2 Preview Questions How did Justinian extend Byzantine power? What were the key elements of Byzantine Christianity?Why did the Byzantine empire collapse?What was the heritage of the Byzantine empire?
3 The Growth of Byzantine Power The eastern Roman empire became known as the Byzantine empire.ConstantinopleCenter of the empireFavorable location for tradeWealth and splendor
4 The Growth of Byzantine Power A Blending of CulturesPromoted Greek, Roman, and Christian cultures
5 The Age of Justinian Wanted his empire to be as great as ancient Rome Ruled as an autocrat and had power over the ChurchOrganized laws – known as Justinian’s CodeAutocrat: A sole ruler with complete authority
6 The Age of JustinianJustinian launched a building program in Constantinople. The greatest achievement was the church of the Hagia Sophia.
7 The Age of Justinian Changing Fortunes Many attacks came from groups such as the Turks, Persians, Slavs, Vikings, and MongolsArab armies gained control of much of the Mediterranean, but the empire survived due to their strong government and economy
8 Byzantine Christianity Emperor controlled Church affairsRuled by a patriarchClergy may marryUsed Greek as language of ChurchGreatest Holy Day is EasterKnown as Orthodox Christianity
9 Byzantine Christianity SchismA dispute over the use of icons led to a schismByzantine Christians prayed to iconsRoman Christians condemned as “idol worshipping”Pope and patriarch excommunicated each otherFourth Crusade worsened divisionsIcons: Holy imagesSchism: Permanent split or division
10 Crisis and Collapse Reasons For Decline Struggles over succession Wars Growth of Western EuropeInvasion by Seljuk TurksThe CrusadesRise of Ottoman Turks
11 Crisis and Collapse Constantinople Falls Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453 and renamed it IstanbulMuslim influences replace Christian ones.
12 The Byzantine Heritage Blended Christian beliefs with Greek learningPreserved classical learningExpanded Roman architecture and law