3 Eastern Roman EmpireThe city of Constantinople has been known through the ages under a large number of different names.It was first known as Byzantium. The capital of the Eastern Roman empire was moved from Rome to Byzantium in Anatolia.Byzantium was renamed Constantinople after the Roman Emperor Constantine around 330 AD. Constantinople was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire until around 395 AD when it became the capital of the Byzantine Empire.
5 Diocletian Divides the Empire In 284 AD, the emperor Diocletian divided the Roman empire into four administrative districts, one of which was the East.
6 Role of Constantinople Seat of the Byzantine Empire until Ottoman conquestPreserved classical Greco-Roman cultureCenter of Trade
7 In 1453 the Ottoman Turkish Empire will conquer the Byzantine Empire and Constantinople will become their capital.The Ottoman Empire will fall after the First World War in 1922.
8 ConstantinopleConstantinople provided political, economic, and military advantages such as:Protection of the eastern frontierDistance from the Germanic invasions in the western empireCrossroads of tradeEasily fortified site on a peninsula bordering a natural harbor
9 It is located on the Bosphorus Strait, and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country.It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only city in the world which is situated on two continents.
11 The Roman Empire was split between into the Western Empire, centering on Rome, and the Eastern Empire, centering on Constantinople.The Western Roman Empire fell in 476 AD. The eastern half will become the Byzantine Empire.
12 Justinian I will become the Byzantine Emperor in 527 AD. Justinian became universally famous because of his legislative work, remarkable for its sweeping character.In 529 he revised and codified the ancient Roman legal code, a collection of laws that came to be referred to as the "Justinian's Code".This law code will provide the basis for the law code of Western Europe.
13 Jump Who divided the Roman Empire into West and East Rome? What emperor adopted Christianity?What is the capital of the Byzantine Empire? AND what are two other of it’s names throughout history?Who is Justinian and what did he do?What is the split in the Catholic Church called and what sect has been created?
15 JustinianUnder Justinian the Byzantine Empire reached its height in culture and prosperity. Emperor Justinian influenced the expansion of the Byzantine Empire in the following ways:Codification of Roman Law (impact on European legal codes)Reconquest of former Roman territoriesExpansion of Trade
16 Justinian Conquered most of Italy and parts of Spain Established Justinian CodeRebuilt Constantinople’s fortificationsRebuilt Hagia SophiaEnlarged his palaceBuilt Aqueducts, Courts, Schools, and HospitalsEncouraged Trade and Education
20 Greek and Roman Culture Greek and Roman traditions were preserved by the Byzantine Empire. Greek and Roman culture survived with the Byzantine Empire in the following ways:Greek language (as contrasted with Latin in the West)Greek Orthodoxy ChristianityGreek and Roman knowledge preserved in Byzantine libraries.
21 The Great SchismThe Cultural and political differences between the eastern and western Roman Empire weakened the unity of the Christian Church and led to its division.The primary causes of the Schism, or break of the Christian Church, were disputes over papal authority— the Western Pope claimed he held authority over the four Eastern patriarchs.
22 The Orthodox Patriarch stated that the Bishop of Rome (i. e The Orthodox Patriarch stated that the Bishop of Rome (i.e. The Pope) has authority only over his own diocese and does not have any authority outside his diocese.In 1054 each official (the Pope and the Patriarch) excommunicated each other.The Christian Church was divided between the Western Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church.
23 The Church The Church split in 1054 over: The Liturgy: Rome (Latin) Constantinople (Greek)Authority of the Pope:Rome (Pope was in charge following the line from Peter)Constantinople (center of power)Practices:Celibacy (accepted in Rome, not in Constantinople)Divorce and Marriage (Constantinople, not Rome)Iconoclastic Controversy:Idol worship? Dispute over the use of icons
24 Eastern and Western Church Eastern ChurchCentered in ConstantinopleClose to the seat of power after Constantinople became capitalUsed Greek language in LiturgyWestern ChurchCentered in RomeFarther from the seat of power after Constantinople became capitalUsed Latin in Liturgy
25 11th Century differences between Two Christian Traditions Roman Catholic ChurchServices conducted in Latin.The pope has authority over the other bishops.The pope claims authority over all kings and emperors.Priests may not marry.Divorce is not permitted.Eastern OrthodoxyServices are conducted in Greek or local languages.The patriarch and other bishops head the church as a group.The emperor claims authority over the patriarch and other bishops of the empire.Priests may be married.Divorce is allowed under certain conditions.
26 Divisions between Eastern and Western Churches Authority of the Pope eventually accepted in the West. Authority of the Patriarch accepted in the East.Practices such as celibacy eventually accepted in the West.Differences between the Eastern and Western Roman Empire weakened the unity of the Christian Church and led to its division.
27 Greek Orthodox Church inspired Byzantine Art and Architecture Inspired by Christian religion and imperial powerUsed Icon (Religious Images) –caused some trouble (Iconoclast)Mosaics in public and religious structuresEx: Hagia Sophia (St. Sophia) a Byzantine domed church
31 Byzantine civilization and Russia Byzantine civilization influenced Russian and Eastern European civilizations through its religion, culture, and trade.Trade routes between Black Sea and Baltic SeaRussia and much of Eastern Europe adopted Orthodoxy Christianity.Russia and Eastern Europe adopted Greek alphabet into the Slavic language because of the missionary work of St. Cyril (Cyrillic alphabet)Inspired church architecture and religious art