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Carbohydrates Function: main source of energy Main foods: starches and sugars
Complex carbohydrates (starches) Function: energy Main Foods: legumes, grains
Dietary Fibre (Insoluble) Function: i) function of intestines ii) lowers colon cancer risk Main Foods: fruits, vegetables, bran
Dietary Fibre (soluble) Function: reduces blood cholesterol levels Main Foods: Legumes, lentils, oats
Simple Carbohydrates Function: energy Main Foods: fruits – fructose grain – maltose milk – lactose refined - sucrose
Proteins Function: growth and repair (muscles, skin, hair, eyes, bones) Main Foods: meat, fish, poultry, seafood, eggs, dairy, legumes, grains
Complete Proteins Function: supplies the nine amino acids that the body cannot make Main Foods: meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, soy
Incomplete Proteins Function: lacking some amino acids Main Foods: legumes and grains
Fats Function: cell growth, vitamin absorption, energy Main Foods: oils, meats, fish, seeds, dairy, nuts
Cholesterol Function: digestion of fat, production of vitamin D Main Foods: meats, also manufactured in our livers
Saturated Function: raises LDL cholesterol levels Main Foods: butter, palm oil, coconut oil
Polyunsaturated Function: lowers cholesterol levels Main Foods: vegetable oils
Monounsaturated Function: lowers LDL cholesterol levels Main Foods: olive oil, avocado, peanuts, canola oil
Vitamins Function: antioxidants, immune system, metabolism Main Foods: all food, especially fruits and vegetables
Water soluble vitamins Function: soluble in water, vitamin C, vitamin B Main Foods: citrus, grains
Fat soluble vitamins Function: absorbed and transported by fat (vitamins A E D K) Main Foods: oils, milk, green, yellow, orange and red vegetables, grains
Minerals Function: strong bones and teeth, metabolism Main Foods: all food
Major minerals Function: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium Main Foods: milk, leafy vegetables, legumes, grains
Trace minerals Function: iron, copper, zinc, iodine, selenium Main Foods: healthy diet, whole foods
Water Function: blood 80% water, chemical reactions, waste removal Found in foods and water
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Fats/Vitamins/Minerals. LDL Low-density lipoprotein (“Bad” Cholesterol) Is a chemical that takes cholesterol from the liver to wherever it is needed in.
Nutrients: › Substances that helps our body process, grow and repair › Found in food › Provide energy Essential Nutrients: › Protein, Fat, Carbohydrates,
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The Nutrients You Need. The Six Main Nutrients Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Proteins Proteins Fats Fats Vitamins Vitamins Minerals Minerals Water Water.
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Six Basic Nutrients Chapter 12 Section 1. Carbohydrates (65% of your diet) Definition = A class of nutrients that contains sugars and starches and is.
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Teen Living Objective 7.02 Assess Personal Eating Habits
Paul & Jim Wang Computers 8 So much veggies! Eeeek!
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Nutrition and nutrients Nutrition: What you eat! Nutrients: For the human body to function it must have these 7: proteins, carbohydrates, fats and oils,
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