2 Regions Atlantic Provinces Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Name the Prov/terr included and describe the relative loc.Natural ResourcesEconomic ActivitiesPopulation Density -- describe the overall densityAtlantic ProvincesBorder the AtlanticSea,fish, soil, oilFishing, forestry, farming, dairy, tourism, oil8% of pop.Great Lakes and St. LawrenceSurround great lakesCanadian Shield, Hudson Bay and St. Lawrence lowlandsMineral deposits, soil, water, forestsMining, farming, forestry, very urban and many ports for shipping60% of pop in main citiesPrairie ProvincesBetween Rockies and shieldPlains, soil, cattle, oil and nat. gasFarming, grain and cattle, tourism17 % of pop.British ColumbiaWestern prov. Borders PacificSalmon, fishing, mineralsFishing, forestry, mining and tourismVancouver - highest pop. 13% of total pop.Northern TerritoriesSmallest pop. To the northMineral. Oil, nat. gasSeal hunting, oil, miningLess than 1 % of pop.
3 Fill in the chart/answer the questions Questions: (put answers on back of chart)Use 3 examples from Canada to explain the answer to each question1. How does location affect economic activities?2. How do resources affect economic activities3. What factors affect population density?
4 Canada CANADA 10 provinces and 3 territories The 10 provinces are divided into 5 regions
5 Atlantic ProvincesNewfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New BrunswickMixed deciduous forestsMaritime -- bordering on or relating to the seaOff shore oilSmallest region(5% of Canada’s land)Resources -- fishing, dairyfarming -- fruits, vegetables
6 Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Quebec and OntarioCanadian Shield -- around Hudson BayPoor soil and climateSt. Lawrence lowlands - rich soil, mild climate60% of population thereToronto --largest city in CanadaOttawa - nation’s capitalLarge cities on major seaways -- uses locks and canals to connect lakes
7 Prairie Provinces Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan Agricultural region-- wheat, grain and cattleTourism -- parks of Rocky Mts.Oil in Alberta
8 British Columbia Coastal area -- rockies Tourism -Inside passage -- waterway between off-shore islands and coastVancouver -- harbor / major port-- salmon, forests and mining
9 Northern Territories Yukon, Northwest Territory, and Nunavut Fewer than 1 % of the pop.Large Native American population -- Inuit “the people”Many minerals -- gold, silver and copper, uranium, oil, nat. gas and diamonds
10 History of Canada (sect. 2) British and French ancestry dominate Canada40% are British 27% FrenchFur traders fought for control of Canada -- Hudson Bay Co. - company of British fur traders that settled in CanadaCanada remained under British rule until 1867Canada gained complete independence in 1931Still today the French struggle for a voiceQuebec -- French speaking province (Quebecois)Separatism -- making Quebec a separate country
11 Canada Today 2nd most: Edmonton and Quebec Chapter 8 -- section 3 In 1999 Canada was ranked #1 in a human development reportFactors used: Economic, technology,Social, Human development, andprovisions of care80% of Canada’s pop. Live in citiesUrban hierarchy -- cities that provide the most services: Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver2nd most: Edmonton and Quebec
12 Canada cont. Canada buys 25% of U.S. exports U.S. buys 75% of Canada’s exportsFTA -- Free Trade Agreement (1988) lowered tariffs and eventually eliminated them in 1999NAFTA -- North American Free Trade Agreement1992 Mexico was added to the open tradeNATO -- North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- formed in 1949 to protect N. America from RussiaNORAD -- joins Canada and the U.S. in air defenseCommon Wealth of Nations -- former British colonies join together for symbolic protection from the British crownMiddle country -- peace keeper
13 Government of CanadaThe Government of Canada is based on British Rule