Presentation on theme: "Medieval Europe The Middle Ages were a dark age for Europe. Near constant invasions and few resources required that Europeans develop a new system for."— Presentation transcript:
2Medieval EuropeThe Middle Ages were a dark age for Europe. Near constant invasions and few resources required that Europeans develop a new system for living. This system included all aspects of life, social, political, and economic. It was called Feudalism.
3Feudalism Feudalism dominated all aspects of medieval life. The economic portion of feudalism was centered around the lord's estates or manorA lord's manor would include all that was needed for village life
5ManorsManors were self sufficient; all economic activity occurred on the manor.So no trade neededMost of the peasants during the Middle Ages were serfs.Serfs were given land to farm in exchange for service to their lord. The lords had responsibilities also under this system. In return for the services and taxes paid by the peasants, they provided land and protection to them. Lords also had to pay fees and give service to high lords and the king. Feudalism affected all levels of society
6The Feudal System The Feudal System Kings Give large land grants to Upper Lords called fiefs Give Protection Receives money, military service, and adviceUpper Lords Give land grants to Lesser Lords Give Protection Receives money, military serviceLesser Lords Give land grants to knights Receives money, military serviceKnights Give land to peasants/serfs Receives crops, laborPeasants/ Serfs Receives land to farm Pays with labor, cropsThe Feudal SystemKings Give large land grants to Upper Lords called fiefs Give Protection Receives money, military service, and adviceUpper Lords Give land grants to Lesser Lords Give Protection Receives money, military serviceLesser Lords Give land grants to knights Receives money, military serviceKnights Give land to peasants/serfs Receives crops, laborPeasants/ Serfs Receives land to farm Pays with labor, crops
7The Age of CharlemagneAround 800 AD Western Europe was briefly unified.A Christian pope, proclaimed him “Emperor of the Romans”widening the split between Eastern and Western Christianity
8During the middle ages two distinct Christian churches emerged Roman CatholicEastern Orthodox
9Role of the Church Spiritual: Secular: Religion was a central part of life for medieval people from baptism to marriage.Secular:In addition to being the social center of the village, the church had economic power and political power.The Church was the largest landholder, gained wealth through tithing and had its own laws and courts which frequently clashed with King’s authority.
103 complete sentencesWould our country be a better place today if the church could still have influence over the gov’t.
11The Crusades In the 1050’s the Seljuk Turks invade the Byzantine empire and conquered Palestine or the Holy land.The Muslims and Jews also considered this their Holy Land.The Pope called for a crusade to free the Holy Land
12Reasons for the Crusades The Pope wanted to increase his powerChristians believed it was their duty to recover the Holy LandNobles wanted to gain wealth.Adventurers sought travel and excitementSerfs hoped to escape feudal oppression
14Impact of the CrusadesA major results of the Crusades, include Cultural Diffusion and an increase in trade. European interest in goods from the east was stimulated by returning Crusaders who brought back many things. As the Crusades ended, ships that were once used to carry soldiers to the Middle East, now carried trade goods. Merchants from rich Italian city states, such as Venice and Florence, dominated this trade.
15Trade Fairs and Growth of Cities Along the trade routes, trade fairs were established in towns with larger populations, or at major crossroads. Merchants and craftsman settled in these towns, and some grew to be cities of several thousand people. This fundamentally altered the way people lived in Europe, and marked the beginning of the end of feudalism as serfs began to pay their feudal obligations with cash instead of service. An economy based on money, not barter emerged.
16The Black DeathThe bubonic plague was a highly infectious disease spread by the fleas on rats. Rats were common in the cities of this time. This particular outbreak first appeared in China In the early 1300’s with deaths of about 35 million Chinese. It was a global epidemic that spread through the increased trade between counties. Between 1347 and 1353, the plague killed one person out of every three in Europe over 25 million.