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Canada and the 5 Themes of Geography: A Study Guide

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Presentation on theme: "Canada and the 5 Themes of Geography: A Study Guide"— Presentation transcript:

1 Canada and the 5 Themes of Geography: A Study Guide
Our neighbor to the north (for most Americans)…and east (for Detroiters)…and west (for Maine)…and south (for Alaska)…

2 The 5 Themes of Geography
Location where places are Place characteristics of places and the people who live there Human/Environment Interaction relationships between people and their environments Movement movement of material, people, or ideas among places Regions areas sharing several characteristics

3 Location Geographers want to know Where is it?
Absolute Location (the address) Relative Location (where is it in relation to other places?) Why is it located there?

4 Absolute Location and Canada
Does Canada have an ‘address’? Cities and towns in Canada do! Each place in Canada has an address. Geographers identify these addresses using: Latitude Longitude AND

5                              Windsor, Ontario, Canada’s address is: 42° 16' N Latitude 82° 58' W Longitude Using latitude and longitude, we can identify the absolute location of any place on the globe!

6 Relative Location and Canada
Canada is west of ____________. Canada is east of ____________. Canada is south of ____________. Canada is north of ____________. These statements are examples of Canada’s relative location!

7 More examples of relative location
Canada is just a short drive from Detroit. Vancouver, Canada is southeast of Alaska. Canada is northeast of Hawaii. Much of Canada is south of Alaska. Canada is north of most areas of the United States, but not all! Toronto is southwest of Maine. Can you think of another example?

8 PLACE What is it like?

9 EXAMINING PLACE Physical (natural) Characteristics
What are Canada’s major landforms? What are Canada’s major bodies of water? What types of plants and animals can be found in Canada? Describe Canada’s climate. Describe Canada’s soil. Does Canada have any minerals?

10 EXAMINING PLACE Human Characteristics
How large is Canada’s population? What cultural characteristics are found in the people of Canada? How does Canada use its land? What roads could you find in Canada? What buildings could you find in Canada? What are Canada’s major economic activities?

How do people interact with and change their environments?

12 Human Use people depend on the environment and its resources
What resources do Canadians use? Let’s try this… It’s a big country…

13 Using the Resources of Canada
Provinces and Territories Examples of important resources How are these resources used? ATLANTIC (MARITIME) PROVINCES Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador fish Atlantic Ocean minerals land fishing industry farming mining shipping tourism St. Lawrence Seaway Great Lakes (4 of 5) minerals Ontario Quebec manufacturing shipping steel tourism PRAIRIE PROVINCES Alberta Manitoba Saskatchewan fossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas) fertile soil trees cattle farming ranching mining oil production British Columbia trees lakes rivers forest industry lumber processing processing lumber shipping paper manufacturing hydroelectric power THE TERRITORIES Yukon Territory Nunavut Northwest Territories animals fish minerals mining

14 Human Adaptation people change in response to different environments
How have Canadians adapted to their varied environments? It’s a big country… Let’s try this…

15 See if you can complete these sentences…
Most Canadians live within 100 miles of Canada’s southern border because __________________________________. The shelters in northern Canada are different from the ones in southern Canada because _______________________________________________. The reason farming is a major industry in the Prairie Provinces is _____________________________________. The reason few farmers live in the Canadian Shield is _______________________________________________. The St. Lawrence Lowlands region is the home of many major industries because _______________________________________________________________________________________________. Canada’s northern climate is too severe for most Canadians. Canadians build shelters based on the environment and climate. the Prairie Provinces have very fertile soil so farming is profitable. there is very little soil for farming in the Canadian Shield. The St. Lawrence Seaway provides a major shipping route making it profitable for many industries to locate there.

16 Human Impact people change the environment
How have Canadians changed their environment? It’s a big country… Let’s try this…

17 Explain how each of the following has changed Canada’s environment.
The St. Lawrence Seaway The Mining Industry The Timber Industry The Agriculture Industry The seaway added canals and locks to bypass the narrow and shallow parts of the St. Lawrence River. The land has been altered as minerals and fossil fuels have been removed from the ground. Forests have been cleared for timber. Roads have been built to transport the timber for processing. Land has been plowed and vegetation removed to make way for crops. Farming communities have used other lands previously empty.

18 MOVEMENT Movement of Material
Movement of People and Other Living Things Movement of Ideas and Information

19 Transportation by nature Transportation by people
Movement of Materials Transportation by nature Transportation by people

20 MIGRATION movement of PEOPLE and other LIVING THINGS
Movement of Other Living Things

21 DIFFUSION movement of IDEAS and INFORMATION Movement of Information

22 (people and other living things) (ideas and information)
Which type(s) of movement? Can you tell the difference? Be prepared to explain your answers. (Note: There could be more than one correct answer!) EXAMPLE MOVEMENT OF MATERIAL MIGRATION (people and other living things) DIFFUSION (ideas and information) French is spoken by almost all of Montreal’s citizens. British Columbia’s ports link Canada to its Asian trading partners. Canada’s earliest people came from Asia. Separatists want Quebec to become an independent country. The Canadian government is modeled on the British government.

23 REGIONS How can we generalize about areas of the world?
Which places share similar characteristics or processes?

24 Types of Regions Natural or Physical Regions Human Regions
Places (areas) that share a physical characteristic or process (landforms, climate, other physical characteristics) Human Regions Places (areas) that share economic, political, or human characteristics Composite Regions Places (areas) that share several characteristics (culture regions and ecosystems)

25 A place might belong to many different regions at the same time.
IMPORTANT!!!!! A place might belong to many different regions at the same time. Example- Windsor, Ontario Windsor is in the political region of the province of Ontario. Windsor is in the economic region of Quebec/Ontario. Windsor is in the physical region of the St. Lawrence Lowlands.

26 Canada’s Physical Regions
Canadian Shield St. Lawrence Lowlands Appalachian Interior Plains Western Mountains Hudson Bay Lowlands Arctic Islands

27 Canada’s Human Regions: Political
PROVINCES TERRITORIES Nova Scotia Yukon Territory Prince Edward Island Northwest Territories New Brunswick Nunavut Newfoundland and Labrador Ontario Quebec Alberta Manitoba Saskatchewan British Columbia

28 Canada’s Human Regions: Economic
Atlantic (Maritime) Provinces Ontario and Quebec Prairie Provinces British Columbia The Territories

29 The Atlantic (Maritime) Provinces
The region’s provinces have at least one border on the Atlantic Ocean or one of its gulfs and seas. The fishing industry employs approximately 3% of the region’s workers. Most jobs in the region are in manufacturing, farming, mining, shipping, and tourism.

30 Quebec and Ontario Montreal, Quebec and Toronto, Ontario
Region considered the ‘heartland of Canada’ An economic region that contains two separate cultural (Composite) regions Ontario English Canadian Quebec French-Canadian Region holds most of Canada’s population and two largest cities Montreal, Quebec and Toronto, Ontario Region produces most of Canada’s manufactured goods Region produces a range of consumer goods and products from other industries, including iron and steel Region located near major waterways St. Lawrence Seaway provides direct access to the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean Region’s major centers of economic activity Quebec: Montreal Ontario: The Golden Horseshoe (including Toronto)

31 The Prairie Provinces Largest cities in the region:
Edmonton and Calgary in Alberta Winnipeg in Manitoba Fertile soil – great farming Known as Canada’s ‘breadbasket’. Southern portion of the region has many wheat farms and ranches. Northern portion of the region covered by forests. Region supplies most of Canada’s fossil fuels including Coal Oil Natural gas

32 British Columbia Region includes a single province
Largest city is Vancouver Contains Canada’s busiest port Links Canada to trading partners in Asia and the United States Contains evergreen forests and many rivers and lakes Economic activities: Cutting trees Processing lumber Manufacturing paper Fishing Recreation Hydroelectric power

33 The Territories Region covers a huge area of northern Canada (40% of Canada’s total land area!) Very few people No large cities Most people meet their basic needs by Hunting Fishing Little major economic activity other than Mining

34 The 5 Themes of Geography…remember?
Location Place Human/Environment Interaction Movement Regions

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