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American Federal Government Constitution. Article 1: CONGRESS –Section 1 - all legislative powers to Congress –Section 2 - Choosing of Representatives.

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Presentation on theme: "American Federal Government Constitution. Article 1: CONGRESS –Section 1 - all legislative powers to Congress –Section 2 - Choosing of Representatives."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Federal Government Constitution

2 Article 1: CONGRESS –Section 1 - all legislative powers to Congress –Section 2 - Choosing of Representatives elections every two years minimum age: 25 apportionment: every 10 years 3/5 compromise House chooses speaker House has sole power of impeachment

3 Constitution Article I –Section 3: Senate six year terms three “classes”: 1/3 of Senate elected every 2 years minimum age: 30 Vice-President is President of the Senate –Votes only in tiebreak situations Tries impeachments –Chief Justice of Supreme Court presides over impeachments

4 Constitution Article 1 –Section 4: elections to Congress State Legislatures decide Congress to meet at least once annually –Section 5 majority necessary for a quorum may expel members with 2/3 vote votes recorded if 1/5 of members request while in session, cannot adjourn for more than 3 days without consent of other chamber

5 Constitution Article 1 –Section 6: compensation Prohibition against holding concurrent offices –Section 7 Tax bills must begin in House All bills must pass House, Senate, and president must sign Veto power for president –Congress may override with 2/3 of both chambers

6 Constitution Article 1 –Section 8: Congressional powers taxation borrow money regulate interstate commerce coin money establish Post office establish courts declare war provide and maintain a navy necessary and proper (elastic) clause

7 Constitution Article 1 –Section 9: Restrictions on Congress Writ of habeus corpus shall not be suspended except under emergency situations No bills of attainder or ex post facto laws No taxes on goods exchanged between states No funds appropriated without a law No titles of nobility to be granted

8 Constitution Article II: PRESIDENCY –Section 1 executive power selection of electors to electoral college –# of Representatives + 2 minimum age: 35 years natural-born citizen succession to Vice-President in case of death, disability compensation

9 Constitution Article II –Section 2 President as commander in chief Power to make treaties with Senate approval Appoint ambassadors, cabinet, judges –Section 3 State of the Union - “from time to time” recommend measures to Congress convene Congress into special session receive ambassadors –Section 4 Impeachment: treason, bribery, other high crimes and misdemeanors

10 Constitution Article III: COURTS –Section 1 Supreme Court, life appointment –Section 2: jurisdiction: cases between states, federal government and states, foreign states jury trials –Section 3 treason requires at least 2 witnesses only person found guilty may be held responsible

11 Constitution Article IV: FULL FAITH & CREDIT –Section 1 State recognition of other states’ acts, laws, records –Section 2 privileges and immunities –Section 3 Admitting new states into Union: Congress –Section 4 each state entitled to a republican form of government

12 Constitution Article V: AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION –two-thirds of both chambers of Congress, three- fourths of state-legislatures ratify –two-thirds of states call for a convention, three- fourths ratify

13 Constitution Bill of Rights –First 10 Amendments –Amendment 1 (1791) no laws respecting establishment of religion; free exercise; freedom of speech, press; peaceful assembly; petitioning government –Amendment 2 (1791) keep and bear arms –Amendment 3 (1791) quartering of soldiers

14 Constitution Bill of Rights –Amendment 4 (1791) unreasonable searches and seizures –Amendment 5 (1791) self incrimination, double-jeopardy; due process of law; capital crimes & grand jury; “takings” –Amendment 6 (1791) speedy trial; jury of peers; right to confront accuser; assistance of counsel

15 Constitution Bill of Rights –Amendment 7 (1791) jury trial –Amendment 8 (1791) excessive bail; cruel and unusual punishment –Amendment 9 (1791) rights in constitution do not deny rights of others –Amendment 10 (1791) powers not delegated by the Constitution are retained by the states or the people

16 Constitution Other Amendments –Amendment 12 (1804) selection of president and vice president –Amendment 13 (1865) abolition of slavery –Amendment 14 (1865) citizenship; no state can deprive of life, liberty, property without due process of law –Amendment 15 (1870) voting rights of citizens regardless of race, color

17 Constitution Other Amendments –Amendment 16 (1913) income tax –Amendment 17 (1913) direct election of Senators –Amendment 18 (1919) prohibition of liquor (later repealed) –Amendment 19 (1920) women’s right to vote

18 Constitution Other Amendments –Amendment 20 (1933) Terms of President/Vice President start on January 20 Presidential succession; provision for congressional statute –Amendment 21 (1933) repeal of Amendment 18 (prohibition) –Amendment 22 (1951) president can only serve two terms

19 Constitution Other Amendments –Amendment 23 (1961) District of Columbia/electoral college representation –Amendment 24 (1964) elimination of poll tax –Amendment 25 (1967) presidential disability –Amendment 26 (1971) voting for 18 year-olds –Amendment 27 (1992) compensation for members of Congress/pay raises

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