2 Themes in Russian History Expansion by conquest.Need for warm-water ports.The necessity of a strong, central government.
3 Kievan RusBegun by invasion of Viking tribes – also known as Slavs – from north of the Baltic.Both trade partner and sometime enemy of the Byzantine Empire.
4 Kievan RusDuring Roman times, the Slavs expanded into southern Russia. Like the Germanic peoples who pushed into western Europe, the Slavs had a simple political organization divided into clans. They lived in small villages, farmed, and traded along the rivers that ran between the Baltic and the Black seas.In the 700s and 800s, the Vikings steered their long ships out of Scandinavia. These expert sailors were as much at home on Russian rivers as on the stormy Atlantic. The Vikings, called Varangians by later Russians, worked their way south along the rivers, trading with and collecting tribute from the Slavs. They also conducted a thriving trade with Constantinople.Located at the heart of this vital trade network was the city of Kiev. In time, it would become the center of the first Russian state.
7 Rulers of the Kievan Rus Vladimir I (980) (980) Vladimir I – Extremely war-like ruler of Kiev. Invited missionaries from Judaism, Islam and Christianity to offer reasons for conversion.Married the Byzantine emperor’s sister.Brought Christianity and Greco-Roman civilization to Russia.
8 Rulers of the Kievan Rus Yaroslav I (1010 – 1054) Created a Russian law code based on Justinian’s Code.Instituted a Golden Age of Kievan Russia. Built churches and a new capital city.Allied Russia with the rest of Europe by marrying his children to European rulers.
9 Early Byzantine Influences: Orthodox Christianity Expansion of Byzantine culture northward was through conversion of Kiev to Orthodox Christianity
10 Early Byzantine Influences: Orthodox Christianity Religious artifacts included churches, icons, and liturgical music as expressed in Byzantine culture
11 Influenced by Byzantine Politics Russia adopted the concept of divinely inspired monarchy with close relations to state-controlled churchWere unable to adopt the Byzantine trained bureaucracy however
12 Early Byzantine Influences: Cyrillic Alphabet Byzantine missionaries, Cyril and Methodius sent to convert eastern Europe and the Balkans created the script
13 Battle on the Ice (Neva River) Against the Swedes Alexander Nevsky:Battle on the Ice (Neva River) Against the SwedesTeutonic Knight
15 The Mongols Invade Russia Tartars conquered Russian cities during the 13th century and left Russian church and aristocracy intact, as long as tribute was paid.
16 “Third Rome”Russians re-emerged after Mongol control ended in the 15th century and claimed to be the successors of the Roman and Byzantine statesMoscow was considered to be the “Third Rome”
17 Rulers of the Kievan Rus Ivan the Great (1462-1505) ( ) Ivan III or Ivan the Great – absolute ruler. Took the title of czarCzar – Absolute ruler of Russia: from Roman word – CaesarDefeated the Mongols, who had gained control of RussiaExtended Russian territory
18 Byzantine Influence on Russia Kiev small Viking state on Dnieper RiverRiver provided easy access to sea promotes trade and cultural diffusionLays foundations for modern Russia
19 Byzantine Influence on Russia Olga, Vladimir, & Conversion to ChristianityPrincess Olga visits Constantinople in 957 and converts to ChristianityVladimirOlga’s grandsonDecides his realm should adopt an official religionCommissions a report on the three major religionsChristianity, Judaism, and IslamAdopts ChristianityBaptizes all citizens of Kiev in the Dnieper RiverImports teachers from the Byzantine Empire
20 Byzantine Influence on Russia GovernmentAutocracyCzar (Tsar)
21 Byzantine Influence on Russia ArchitectureOnion Dome