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The Byzantine Empire Section 9-1.

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Presentation on theme: "The Byzantine Empire Section 9-1."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Byzantine Empire Section 9-1

2 Preview Questions How did Justinian extend Byzantine power?
What were the key elements of Byzantine Christianity? Why did the Byzantine empire collapse? What was the heritage of the Byzantine empire?

3 The Growth of Byzantine Power
The eastern Roman empire became known as the Byzantine empire. Constantinople Center of the empire Favorable location for trade Wealth and splendor

4 The Growth of Byzantine Power
A Blending of Cultures Promoted Greek, Roman, and Christian cultures

5 The Age of Justinian Wanted his empire to be as great as ancient Rome
Ruled as an autocrat and had power over the Church Organized laws – known as Justinian’s Code Autocrat: A sole ruler with complete authority

6 The Age of Justinian Justinian launched a building program in Constantinople. The greatest achievement was the church of the Hagia Sophia.

7 The Age of Justinian Changing Fortunes
Many attacks came from groups such as the Turks, Persians, Slavs, Vikings, and Mongols Arab armies gained control of much of the Mediterranean, but the empire survived due to their strong government and economy

8 Byzantine Christianity
Emperor controlled Church affairs Ruled by a patriarch Clergy may marry Used Greek as language of Church Greatest Holy Day is Easter Known as Orthodox Christianity

9 Byzantine Christianity
Schism A dispute over the use of icons led to a schism Byzantine Christians prayed to icons Roman Christians condemned as “idol worshipping” Pope and patriarch excommunicated each other Fourth Crusade worsened divisions Icons: Holy images Schism: Permanent split or division

10 Crisis and Collapse Reasons For Decline Struggles over succession Wars
Growth of Western Europe Invasion by Seljuk Turks The Crusades Rise of Ottoman Turks

11 Crisis and Collapse Constantinople Falls
Ottoman Turks captured Constantinople in 1453 and renamed it Istanbul Muslim influences replace Christian ones.

12 The Byzantine Heritage
Blended Christian beliefs with Greek learning Preserved classical learning Expanded Roman architecture and law

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