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Wildlife Management Mr. Goggins. What is wildlife? -Any animal, plant, that is not domesticated. “The practical ecology of all vertebrates and their plant.

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Presentation on theme: "Wildlife Management Mr. Goggins. What is wildlife? -Any animal, plant, that is not domesticated. “The practical ecology of all vertebrates and their plant."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wildlife Management Mr. Goggins

2 What is wildlife? -Any animal, plant, that is not domesticated. “The practical ecology of all vertebrates and their plant and animal associates”

3 Wildlife Management “Application of ecological knowledge to wildlife populations in a manner that strikes a balance between the needs of those population and the needs of people (Bolen and Robinson 2003)

4 Wildlife Categories Game Species Non-game species Endangered and threatened species Nuisance species Fish

5 Wildlife Management 3 basic approaches –Preservation –Direct manipulation –Indirect manipulation

6 History of Wildlife Management 1800’s- Hunting restrictions Aldo Leopold published Game Management 1937-Congress Passed Pittman-Roberson Act. 1960’s- New public perspective & expectations

7 Neglect and Exploitation -Market Hunting

8 Neglect and Exploitation Passanger Pigeon –Most numerous bird on earth (1800’s) –Extinct in a little over 100 years (last died 1941) –Human Hunting Labrador Duck –Extinct in 1875 –Loss of habitat

9 Neglect and Exploitation Caroline Parakeet –Extinct in 1914 –Human hunting and habitat loss Great auk –Extinct in 1844 –Hunted/ trapped for meat, feathers & eggs Hawaiian Rail –Extinct in 1940 –Went extinct do to loss of habitat

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12 Problems of Excess Raindeer –1944 – 24 cows 5 bulls –1963 – 6000 on island –1964 – 42 on island Mule Deer White-tailed Deer Winter roosting birds of various species

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15 Success Stories Wood ducks Wild turkey (catch and release) Bison –1860 – 60 million in America –1889 – 150 in America –1894 – last free range bison killed

16 Important people in Conservation

17 Aldo Leopold “Father of wildlife management” 1 st wildlife management professor Founded wildlife society

18 Theodore Roosevelt The conservation minded president Founded 1 st wildlife refuge 1903 Founded boon and crocket club

19 Gifford Pinchot Americas 1 st forester Helped create the national forest survive

20 John Muir “The father of our National parks” Invented 1 st alarm clock Convinced congress to set aside land for the national parks Founded Siear club

21 John James Audubon Naturalist and a painter Most known for “birds of North America”

22 J.N. “Ding” Darling A famous cartoonist Conservation & politics main passion 1 st head of U.S. Fish & wildlife Started the “duck stamp”


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