2Phrases A group of related words Used as a single part of speech Does not contain both a subject & verbCannot stand alone as a sentence
3Phrases & Prepositions You MUST know prepositions !Prepositions are words that show relationships between other words in the sentenceMemorize the chart on page 109 –this is just a sample of prepositions you must know
4Prepositional phrases Show a relationship between the noun or pronoun and the sentenceIncludes the preposition, object, and modifiersA phrase have more than one objectThe phrase may appear anywhere in the sentence
5Finding a prepositional phrase Know the prepositions!Check out Google, or other sites and read, read, read about prepositionsFind the “Preposition Song” sung to the tune of Yankee doodle !
6Finding the prepositional phrase L K for the preposition in the sentenceBack up to find a nounMove forward to find the objectExample:The tree in front of the window blocks our view.noun prep objectASK? What blocks our view? The tree. Where is it? IN FRONT of the window is the prepositional phrase.
7Adjective phrasesA prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronounUsed as an adjectiveAnswers : What kind? Which one? How many? How much?Generally follows the word it modifiesCan be located anywhere in the sentence
8Multiple modifiersMore than one adjective phrase can modify the same noun or pronounExample:That painting of sunflowers by van Gogh is famous.modifies painting modifies painting
9Adverb phrasesA prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adverb, or adjectiveUsed as an adverbAnswers: when, where, why, how, how often, how long?May appear anywhere in the sentenceCan be before, after or in between the words it modifies
10Finding Adverb phrases Find the prepositionAsk the adverb questionsExample: Success is just around the corner.prepask? WHERE is success? Around the corner
11Objects and adverbsRemember to include the helping verbs when modifying a verbAdverb and adjective phrases can work togetherSometimes and adjective phrase will modify the OBJECT of the prep in an adverb phraseExample:Yesterday, we went to an exhibit of rare coins.Modifies went modifies exhibit
12CLAUSES A group of words that contains a verb and its subject Can be used as a sentence or part of a sentenceDoes not express a complete thought (subordinate or dependent)Expresses a complete thought (independent)Signal words: page 136 in your book! Memorize these words!
13Adjective clauses Used as an adjective Modifies a noun or pronoun Contains a subject & verbUsually follows the word it modifiesTells what kind? Which one?
14Adverb clauses Used as an adverb Modifies a verb, adverb, adjective Contains a subject & verbUsually follows the word it modifiesAnswers: how, when, where, why, how long, how much, under what condition?Can be anywhere in the sentence, usually next to the word it modifies.