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Nutrition Knowledge By: Lily Ballantyne Block: 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Nutrition Knowledge By: Lily Ballantyne Block: 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Nutrition Knowledge By: Lily Ballantyne Block: 1

2 Water  Helps blood & cells (transports nutrients)  Digesting food also removing toxic waste  Not enough water  dehydration  Dehydration  body retains water  3% Earth’s water is fresh  Humans cannot drink salt water  Foods: fluids, vegetables, fruits, etc…

3 Vitamins  Help grow and develop, each has special role  Fat-Soluble Vitamins: A, D, E & K  found in: leafy greens, fish, egg yolks, grains, dairy etc…  Water-Soluble Vitamins: B & C  found in: citrus fruits, grains, seafood, meats, eggs, dairy etc…  Water-soluble Facts:, B Vitamin (B1, B2, B6, B12): energy, Vitamin C: Body tissue  Fat-soluble Facts: Vitamin A: eyes, Vitamin D: bones, Vitamin E: protects, Vitamin K: Clots

4 Protein  Protein builds, maintains, and replaces tissues  Complete, contains all nine amino acids  Found in: meat, eggs, dairy, nuts etc…  Incomplete missing 1 or more amino acids  Found in: seeds, vegetables etc…  skin, muscle, blood, bones etc… made of protein  20 amino acids  9 essential  Only substance needed more: water

5 Fibre  Good for you and your bowels  Soluble fibre- shown to lower cholesterol  Insoluble fibre- not dissolve in water  Fiber itself has no calories  Lower blood cholesterol, diabetes and heart disease  Fibre make us feel full  Found in whole-grains, fruits, vegetables etc…

6 Minerals  Growth, develop, health, ex. Bones  Macro-mineral  calcium, sodium, potassium, chloride, etc…  Found in dairy, bananas, tomatoes  Trace minerals iron, copper, iodine, zinc, etc…  Meat, green vegetables, citrus fruits  Calcium is top macro-mineral  Not enough  health issues  Some minerals used to make hormones

7 Carbohydrates  Breaks down into sugars  energy  Simple carbohydrates: breaks down quicker  Found in pastries, sugars, soft drinks, etc…  Complex carbohydrates: broken down slowly  Found in Bananas, brown rice, vegetables, white bread, white flour, white pasta etc…  complex carb usually more nutritious  main source of energy, ex. Brain-muscles

8 Fats  Source of energy, healthy growth and development  Saturated fats can raise blood cholesterol  Found in High-fat cuts of meat, Whole-fat dairy, Lard etc…  Unsaturated fats good for heart health ex. Monounsaturated fats, polyunsaturated fats  Found in oils, nuts, soymilk etc…  Trans fats raise cholesterol & risk of heart disease.  Found in Candy bars, snack foods, baked pastries  best to eat mainly monounsaturated and polyunsaturated

9 Bibliography     \\  htm htm       431#3 431#3    

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