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The Dark/Middle/Medieval Ages. BringOutYourDead I’m not Dead Yet! 10 20 30 40 50.

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Presentation on theme: "The Dark/Middle/Medieval Ages. BringOutYourDead I’m not Dead Yet! 10 20 30 40 50."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Dark/Middle/Medieval Ages

2 BringOutYourDead I’m not Dead Yet!

3 Question The Black Plague or Black Death was carried around the middle age world by which two creatures? The Black Plague or Black Death was carried around the middle age world by which two creatures?

4 Answer 1 – 10 Fleas and Rats Fleas and Rats

5 Question About when did the Black Death reach Europe? About when did the Black Death reach Europe?

6 Answer 1 – A.D./C.E A.D./C.E.

7 Question Why did the power/influence of the Catholic church decline after the Black Death/Plague? Why did the power/influence of the Catholic church decline after the Black Death/Plague?

8 Answer 1 – 30 The church was unable to stop the spread and effects of the Plague. The church was unable to stop the spread and effects of the Plague.

9 Question Image C on the chart below shows what? Image C on the chart below shows what?

10 Answer 1 – 40 A medieval doctor during the Plague. A medieval doctor during the Plague.

11 Question It is believed that the Black Plague originally came from where? It is believed that the Black Plague originally came from where?

12 Answer 1 – 50 East Asia (China) East Asia (China)

13 Question How did the Black Death or Bubonic Plague get to Europe? How did the Black Death or Bubonic Plague get to Europe?

14 Answer 2 – 10 Fleas jumped into traders packs in China carrying the plague. Fleas jumped into traders packs in China carrying the plague. The Plague travelled on fleas and rats through the trade routes and on ships to European trade ports where they were then carried into the heart of Europe and its cities. The Plague travelled on fleas and rats through the trade routes and on ships to European trade ports where they were then carried into the heart of Europe and its cities.

15 Question About how many people did the Black Death kill in Europe? About how many people did the Black Death kill in Europe?

16 Answer 2 – 20 1/3-1/2 of the population, about 25 million people. 1/3-1/2 of the population, about 25 million people.

17 Question Why was the Black Plague able to spread so easily in Europe? Why was the Black Plague able to spread so easily in Europe?

18 Answer 2 – 30 Trade routes and filthy/crowded city conditions where rats and fleas were nothing new. Trade routes and filthy/crowded city conditions where rats and fleas were nothing new.

19 Question How did the Black Death help with the decline of feudalism in Medieval Europe? How did the Black Death help with the decline of feudalism in Medieval Europe?

20 Answer 2 – 40 So many peasants died that lords became desperate for workers which made peasants realize how important they were to the lords so they began to negotiate for better wages and conditions. So many peasants died that lords became desperate for workers which made peasants realize how important they were to the lords so they began to negotiate for better wages and conditions. Also when manor lords died of the plague, peasants would run away. Also when manor lords died of the plague, peasants would run away.

21 Question What effect of the Crusades do we see illustrated in Map 1? What effect of the Crusades do we see illustrated in Map 1?

22 Answer 2 – 50 Growth of centralized nation states and an increase in the power of kings/monarchs. Growth of centralized nation states and an increase in the power of kings/monarchs.

23 Question Which map shows most closely how Europe looked in the EARLY middle ages? Which map shows most closely how Europe looked in the EARLY middle ages?

24 Answer 3 – 10 Map 2 Map 2

25 Question Name two effects of the Crusades on Europe. Name two effects of the Crusades on Europe.

26 Answer 3 – 20 Trade routes between Europe and the East are re-opened. Trade routes between Europe and the East are re-opened. Kings/Monarchs increased their power by raising money to finance and then leading Crusades. Kings/Monarchs increased their power by raising money to finance and then leading Crusades. Distrust between the Muslim world and Christian world. Distrust between the Muslim world and Christian world.

27 Question What change in the middle east would eventually lead to the Crusades? What change in the middle east would eventually lead to the Crusades?

28 Answer 3 – 30 The Ottoman Turks took control of the Holy Land and the routes used by Christian pilgrims, ending the almost 400 years of toleration and persecuting Christians. The Ottoman Turks took control of the Holy Land and the routes used by Christian pilgrims, ending the almost 400 years of toleration and persecuting Christians. When they threatened Constantinople, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire asked the Pope for help. When they threatened Constantinople, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire asked the Pope for help.

29 Question The Crusades were fought between which two groups? The Crusades were fought between which two groups?

30 Answer 3 – 40 European Christians and Muslims. European Christians and Muslims.

31 Question Overall, how did the Crusades end for the Christian Knights? Overall, how did the Crusades end for the Christian Knights?

32 Answer 3 – 50 Failed to achieve any significant gains in the Holy Land. Failed to achieve any significant gains in the Holy Land.

33 Question What city was the primary goal for the Crusading Christians? What city was the primary goal for the Crusading Christians?

34 Answer 4 – 10 Jerusalem Jerusalem

35 Question The First Crusade was called for by who (name and title) and when (year)? The First Crusade was called for by who (name and title) and when (year)?

36 Answer 4 – 20 Pope Urban II 1096 A.D./C.E. Pope Urban II 1096 A.D./C.E.

37 Question For most historians, the middle ages began after what major historical event? For most historians, the middle ages began after what major historical event?

38 Answer 4 – 30 The fall of Rome 476 A.D./C.E. The fall of Rome 476 A.D./C.E.

39 Question Why do we refer to this time period as the “Middle Ages”? What is it in the middle of? Why do we refer to this time period as the “Middle Ages”? What is it in the middle of?

40 Answer 4 – 40 It falls between the Classical Greek/Roman civilizations and the Modern Era beginning with the age of exploration. It falls between the Classical Greek/Roman civilizations and the Modern Era beginning with the age of exploration.

41 Question Name three major agricultural improvements that had a dramatic impact on Europe. Name three major agricultural improvements that had a dramatic impact on Europe.

42 Answer 4 – 50 Iron plow Iron plow Horse collar/harness Horse collar/harness 3 field rotation system 3 field rotation system

43 Question How did new technology and changes in agricultural practices help weaken feudalism? How did new technology and changes in agricultural practices help weaken feudalism?

44 Answer 5 – 10 Changes/technology led to crop surplus’ so the European population nearly tripled providing more workers than were needed. Lords allowed peasants to sell their surplus and sometimes would let them buy their freedom. Changes/technology led to crop surplus’ so the European population nearly tripled providing more workers than were needed. Lords allowed peasants to sell their surplus and sometimes would let them buy their freedom.

45 Question The single most unifying and influential force in medieval society was who/what? The single most unifying and influential force in medieval society was who/what? Most important/central part of everyone’s life. Most important/central part of everyone’s life.

46 Answer 5 – 20 The Catholic Church The Catholic Church

47 Question In the feudal system, vassal’s pledges were often very complex because? In the feudal system, vassal’s pledges were often very complex because?

48 Answer 5 – 30 Vassals often made multiple pledges to lords so if those lords were in conflict with each other, the vassal had to fulfill his obligations to both sides. Vassals often made multiple pledges to lords so if those lords were in conflict with each other, the vassal had to fulfill his obligations to both sides.

49 Question What empire do we see here in the pinkish color? What empire do we see here in the pinkish color?

50 Answer 5 – 40 The Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. The Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire.

51 Question The two main items traded between the areas of letter A and B during the middle ages were… The two main items traded between the areas of letter A and B during the middle ages were…

52 Answer 5 – 50 Salt and gold Salt and gold


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