Independent Clauses Group of words that has a subject and verb and can stand alone as a complete idea. Which ones are examples? I sharpened my pencil. My cat ran around the corner. Whenever I sharpen my pencil Until my cat ran around the corner
Dependent Clauses (subordinate clauses) Group of words that has a subject and verb but cannot stand alone as a complete idea. Whenever I sharpen my pencil Until my cat ran around the corner
Dependent clauses leave you wondering.... After Amy sneezed all over the salad, Once Adam smashed the spider, Until Mrs. Rhom finished her first Diet Mountain Dew, Who ate handfuls of prunes with his bare hands,
Introduced by Subordinating Conjunctions: (usually adverb clauses) Afteralthoughasbecausebefore Even ifevenifeventhoughin order Thatoncethatratherprovided Thansinceso thatthanthat Thoughunlessuntilwhenwhenever Wherewhereaswhilewhereverwhile why
Also introduced by Relative Pronouns: (usually adjective or noun clauses) Thatwhowhose Whichwhoeverwhosever Whicheverwhomwhomever
Punctuating Dependent Clauses Dependent clauses are baby clauses because they CANNOT stand alone Independent clauses are mama clauses because they CAN stand alone Just remember: Baby (comma) Mama Mama (no comma) Baby
Your turn: Create two sentences using two different vocabulary words – 1 st sentence -- use a dependent clause beginning with a relative pronoun – 2 nd sentence – use a dependent clause using a subordinating conjunction
Review Clauses What is a clause? What is the difference between a phrase and a clause? What is the name of a clause that can stand alone? What is the name of a clause that cannot stand alone?