What is a clause? A clause is a word group that contains a verb and its subject and that is used as a sentence or part of a sentence
The Independent Clause An independent (or main) clause expresses a complete thought and can stand by itself as a sentence Ex. Ms. Santana works in a law office in downtown Concord. Ms. Santana works in a law office that has a view of downtown Concord Ms. Santana works in a law office in downtown Concord, and she has a successful practice. Each bold clause has its own subject and verb and expresses a complete thought
The Subordinate Clause A subordinate (or dependent) clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a sentence Words like when, whom, because, which, that, if and until signal that the clause following them are likely subordinate Examples When you arrive at the airport in Dallas Which grow only locally That he had granted us an interview
When you arrive at the airport in Dallas, call us. These wildflowers, which grow only locally, are of interest to scientists. Did you know that he has granted us an interview?
The Adjective Clause An adjective clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun Usually tells us what kind or which one Examples This is the new music video that I like best. Griffins, which are mythological beasts, are included on many coats of arms.
The Adverb Clause An adverb clause is a subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb Generally tells how, when, where, why, how much, to what extent, or under what conditions Examples After I had proofread my paper, I input the corrections Because crepes are delicious, Joy makes them on special occasions. You and your brother may come with us if you want to.
The Noun Clause A noun clause is a subordinate clause that is used as a noun May be used as a subject, as a complement, or as the object of a preposition Examples They did not know who it could be. Show us what you bought. What you learn is your decision. She wished that she were older.