Presentation on theme: "Lacey Act of 1900 prohibits transporting live/dead wild animals or their parts across state borders w/out federal permit."— Presentation transcript:
1Lacey Act of 1900prohibits transporting live/dead wild animals or their parts across state borders w/out federal permit
2Lacey Act of 1900Implementation: civil/criminal penalties for violationsPros:one of the broadest and most comprehensive forces in the federal arsenal to combat wildlife crimeMakes falsification of documents for wildlife trade illegalCons:Hard to regulate (spottier than a leopard)Original act only applied to birds/wild game
3National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act Authorizes Secretary of commerce to designate as National Marine Sanctuaries those areas of the marine environment that are deemed of national significance
4National Marine Sanctuary and Protection Act Implementation: Secretary conducts research to determine which areas are sanctuary-worthyPros:gives priority to areas with important conservation, recreation, ecological esthetic valuesIncreases public awareness through educational programsCons:Controversy in deciding which areas are nationall significantno limit to amount of sanctuaries that can be designated
5Anadromous Fish Act of 1965provided funding for restoration, enhancement, and management of anadromous fishaddress the growing concerns over salmon and herring populations throughout the country
6Anadromous Fish Act of 1965Implementation: provided funds primarily to the U.S., with federal oversight, to culture and stock fish in an effort to rebuild depleted stocks of marine and anadromous fishPros:Requires that an individual or gov’t agency provide prior notice to obtain permit approval from OHMP to construct a hydraulic project or use, divert, obstruct, pollute, or change the natual flow of a specified anadromous water bodyCons:Permit application time may be lengthy
7Marine Mammal Protection Act This act was put into effect because certain species of marine mammals are in danger of extinction as a result of human growth and expansionThese species of marine mammals should not be permitted to diminish beyond the point at which they cease to be a significant functioning element in the ecosystem of which they are a part.Further measures should be immediately taken to replenish any species or population stock which has already diminished below that population.Efforts should be made to protect essential habitats, including the rookeries, mating grounds, and areas of similar significance for each species of marine mammal from the adverse effect of man's actions.
8Marine Mammal Protection Act Secretary is permitted to enforce such laws and is allowed to use federal agencies in doing so.Judges may issue warrants to those who are believed to be violating the actIllegal cargo may be seized, violators may be arrested.Cargo that is seized shall be held by the courts and the violators will face a court hearing and are subject to fines and possibility of imprisonment based upon the severity of the crime.
9Pittman Robertson ActAlso known as, Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration act and approved by Congress on September 2, 1937, and begin functioning July 1, 1938It provides funding for the selection, restoration, rehabilitation and improvements of wildlife habitat, wildlife management researchThis Act was amended October 23, 1970, to include funding for hunter training programs and the development, operation and maintenance of public target ranges.It is initiated by hunters and conservationists.
10Pittman Robertson Act cont. It puts an excise tax of 11% on all sporting arms, ammunition, and archery equipment that is paid by hunters.The law has been amended twice in % tax was added onto hand guns. 2 years later 11% tax was added to archery equipment.The tax pays for research and habitat work that benefits hundreds of species of wildlife.It provides aid to Puerto Rico, Guam, America Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands and the Virgin Islands for wildlife-restoration projects.
11National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act By: Nicole P and Ashley S.
12National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act of 1966Ensures that the National Wildlife Refuge System is managed as a national system of related lands, waters, and interests for the protection and conservation of our Nation's wildlife resourcesProvides guidelines and directives for administration and management of all areas in the system, including wildlife refuges, areas for the protection and conservation of fish and wildlife that are threatened with extinction, wildlife ranges, game ranges, wildlife management areas, or waterfowl production areas
13Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species [CITES] – 1975An agreement signed between 145 countries to ensure that international trade of wildlife animals and plants do not threaten their survivalTrade includes live animals and plants, also includes products derived from them (food, leather, instruments)Lists 700 endangered or threatened species thatcannot be commercially traded as live specimensor wildlife products
14CITES require that all import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species listed by theConvention has to be authorized through a licensingsystem.PROS:Protect 700 endangeredor threatened speciesCONS:Low enforcementConvicted violators often payonly small finesCountries that signed CITEScan exempt themselves fromprotecting any listed speciesCITES Secretariat (2004). CITES. Retrieved on May 02, 2004, from CITES website:Miller, Tyler Jr. (2001). Environmental Science Eight Edition: Brook/Coles Publisher.
15Migratory Bird Conservation Act This Act establishes a Migratory Bird Conservation Commission to approve areas of land or water recommended by the Secretary of the Interior for acquisition as reservations for migratory birds. Consultation with state and local government is required prior to acquisition.The official responsible for the administration of a state's game laws, or his representative, shall be an ex officio member of the commission for the purpose of considering and voting on questions relating to the acquisition of areas in that state.The Migratory Bird Conservation Fund is established to acquire lands for conservation, to maintain acquired lands for habitat preservation, and for any expenses necessary for the administration development, and maintenance of such areas including construction of dams, dikes, ditches, spillways, and flumes for improving habitat, and mitigating pollution threats to waterfowl and migratory birds.