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The stability and protection of the Roman Empire was shattered by: Invasions of Barbarians.
This is the name for the system that arose in the Middle Ages to provide security and protection on a local level: FEUDALISM
A lord gave land to a vassal in exchange for: 1. Military service 2. A percentage of crops 3. Administration of courts 4. Fee collection
The origin of serfdom in which people are bound to work the land for a particular landowner is: The Roman Latifundia and Slavery system.
This was the name for the stable, self-sufficient economic system in the Middle Ages: The Manor
The 3 major classes in the Middle Ages with their separate roles: 1. The Clergy – spiritual guidance 2. The Nobles – protection and justice 3. The Peasants – agricultural labor
Typically, the nobles attained their tiles and lands in this manner: Inheritance
T or F: The church could hold manor lands and church officials could serve as vassals. TRUE! The Catholic church amassed great wealth and many land holdings during the Middle Ages!
With his Carolingian Renaissance, this king emphasized learning, Christianity and revived Roman culture: Charlemagne
On Christmas Day of 800AD, this official crowned Charlemagne, thus establishing the power of the Church: POPE
Charlemagne was crowned with this title: Holy Roman Emperor
With powers such as excommunication and interdict, this institution held authority over Europeans: The Catholic Church
The name of the treaty that divided Charlemagne’s empire between his GRANDsons (although the SOL says it’s between his sons, ARGH): Treaty of Verdun
These defensive structures provided protection from invaders such as the Vikings and Magyars: Castles
Viking and Magyars settled in 1._____________ while the Angles and Saxons settled in 2.____________. 1. Mainland Europe 2. England
Medieval society was an interesting combination of these 3 traditions: Roman Roman Christian Christian Germanic Germanic
The concept of a united Christendom meant that loyalty to the ________ came before loyalty to the government. Catholic Church
St. Benedict is a founder of a: Monastery
Monks were engaged in illumination and copying of ancient manuscripts and helped to preserve secular works from ancient: Greece and Rome
The Latin alphabet and the Christian faith were carried to the Germanic tribes and the Celts by ________________ Missionaries
The parish priests administered the 7 ___________, essential for salvation. Sacraments
English king who united most of Medieval England after he successfully conquered it William the Conqueror
Law code of medieval England that applied to ALL citizens, begun by Henry II COMMON LAW
English king forced by nobles to sign the Magna Carta which limited the kings powers KINGJOHN
War between England and France that helped define both as strong nations 100 YEARS’ WAR
French king who established throne in Paris and gradually gained control of all of France HUGH CAPET
Peasant girl turned soldier who unified France during the 100 Years’ War JOANOFARC
Spanish monarchs who unified Spain as a Christian nation by kicking out Jews and Muslim Moors Ferdinand & Isabella
Russian tsar who overthrew the Mongols, made his capital in Moscow and expanded Russia IVANTHEGREAT
Pope whose speech called for the Crusades POPE URBAN II
Why the Pope called Christian soldiers to join the Crusades Muslims had taken Jerusalem
Outcome of the 1 st Crusade Christians re- captured Jerusalem but many returned home and Muslims took it back again
Muslim leader the Crusaders lost Jerusalem to SALADIN
Why Crusaders sacked Constantinople in the 4 th Crusade They wanted the city’s wealth.
*Population declined *scarce labor *decline of feudalism *Church loses influence *trade decreased Results of the Black Death
*literate *worked in monasteries *translated Classic works into Latin CHURCH SCHOLARS
*Increased demand for luxury items from Mid East *credit and banks now used $$ effects of the Crusades
Middle Ages Battleship
European Christendom, I.Eastern Christendom: Byzantine Empire II.Western Christendom, III.Crisis & Technological Change, IV.Western.
476 A.D.480 A.D. After the Roman Empire fell in the west, Europe was taken over by Germanic Kingdoms (barbarians). Rome remains a center of the Christian.
Medieval Period 500CE-1500CE. 1. 1, , ,
In the Late Middle Ages. England William the Conqueror, leader of the Norman Conquest, conquered and united most of England. William the Conqueror Battle.
Middle Ages SOL Review #8
Germanic Invasion Notes
The Middle Ages SOL WHI.9 The gradual decline of the Roman Empire ushered in an era of European history called the Middle Ages or Medieval Period. It spanned.
Chapter 6: Medieval Europe
Taking place as a result of the gradual decline of the Roman Empire Primary unifying force in Western Europe = Roman Catholic Church (THE church)
The Medieval Ages Review. Why was this period referred to as “The Middle Ages”?
WHI: SOL 9a, b Early Middle Ages a.d..
■ Essential Question: – What was life like during the Middle Ages? ■ Warm-Up QUIZ: – What two groups settled together to make Russia? – What was Kiev?
RISE OF THE MIDDLE AGES. What happened to Europe when Rome fell?? After the Roman Empire broke up Europe was in disorder…BUT WHY?? After the Roman Empire.
The Byzantine Empire & Middle Ages
Early Middle Ages 500 to 1000 A.D..
Chapter 7: The Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages. The Middle Ages: 500 – 1500 The Medieval Period Rise of the Middle Ages Decline of the Roman Empire.
Hosted by Your History Teacher The Empires Religion Feudalism Random Popes & Crusades 100.
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