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World History Unit 3 An Age of Exchange and Encounter: 500 to A.D. 1500.

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Presentation on theme: "World History Unit 3 An Age of Exchange and Encounter: 500 to A.D. 1500."— Presentation transcript:

1 World History Unit 3 An Age of Exchange and Encounter: 500 to A.D. 1500

2 Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, A.D. Section 2 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome

3 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500– CHAPTER Time Line Justinian becomes ruler of Byzantine Empire. 850s Byzantine culture spreads to Russia Christianity splits into Roman Catholic and Orthodox branches Kiev destroyed by Mongols Ivan III ends Mongol control of Russia.

4 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Objectives To describe Byzantine politics and the rise of Emperor Justinian. To describe Justinian’s achievements, and life in Constantinople. To characterize Byzantine education. To identify the causes of the Byzantine Empire’s collapse To explain why the Eastern and Western churches created two traditions. Vocabulary: Justianian Code, Hagia Sophia, patriarch, icon, iconoclast, excommunication, schism, Cyrillic alphabet

5 The New Rome Capital –Constantinople –Constantine AD Justinian AD –Belisarius recovered most of empire –‘New’ Caesar ruled state and church absolute power New Rome –Greek not Latin –Justinian Code single, uniform civil law code –4 parts serves for 900 years

6 Life in Constantinople Rebuilding a New Rome –rebuilt fortress-like city palace –intensive church-building church and state Hagia Sophia –Christianity’s most splendid –law courts, schools, hospitals Hippodrome –chariot races –riots (Theodora) Education –Greek and Roman literature Homer, Euclid, Herodotus –girls home schooled

7 Byzantine Decline Justinian’s Plague AD –bubonic plague 8-12 years –10,000 deaths a day Attacks –Germanic tribes in west Crusades in 1204 –Slavs in the north Russians –Sassanid in east –Islam from the south Fall –Ottoman Turks in 1453

8 A Church Divided Eastern Orthodox –patriarch heads church with bishops –icons religious images; banned in east by Leo III iconoclasts - icon-breakers restored by Theodora Roman Catholic –excommunication Byzantine emperor over icons 1054 –pope versus patriarch –schism split in two churches Cyrillic alphabet –Saints Methodius and Cyril

9 Byzantium Becomes the New Rome Section 1 Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List Justinian’s accomplishments as emperor of the New Rome. Justinian Conquered most of Italy and parts of Spain Rebuilt the Hagia Sophia Established Justinian Code Enlarged his palace Encouraged trade, education Built aqueducts, courts, schools, hospitals Rebuilt Constantinople’s fortifications

10 Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, A.D. Section 2 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture

11 Objectives To summarize the Slavic, Greek, and Viking roots of Russia and Russian culture. To describe the rise and fall of the principality of Kiev. To explain how the Mongol invasions united Russia and empowered Moscow. Vocabulary: Slavs, boyars, Olga, Vladimer, Yaroslav the Wise, Alexander Nevsky, czar

12 Slavic and Greek Cultures Slavs –people from Black Sea forests –farmers and traders Varangians (Rus) –Vikings from Scandanavia –boyars - nobles –Novgorod 1st important city –Kiev trade with Byzantines Christianity –Princess Olga 1st to convert –Vladimir Kievan Christian conversion

13 Kievan Russia Yaroslav the Wise –Vladimir’s son –legal code for property / commerce Kievan Decline –division of empire –Crusade’s impact Mongol Rise s –Genghis Khan –rule southern Russia 200 years –Khanate of the Golden Horde Slavic obedience massive tribute –Alexander Nevsky

14 Moscow Saint Alexander Nevsky –military hero; church defender Moscow –founded 1100 –Iine of Ivan princeships Ivan III –1st czar; Caesar married Byzantine princess –Ugra River bloodless standoff

15 Russians Adapt Byzantine Culture Section 2 Assessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. Explain the effects of Mongol rule in Russia. NoblesChurchPeople Moscow Princes Collected tribute; put down revolts Tolerated by Mongols; acted as link between Mongols and Russians Paid high taxes; developed a devotion to icons Became tax collectors for Mongols; gained control of small states around Moscow

16 Chapter 11 Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, A.D. Section 3 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia

17 Objectives To describe the rise of the Seljuk Turks and their impact on Persian culture. To explain how internal problems and foreign attack ended Seljuk power. Vocabulary: mamelukes, Seljuks, vizier, Malik Shah

18 Rise of the Turks Turks –nomadic herders, horsemen fierce warriors –mamelukes Turkish military slaves –Abbasid Empire (Persian) after 945, religious leader only Seljuks –migrated into Abbasid Islamic conversion (Shi’a) –capture Baghdad –Anatolia Battle of Manzikert (1071) –courting of Persians strong support; influence

19 Seljuk Turks Malik Shah - ( ) –last great Seljuk sultan vizier –prime minister –collection of minor kingdoms Crusades –1095 Edict Pope Urban II –1099 capture Jerusalem –1187 Saladin recaptures Jerusalem Mongols –1200 (Genghis Khan)

20 Turkish Empires Rise in Anatolia 3 SectionAssessment 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List several events in the last 200 years of the Abassid Empire. 756 Spain breaks away. 788 Morocco breaks away. 800 Tunisia breaks away. 809 Parts of Persia are lost. 868 Abbasids lose control of Egypt. 945 Baghdad falls to Persians.


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