2 Phrases A group of related words Used as a single part of speech Does not contain both a subject & verbCannot stand alone as a sentence
3 Phrases & Prepositions You MUST know prepositions !Prepositions are words that show relationships between other words in the sentenceMemorize the chart on page 109 –this is just a sample of prepositions you must know
4 Prepositional phrases Show a relationship between the noun or pronoun and the sentenceIncludes the preposition, object, and modifiersA phrase have more than one objectThe phrase may appear anywhere in the sentence
5 Finding a prepositional phrase Know the prepositions!Check out Google, or other sites and read, read, read about prepositionsFind the “Preposition Song” sung to the tune of Yankee doodle !
6 Finding the prepositional phrase L K for the preposition in the sentenceBack up to find a nounMove forward to find the objectExample:The tree in front of the window blocks our view.noun prep objectASK? What blocks our view? The tree. Where is it? IN FRONT of the window is the prepositional phrase.
7 Adjective phrasesA prepositional phrase that modifies a noun or pronounUsed as an adjectiveAnswers : What kind? Which one? How many? How much?Generally follows the word it modifiesCan be located anywhere in the sentence
8 Multiple modifiersMore than one adjective phrase can modify the same noun or pronounExample:That painting of sunflowers by van Gogh is famous.modifies painting modifies painting
9 Adverb phrasesA prepositional phrase that modifies a verb, adverb, or adjectiveUsed as an adverbAnswers: when, where, why, how, how often, how long?May appear anywhere in the sentenceCan be before, after or in between the words it modifies
10 Finding Adverb phrases Find the prepositionAsk the adverb questionsExample: Success is just around the corner.prepask? WHERE is success? Around the corner
11 Objects and adverbsRemember to include the helping verbs when modifying a verbAdverb and adjective phrases can work togetherSometimes and adjective phrase will modify the OBJECT of the prep in an adverb phraseExample:Yesterday, we went to an exhibit of rare coins.Modifies went modifies exhibit
12 CLAUSES A group of words that contains a verb and its subject Can be used as a sentence or part of a sentenceDoes not express a complete thought (subordinate or dependent)Expresses a complete thought (independent)Signal words: page 136 in your book! Memorize these words!
13 Adjective clauses Used as an adjective Modifies a noun or pronoun Contains a subject & verbUsually follows the word it modifiesTells what kind? Which one?
14 Adverb clauses Used as an adverb Modifies a verb, adverb, adjective Contains a subject & verbUsually follows the word it modifiesAnswers: how, when, where, why, how long, how much, under what condition?Can be anywhere in the sentence, usually next to the word it modifies.