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Chapter 8.  To form a more perfect Union  Framers wanted a unified nation  E Pluribus Unum  To establish justice  Unified legal system applied fairly.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 8.  To form a more perfect Union  Framers wanted a unified nation  E Pluribus Unum  To establish justice  Unified legal system applied fairly."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 8

2  To form a more perfect Union  Framers wanted a unified nation  E Pluribus Unum  To establish justice  Unified legal system applied fairly to all

3  To insure domestic tranquility  Peace and order at home  National Guard’s help after a disaster  To provide for the common defense  Power to raise armies and navies  Military under civilian control

4  To promote the general welfare  Well-being of all citizens  To secure the blessings of liberty  Many have fought and died for liberty  Amendments have extended liberty

5  To form a more perfect Union  To establish justice  To insure domestic tranquility  To provide for the common defense  To promote the general welfare  To secure the blessings of liberty

6  We the people of the United States,  in order to form a more perfect union,  establish justice,  insure domestic tranquility,  provide for the common defense,  promote the general welfare,  and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, of America.  do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

7  Articles I-III-Branches of government  Article IV-Relations among the states  Article V-Amending the Constitution  Article VI-National Supremacy  Article VII-Ratification

8  The first 10 were added in 1791  Since 1791, 17 more have been added  Bill of Rights 10+17=27 total amendments

9 Sovereignty-government gets its power from the people Government- government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it of Powers- government is divided into three branches to limit government’s power

10 and Balances- each branch can check, or limit, the other branches’ actions of power between the federal government and the states

11 elect representatives to take care of the government’s business Rights-citizens’ rights are protected under the Constitution (Bill of Rights)

12  Requirements  30 years old or older  Citizen of the US for at least 9 years  Resident of state in which elected  6 year terms  100 Senators total

13  Requirements  25 years old or older  Citizen of the US for at least 7 years  Resident of the state in which elected  2 year terms  435 Representatives

14  Requirements  35 years old or older  Natural-born citizen  Resident of the US for 14 years  4 year terms  1 team

15  Requirements  No Constitutional requirements  Lifetime appointment  9 total Supreme Court Justices

16  MOST IMPORTANT IS TO make the nations laws  Collect taxes  Borrow money  Coin money  Declare war  Elastic Clause-Congress can make all laws that are necessary and proper

17  Can override President’s veto  Confirms executive appointments  Ratifies treaties  Can declare war  Appropriates money  Can impeach and remove the President

18  Creates lower courts  Can impeach and remove judges  Can propose amendments to overrule judicial decisions  Approves appointments of federal judges

19  Carries out the nations laws  Directs foreign policy  Is Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces  Can make treaties and appoint ambassadors  Can grant pardons and call special sessions of Congress

20  Can propose laws  Can veto laws  Can call special sessions of Congress  Makes appointments  Negotiates foreign treaties

21  Appoints federal judges  Can grant pardons to federal offenders

22  Greatest power is to decide what the Constitution means

23  Can declare executive actions unconstitutional

24  Can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

25  First Amendment-protects basic individual liberties such as religion, speech, press, assembly and petition  Second Amendment-right to bear arms  Third Amendment-citizens cannot be forced to house troops  Fourth Amendment-guards against unlawful searches and seizures

26  Fifth Amendment-citizens cannot be forced to incriminate themselves  Sixth Amendment-right to speedy trial by jury  Seventh Amendment-right to jury trial in civil cases  Eighth Amendment-bans excessive bail and punishment

27  Ninth Amendment-citizens’ rights are not limited to the ones listed in the Bill of Rights  Tenth Amendment-all powers not given to the federal government are reserved for the people (states)

28  After the Bill of Rights, only 17 more amendments have been added to the Constitution  Civil War Amendments-expanded rights for African Americans  Nineteenth Amendment- guaranteed women the right to vote  Twenty-sixth Amendment-lowered the voting age from 21 to 18

29 State Governments Provided by Both Local Governments 1. Provide public health and welfare programs 2. Manages state parks and recreation areas 3. Builds and maintains highways, bridges, and tunnels 4. Issues license for professionals and drivers 5. Provide for education 6. Police maintain public safety 7. Hires or supports firefighters and garbage collectors 8. Maintains local roads and hospitals 9. Inspects buildings 10. Provides parks and libraries

30  Requirements for US citizenship  Born in the US or at least one parent is US citizen OR  Naturalized-legal process for becoming a US citizen OR  18 or younger when your parents were naturalized

31  Immigrant  Resident alien  Five year waiting period  Apply for citizenship  Complete an exam  Show “good moral character”  Interview  Take an Oath of Allegiance

32  Equal rights under the law  Not based on wealth or family  With these rights comes responsibilities  Freedom is not free

33  Patriotism-feeling of love and devotion to the US  Respect-for ourselves, others, property, and laws  Responsibilities and consequences  Courage-physical or moral courage

34  Voting-know the candidates and issues  Obey the Laws-know and follow the law  Defend the Nation-register for draft or volunteer to serve  Serve on Juries-take time to decide others fate  Serve the Community-volunteer, donate blood, give money and supplies  Be Informed-read the news and pay attention in class


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