2 Physical Regions What is a physical region? Area of land that differs from other regions because of its geography
3 Physical RegionsThere are seven physical regions in Canada (each have different geographic features):Appalachian RegionSt. Lawrence LowlandsCanadian ShieldHudson Bay LowlandsInterior PlainsWestern MountainsArctic Islands
4 Canadian Shield Largest physical region Rocky, swampy, with little soilFew people live hereWhy?
18 Economic Regions What is an economic region? Regions based on what kind of economic activities are going on thereHow they make their own money in each region
19 Economic RegionsThese economic regions make up Canada’s provinces and territoriesProvinces: govern themselves a lot like our states doTerritories: large land areas that do not have the same self-governing rights as provinces
20 Economic RegionsFive main economic regions in Canada that each have different economic activities to make a good economy for CanadaMaritimeOntario and QuebecPrairieBritish ColumbiaTerritories
21 Maritime Region Also called the Atlantic region Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and LabradorFishing is main economic activity
26 British Columbia Forestry is major economic activities Cutting down trees, processing lumber, making paperVancouver is biggest city in British ColumbiaAlso Canada’s 3rd largest metropolitan area
27 Territories Nunavut, Yukon Territory, Northwest Territory Very few people live here, so there is little economic activity here
28 Economic Regions Canada imports and exports a lot In the past Canadians believed they should trade with each other before trading with other countriesTo do this, they passed a policy called “protectionism” (trade policy where government taxed imports so Canada would only trade within their own country)Today Canada has “free trade”, or trade without limits or protections (NAFTA) and trades a lot with USA and Mexico
29 Key IdeasMuch of Canada’s wealth comes from its wide range of natural resources (minerals, trees, fossil fuels, fish, wheat, etc.)Canada has free enterprise, however, also has parts of a command economyAt one time, Canada passes a trade policy called “protectionism”Today, Canada follows a system of free trade.
30 Key WordsProtectionism: trade policy where government taxed imports so Canada would only trade within their own countryProvinces: rule themselves much like states in the USATerritories: divisions of Canada that’s don’t have same self-governing systems as provincesStandard of Living: find by dividing GDP by total population