to establish these parks. Encouraged President Roosevelt to establish these parks. Started the Sierra Club. Started the Sierra Club. California forest named after him. California forest named after him.

19 Historical People in Wildlife Conservation Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) Known as the “Father of the Conservation Movement”. Known as the “Father of the Conservation Movement”. Passed legislations to help protect natural resource. Passed legislations to help protect natural resource.

20 Historical People in Wildlife Conservation Aldo Leopold (1886–1948) Aldo Leopold (1886–1948) Applied ecology to wildlife. Applied ecology to wildlife. Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with their environment. Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with their environment. Wrote a book called Game Management that was used to help further educate wildlife biologists. Wrote a book called Game Management that was used to help further educate wildlife biologists.

21 Historical People in Wildlife Conservation Gifford Pinchot (1865–1946) Gifford Pinchot (1865–1946) One of the first leaders of what is now known as the U.S. Forest Service. One of the first leaders of what is now known as the U.S. Forest Service. Wrote a book called The Fight for Conservation. Wrote a book called The Fight for Conservation. His efforts focused on the conservation of forests. His efforts focused on the conservation of forests.

22 Historical People in Wildlife Conservation Hugh Bennett (1881–1960 Hugh Bennett (1881–1960 Father of soil conservation. Father of soil conservation. First person to run the Soil Conservation Service. First person to run the Soil Conservation Service. Jay Darling (1872–1962) Jay Darling (1872–1962) Designed the first migratory bird stamp. Designed the first migratory bird stamp. Drew cartoons of wildlife and natural resources. Drew cartoons of wildlife and natural resources. His cartoons made the public aware of the need for wildlife conservation. His cartoons made the public aware of the need for wildlife conservation.

23 The work of Jay Darling “Land, water and vegetation are just that dependent on one another. Without these three primary elements in natural balance, we can have neither fish nor game, wild flowers nor trees, labor nor capital, nor sustaining habitat for humans” “Land, water and vegetation are just that dependent on one another. Without these three primary elements in natural balance, we can have neither fish nor game, wild flowers nor trees, labor nor capital, nor sustaining habitat for humans” Jay “Ding” Darling Jay “Ding” Darling

24 The work of Jay Darling


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