2A clause, by definition, has a subject & a verb: We ran.Because he doesn’t know.They laughed.That he can see.If it doesn’t have both a subject & verb, it’s a phrase, not a clause:In the middle of the nightRunning after the carTo visit the sickCondemned to deathHis friend being sick
3There are 2 types of clause: dependent & independent There are 2 types of clause: dependent & independent. Independent clauses can stand on their own (i.e., they are sentences):Dependent clauses cannot stand alone. They’re dependent on & subordinate to another clause:We ran. He sat down.They laughed. You broke the chair.Because he doesn’t know.That he can see.Those ideas are subordinate to other ideas:(He didn’t answer) because he doesn’t know.(I’m thrilled) that he can see.Dependent clauses are also called subordinate clauses, since the idea they state is subordinate to another idea & clause.
4I know that you’re engaged. There are lots of SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS that can link a dependent clause to an independent clause: although, after, before, if, why, so that, since, until, etc.Subordinate clauses don’t just hang out looking for something to do; each has one of 3 functions: noun, adjective, adverb.I know what?Subject verb direct objectI know the truth.I know that you’re engaged.“The truth” & “that you’re engaged” are nouns & do the same thing: both are the direct object in the sentence.
5I know the tall man.I know the man who is wearing the hat.In the above sentences, “tall” & “who is wearing the hat” do the same thing: they tell us which man. So both are adjectives.He ran yesterday.He ran until he was tired.In the sentences above, “yesterday” & “until he was tired” answer the same question: WHEN did he run? So both are adverbs.
6ALL clauses are either noun, adjective, or adverb ALL clauses are either noun, adjective, or adverb. If they’re nouns, you can identify them by seeing if they act as a noun: subject, direct object, etc. If they’re adjectives, they identify a noun, tell which one. If they’re adverbs, they answer where, why, when, how, under what circumstances.USUALLY, noun clauses start with “what,” “which,” or “that.”USUALLY, adjective clauses start with “who,” “whom,” or “that.”USUALLY, any clause that doesn’t start with one of the aforementioned words is an adverb clause. Also, USUALLY, if you can’t figure out what the heck the clause is doing, it’s an adverb clause.
7Click here to go to your assignment. Then click here to go to the second one.Adverbial ClausesAdverbial Clauses - exercise 2Adverbial Clauses - exercise 3Adverbial Clauses - exercise 4Adverbial Clauses - exercise 5Adjectival ClausesAdjectival Clauses - exercise 2Adjectival Clauses - exercise 3Adjectival Clauses - exercise 4Adjectival Clauses - exercise 5Nominal ClausesNominal Clauses - exercise 2Nominal Clauses - exercise 3Nominal Clauses - exercise 4Nominal Clauses - exercise 5