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Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 SECTION Russians.

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Presentation on theme: "Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 SECTION Russians."— Presentation transcript:

1 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500 QUIT Chapter Overview Time Line Visual Summary SECTION Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 SECTION Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 SECTION Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 11 CHAPTER MAP GRAPH

2 HOME Chapter Overview The Roman Empire splits in two and the Byzantine Empire develops in the East. Through trade, Byzantine ideas influence the culture and religion of Russia. Turks adopt Islam and set up an empire in Persia and the eastern flank of Byzantium. Christians and Muslims battle during the Crusades. Mongol invaders bring down the Turks. 11 CHAPTER Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500

3 527 Justinian becomes ruler of Byzantine Empire. 850s Byzantine culture spreads to Russia Christianity splits into Roman Catholic and Orthodox branches Kiev destroyed by Mongols. 11 CHAPTER Time Line HOME 1480 Ivan III ends Mongol control of Russia. Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500–1500

4 The Byzantine Empire, or new Rome, develops in the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire. The emperor of the new Rome builds up eastern culture. The Church splits into the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches. Overview Assessment Key Idea Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 MAP HOME

5 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW Constantinople ruled an eastern empire that survived for over a thousand years. Byzantine culture deeply influenced Orthodox Christianity, a major branch of modern Christianity. Overview Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 Assessment Justinian Code Hagia Sophia patriarch icon iconoclast excommunication schism Cyrillic alphabet TERMS & NAMES HOME MAP

6 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List Justinians accomplishments as emperor of the New Rome. Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 Section 1 Assessment continued... HOME MAP Conquered most of Italy and parts of Spain Established Justinian Code Rebuilt Constantinoples fortifications Built aqueducts, courts, schools, hospitals Encouraged trade, education Rebuilt the Hagia Sophia Justinian Enlarged his palace

7 2. Why do you think Justinian decided in the late 520s that it was the right time to reform Roman law? THINK ABOUT Section Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 1 Assessment the situation of the empire the role of laws in societies the state of Roman laws before reform ANSWER continued... The Byzantine Empire had a separate government and character from that of the West. It needed its own organized system of laws to regulate life in this new era. Roman law was disorganized and contradictory and so needed reform. Possible Responses: HOME MAP

8 3. Do you think the differences between the Eastern and Western churches could have been reconciled before the Church split? Why? Section Byzantium Becomes the New Rome 1 1 Assessment ANSWER YesBoth sides could have united over the icon issue. NoDifferences in beliefs about divorce and marriage for priests might have been too deep for compromise. Possible Responses: HOME MAP End of Section 1

9 Russian culture develops from a blending of Slavic and Viking peoples. Through trade, Greek Byzantine culture influences Russian culture. Before the Mongol invasions, Kiev is the center of Russian culture. Eventually, Moscow becomes the dominant cultural center. Overview Assessment Key Idea Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 HOME

10 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 Russia grew out of a blending of Slavic and Byzantine cultures with Eastern Orthodox traditions. The early history of Russia separated it from the West, causing mutual misunder- standings that still exist today. Overview Assessment Slavs boyars Olga Vladimir Yaroslav the Wise Alexander Nevsky czar MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME

11 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the effects of Mongol rule in Russia. Section 2 Assessment continued... HOME NoblesChurchPeople Moscow Princes Collected tribute; put down revolts Tolerated by Mongols; acted as link between Mongols and Russians Paid high taxes; developed a devotion to icons Became tax collectors for Mongols; gained control of small states around Moscow

12 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 2. How did Vladimirs conversion to Christianity affect the citizens, society, and government of Kiev? THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment the laws he passed the customs he encouraged the policies he followed ANSWER continued... HOME Vladimirs subjects were required to convert to Christianity. Byzantine teachers taught religion to the Kievans. The prince became head of the Church in Kiev. Possible Responses:

13 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture 2 3. The Mongols were fierce conquerors, and their rule cut Russia off from the rest of the world. Even so, their policies helped to pull Russia together as a territory. How? THINK ABOUT Section 2 Assessment Mongol policies in Russia the Churchs attitude toward the Mongols the role and power of the nobility ANSWER HOME Independent principalities were unified. Russian religion and culture were preserved. The Church sanctioned Mongol rule, thus giving its approval to the new unified territory. The nobility retained some authority. Possible Responses: End of Section 2

14 Nomadic Turks known as Seljuks capture Baghdad from the Persians. The Turks and Persians form a strong bond because of the Turks support of Persian culture. A lack of leadership, the Crusades, and Mongol invasions bring an end to the Seljuk Empire. Overview Assessment Key Idea Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 HOME GRAPH

15 Turkish people converted to Islam and founded new empires that would renew Muslim civilization. In the 20th century, the collapse of the Turkish empire left ethnic and religious hostilities that still affect the world. Overview Assessment mamelukes Seljuks vizier Malik Shah 3 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia GRAPH

16 3 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List several events in the last 200 years of the Abassid Empire. Section 3 Assessment continued... HOME Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 756 Spain breaks away. 788 Morocco breaks away. 800 Tunisia breaks away. 809 Parts of Persia are lost. 868 Abbasids lose control of Egypt. 945 Baghdad falls to Persians. GRAPH

17 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER The Turks looked to the Persians for religious and cultural guidance. The Turks adopted the language and customs of the Persians. Persians held powerful offices in the Turkish government. Possible Responses: 2. In what ways would it be accurate to say that the Persians actually won over their Turkish conquerors? THINK ABOUT religion culture political influence HOME Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia GRAPH continued...

18 3 Section 3 Assessment ANSWER AbbasidsMade Baghdad their capital; mamelukes gained power over Abbasid caliphs. PersiansCaptured Baghdad in 945; caliph lost political power to the sultan. SeljuksCaptured Baghdad in 1055; supported Persian culture MongolsOccupied Baghdad in 1258; burned down the caliphs palace and executed the last caliph Possible Responses: 3. Between Abbasid and Mongol rule, Baghdad was occupied and governed by four different powers Abbasids, Persians, Seljuks, and Mongols. Summarize important events and features of those occupations. HOME Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia End of Section 3 GRAPH


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