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The US Constitution Chapter 8.

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Presentation on theme: "The US Constitution Chapter 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 The US Constitution Chapter 8

2 Goals of the Preamble To form a more perfect Union Framers wanted a unified nation E Pluribus Unum To establish justice Unified legal system applied fairly to all

3 Goals of the Preamble To insure domestic tranquility
Peace and order at home National Guard’s help after a disaster To provide for the common defense Power to raise armies and navies Military under civilian control

4 Goals of the Preamble To promote the general welfare
Well-being of all citizens To secure the blessings of liberty Many have fought and died for liberty Amendments have extended liberty

5 Goals of the Preamble To form a more perfect Union
To establish justice To insure domestic tranquility To provide for the common defense To promote the general welfare To secure the blessings of liberty

6 Preamble to the US Constitution
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

7 Articles (Body) of the Constitution
Articles I-III-Branches of government Article IV-Relations among the states Article V-Amending the Constitution Article VI-National Supremacy Article VII-Ratification

8 Since 1791, 17 more have been added
Amendments The first 10 were added in 1791 Since 1791, 17 more have been added Bill of Rights =27 total amendments

9 7 Principles of the Constitution
@Popular Sovereignty-government gets its power from the people @Limited Government- government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it @Separation of Powers- government is divided into three branches to limit government’s power

10 7 Principles continued @Checks and Balances- each branch can check, or limit, the other branches’ actions @Federalism-division of power between the federal government and the states

11 7 Principles continued @Republicanism-citizens elect representatives to take care of the government’s business @Individual Rights-citizens’ rights are protected under the Constitution (Bill of Rights)

12 Legislative Branch-Senator
Requirements 30 years old or older Citizen of the US for at least 9 years Resident of state in which elected  6 year terms  100 Senators total

13 Legislative Branch-Representative
Requirements 25 years old or older Citizen of the US for at least 7 years Resident of the state in which elected  2 year terms  435 Representatives

14 Executive Branch-Pres. And VP
Requirements 35 years old or older Natural-born citizen Resident of the US for 14 years  4 year terms  1 team

15 Judicial Branch-Supreme Court
Requirements No Constitutional requirements Lifetime appointment 9 total Supreme Court Justices

16 Legislative Branch-Powers
MOST IMPORTANT IS TO make the nations laws Collect taxes Borrow money Coin money Declare war Elastic Clause-Congress can make all laws that are necessary and proper

17 Legislative Branch-Checks on Ex. Branch
Can override President’s veto Confirms executive appointments Ratifies treaties Can declare war Appropriates money Can impeach and remove the President

18 Legislative Branch-Checks on Jud. Branch
Creates lower courts Can impeach and remove judges Can propose amendments to overrule judicial decisions Approves appointments of federal judges

19 Executive Branch-Powers
Carries out the nations laws Directs foreign policy Is Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Can make treaties and appoint ambassadors Can grant pardons and call special sessions of Congress

20 Executive Branch-Checks on Leg. Branch
Can propose laws Can veto laws Can call special sessions of Congress Makes appointments Negotiates foreign treaties

21 Executive Branch-Checks on Jud. Branch
Appoints federal judges Can grant pardons to federal offenders

22 Judicial Branch-Powers
Greatest power is to decide what the Constitution means

23 Judicial Branch-Checks on Ex. Branch
Can declare executive actions unconstitutional

24 Judicial Branch-Checks on Leg. Branch
Can declare acts of Congress unconstitutional

25 Bill of Rights First Amendment- protects basic individual liberties such as religion, speech, press, assembly and petition Second Amendment-right to bear arms Third Amendment-citizens cannot be forced to house troops Fourth Amendment-guards against unlawful searches and seizures

26 Bill of Rights Fifth Amendment-citizens cannot be forced to incriminate themselves Sixth Amendment-right to speedy trial by jury Seventh Amendment-right to jury trial in civil cases Eighth Amendment-bans excessive bail and punishment

27 Bill of Rights Ninth Amendment-citizens’ rights are not limited to the ones listed in the Bill of Rights Tenth Amendment-all powers not given to the federal government are reserved for the people (states)

28 Later Amendments After the Bill of Rights, only 17 more amendments have been added to the Constitution Civil War Amendments-expanded rights for African Americans Nineteenth Amendment- guaranteed women the right to vote Twenty-sixth Amendment-lowered the voting age from 21 to 18

29 State and Local Governments
State Governments Provided by Both Local Governments 1. Provide public health and welfare programs 2. Manages state parks and recreation areas 3. Builds and maintains highways, bridges, and tunnels 4. Issues license for professionals and drivers 5. Provide for education 6. Police maintain public safety 7. Hires or supports firefighters and garbage collectors 8. Maintains local roads and hospitals 9. Inspects buildings 10. Provides parks and libraries

30 US Citizenship Requirements for US citizenship
Born in the US or at least one parent is US citizen OR Naturalized-legal process for becoming a US citizen OR 18 or younger when your parents were naturalized

31 Steps of the Naturalization Process
Immigrant Resident alien Five year waiting period Apply for citizenship Complete an exam Show “good moral character” Interview Take an Oath of Allegiance

32 Rights and Responsibilities
Equal rights under the law Not based on wealth or family With these rights comes responsibilities Freedom is not free

33 Virtue and Values Patriotism-feeling of love and devotion to the US
Respect-for ourselves, others, property, and laws Responsibilities and consequences Courage-physical or moral courage

34 Responsibilities Voting-know the candidates and issues
Obey the Laws-know and follow the law Defend the Nation-register for draft or volunteer to serve Serve on Juries-take time to decide others fate Serve the Community-volunteer, donate blood, give money and supplies Be Informed-read the news and pay attention in class

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