2 Collapse of the roman empire Invasions by Arabs and Vikings led to economic troubles.Most of Europe would suffer economically, politically, and culturally for much of the Middle Ages.Without Rome’s organization, Eastern Europe fell apart.UnorganizedUneducatedPoorNo centralized government, each area took care of itself
3 Roman Catholic Church Only organized institution at this time HierarchyPopeArch BishopBishopPriestPeopleEveryone followed church rulesHersey – Speaking out against the church.Excommunication – Being kicked out of the church.
4 Feudalism A social, political, and economic system Organized system at a local levelBased on…Ownership of landObligations between Lords and VassalsSocial – Everyone had a permanent class (Nobles, Merchants, Peasants)Political – The Lord was the judge and jury (he was the government)Economic – Everyone got something through feudalism. Each person gave and received goods.Manoralism - all aspects of life were centered on the lord’s manor including peasant villages, a church, farm land, a mill, and the lord's castle or manor house.
5 CrusadesHoly Wars fought between Christians and Muslims over Holy Lands (Jerusalem)Reasons why Church started the Crusades…Wanted to take back Holy LandsGot rid of quarrelsome knightsMerchants profited through loans, leasing, and tradeReasons why people wanted to fight…Assured a place in heaven by PopeWanted adventureEscaped feudalismIncreased trade between Europe and Asia.Pope and Church power lessened, Kings power grew.Feudalism ended
6 The Black Death Also called the Black Plague and the Bubonic Plague 1/3 of the population of Europe diedBegan in AsiaPlague was carried by fleas on rats that came to Europe on shipsHad a significant negative impact on trade and society in EuropeProduction decreased and prices increased