2Regions Atlantic Provinces Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Name the Prov/terr included and describe the relative loc.Natural ResourcesEconomic ActivitiesPopulation Density -- describe the overall densityAtlantic ProvincesBorder the AtlanticSea,fish, soil, oilFishing, forestry, farming, dairy, tourism, oil8% of pop.Great Lakes and St. LawrenceSurround great lakesCanadian Shield, Hudson Bay and St. Lawrence lowlandsMineral deposits, soil, water, forestsMining, farming, forestry, very urban and many ports for shipping60% of pop in main citiesPrairie ProvincesBetween Rockies and shieldPlains, soil, cattle, oil and nat. gasFarming, grain and cattle, tourism17 % of pop.British ColumbiaWestern prov. Borders PacificSalmon, fishing, mineralsFishing, forestry, mining and tourismVancouver - highest pop. 13% of total pop.Northern TerritoriesSmallest pop. To the northMineral. Oil, nat. gasSeal hunting, oil, miningLess than 1 % of pop.
3Fill in the chart/answer the questions Questions: (put answers on back of chart)Use 3 examples from Canada to explain the answer to each question1. How does location affect economic activities?2. How do resources affect economic activities3. What factors affect population density?
4Canada CANADA 10 provinces and 3 territories The 10 provinces are divided into 5 regions
5Atlantic ProvincesNewfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New BrunswickMixed deciduous forestsMaritime -- bordering on or relating to the seaOff shore oilSmallest region(5% of Canada’s land)Resources -- fishing, dairyfarming -- fruits, vegetables
6Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Quebec and OntarioCanadian Shield -- around Hudson BayPoor soil and climateSt. Lawrence lowlands - rich soil, mild climate60% of population thereToronto --largest city in CanadaOttawa - nation’s capitalLarge cities on major seaways -- uses locks and canals to connect lakes
7Prairie Provinces Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan Agricultural region-- wheat, grain and cattleTourism -- parks of Rocky Mts.Oil in Alberta
8British Columbia Coastal area -- rockies Tourism -Inside passage -- waterway between off-shore islands and coastVancouver -- harbor / major port-- salmon, forests and mining
9Northern Territories Yukon, Northwest Territory, and Nunavut Fewer than 1 % of the pop.Large Native American population -- Inuit “the people”Many minerals -- gold, silver and copper, uranium, oil, nat. gas and diamonds
10History of Canada (sect. 2) British and French ancestry dominate Canada40% are British 27% FrenchFur traders fought for control of Canada -- Hudson Bay Co. - company of British fur traders that settled in CanadaCanada remained under British rule until 1867Canada gained complete independence in 1931Still today the French struggle for a voiceQuebec -- French speaking province (Quebecois)Separatism -- making Quebec a separate country
11Canada Today 2nd most: Edmonton and Quebec Chapter 8 -- section 3 In 1999 Canada was ranked #1 in a human development reportFactors used: Economic, technology,Social, Human development, andprovisions of care80% of Canada’s pop. Live in citiesUrban hierarchy -- cities that provide the most services: Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver2nd most: Edmonton and Quebec
12Canada cont. Canada buys 25% of U.S. exports U.S. buys 75% of Canada’s exportsFTA -- Free Trade Agreement (1988) lowered tariffs and eventually eliminated them in 1999NAFTA -- North American Free Trade Agreement1992 Mexico was added to the open tradeNATO -- North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- formed in 1949 to protect N. America from RussiaNORAD -- joins Canada and the U.S. in air defenseCommon Wealth of Nations -- former British colonies join together for symbolic protection from the British crownMiddle country -- peace keeper
13Government of Canada The Government of Canada is based on British Rule David Johnston – current Gov. Gen.