Presentation on theme: "Canada and the 5 Themes of Geography: A Study Guide"— Presentation transcript:
1Canada and the 5 Themes of Geography: A Study Guide Our neighbor to the north (for most Americans)…and east (for Detroiters)…and west (for Maine)…and south (for Alaska)…
2The 5 Themes of Geography Locationwhere places arePlacecharacteristics of places and the people who live thereHuman/Environment Interactionrelationships between people and their environmentsMovementmovement of material, people, or ideas among placesRegionsareas sharing several characteristics
3Location Geographers want to know Where is it? Absolute Location (the address)Relative Location (where is it in relation to other places?)Why is it located there?
4Absolute Location and Canada Does Canada have an ‘address’?Cities and towns in Canada do!Each place in Canada has an address.Geographers identify these addresses using:LatitudeLongitudeAND
5Windsor, Ontario, Canada’s address is:42° 16' N Latitude82° 58' W LongitudeUsing latitude and longitude, we can identify the absolute location of any place on the globe!
6Relative Location and Canada Canada is west of ____________.Canada is east of ____________.Canada is south of ____________.Canada is north of ____________.These statements are examples of Canada’s relative location!
7More examples of relative location Canada is just a short drive from Detroit.Vancouver, Canada is southeast of Alaska.Canada is northeast of Hawaii.Much of Canada is south of Alaska.Canada is north of most areas of the United States, but not all!Toronto is southwest of Maine.Can you think of another example?
9EXAMINING PLACE Physical (natural) Characteristics What are Canada’s major landforms?What are Canada’s major bodies of water?What types of plants and animals can be found in Canada?Describe Canada’s climate.Describe Canada’s soil.Does Canada have any minerals?
10EXAMINING PLACE Human Characteristics How large is Canada’s population?What cultural characteristics are found in the people of Canada?How does Canada use its land?What roads could you find in Canada?What buildings could you find in Canada?What are Canada’s major economic activities?
11HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION How do people interact with and change their environments?
12Human Use people depend on the environment and its resources What resources do Canadians use?Let’s try this…It’s a big country…
13Using the Resources of Canada Provinces and TerritoriesExamples of important resourcesHow are these resources used?ATLANTIC (MARITIME) PROVINCESNova ScotiaPrince Edward IslandNew BrunswickNewfoundland and LabradorfishAtlantic Oceanmineralslandfishing industryfarmingminingshippingtourismSt. Lawrence SeawayGreat Lakes (4 of 5)mineralsOntarioQuebecmanufacturing shippingsteel tourismPRAIRIE PROVINCESAlbertaManitobaSaskatchewanfossil fuels (coal, oil, and natural gas)fertile soiltreescattlefarmingranchingminingoil productionBritish Columbiatreeslakesriversforest industry lumber processingprocessing lumber shippingpaper manufacturing hydroelectric powerTHE TERRITORIESYukon TerritoryNunavutNorthwest Territoriesanimalsfishmineralsmining
14Human Adaptation people change in response to different environments How have Canadians adapted to their varied environments?It’s a big country…Let’s try this…
15See if you can complete these sentences… Most Canadians live within 100 miles of Canada’s southern border because __________________________________.The shelters in northern Canada are different from the ones in southern Canada because _______________________________________________.The reason farming is a major industry in the Prairie Provinces is _____________________________________.The reason few farmers live in the Canadian Shield is _______________________________________________.The St. Lawrence Lowlands region is the home of many major industries because _______________________________________________________________________________________________.Canada’s northern climate is too severe for most Canadians.Canadians build shelters based on the environment and climate.the Prairie Provinces have very fertile soil so farming is profitable.there is very little soil for farming in the Canadian Shield.The St. Lawrence Seaway provides a major shipping route making it profitable for many industries to locate there.
16Human Impact people change the environment How have Canadians changed their environment?It’s a big country…Let’s try this…
17Explain how each of the following has changed Canada’s environment. The St. Lawrence SeawayThe Mining IndustryThe Timber IndustryThe Agriculture IndustryThe seaway added canals and locks to bypass the narrow and shallow parts of the St. Lawrence River.The land has been altered as minerals and fossil fuels have been removed from the ground.Forests have been cleared for timber. Roads have been built to transport the timber for processing.Land has been plowed and vegetation removed to make way for crops. Farming communities have used other lands previously empty.
18MOVEMENT Movement of Material Movement of People and Other Living ThingsMovement of Ideas and Information
19Transportation by nature Transportation by people Movement of MaterialsTransportation by natureTransportation by people
20MIGRATION movement of PEOPLE and other LIVING THINGS Movement of Other Living Things
21DIFFUSION movement of IDEAS and INFORMATION Movement of Information
22(people and other living things) (ideas and information) Which type(s) of movement? Can you tell the difference? Be prepared to explain your answers. (Note: There could be more than one correct answer!)EXAMPLEMOVEMENT OF MATERIALMIGRATION(people and other living things)DIFFUSION(ideas and information)French is spoken by almost all of Montreal’s citizens.British Columbia’s ports link Canada to its Asian trading partners.Canada’s earliest people came from Asia.Separatists want Quebec to become an independent country.The Canadian government is modeled on the British government.
23REGIONS How can we generalize about areas of the world? Which places share similar characteristics or processes?
24Types of Regions Natural or Physical Regions Human Regions Places (areas) that share a physical characteristic or process (landforms, climate, other physical characteristics)Human RegionsPlaces (areas) that share economic, political, or human characteristicsComposite RegionsPlaces (areas) that share several characteristics (culture regions and ecosystems)
25A place might belong to many different regions at the same time. IMPORTANT!!!!!A place might belong to many different regions at the same time.Example- Windsor, OntarioWindsor is in the political region of the province of Ontario.Windsor is in the economic region of Quebec/Ontario.Windsor is in the physical region of the St. Lawrence Lowlands.
26Canada’s Physical Regions Canadian ShieldSt. Lawrence LowlandsAppalachianInterior PlainsWestern MountainsHudson Bay LowlandsArctic Islands
27Canada’s Human Regions: Political PROVINCESTERRITORIESNova ScotiaYukon TerritoryPrince Edward IslandNorthwest TerritoriesNew BrunswickNunavutNewfoundland and LabradorOntarioQuebecAlbertaManitobaSaskatchewanBritish Columbia
28Canada’s Human Regions: Economic Atlantic (Maritime) ProvincesOntario and QuebecPrairie ProvincesBritish ColumbiaThe Territories
29The Atlantic (Maritime) Provinces The region’s provinces have at least one border on the Atlantic Ocean or one of its gulfs and seas.The fishing industry employs approximately 3% of the region’s workers.Most jobs in the region are in manufacturing, farming, mining, shipping, and tourism.
30Quebec and Ontario Montreal, Quebec and Toronto, Ontario Region considered the ‘heartland of Canada’An economic region that contains two separate cultural (Composite) regionsOntarioEnglish CanadianQuebecFrench-CanadianRegion holds most of Canada’s population and two largest citiesMontreal, Quebec and Toronto, OntarioRegion produces most of Canada’s manufactured goodsRegion produces a range of consumer goods and products from other industries, including iron and steelRegion located near major waterwaysSt. Lawrence Seaway provides direct access to the Great Lakes and the Atlantic OceanRegion’s major centers of economic activityQuebec: MontrealOntario: The Golden Horseshoe (including Toronto)
31The Prairie Provinces Largest cities in the region: Edmonton and Calgary in AlbertaWinnipeg in ManitobaFertile soil – great farmingKnown as Canada’s ‘breadbasket’. Southern portion of the region has many wheat farms and ranches.Northern portion of the region covered by forests.Region supplies most of Canada’s fossil fuels includingCoalOilNatural gas
32British Columbia Region includes a single province Largest city is VancouverContains Canada’s busiest portLinks Canada to trading partners in Asia and the United StatesContains evergreen forests and many rivers and lakesEconomic activities:Cutting treesProcessing lumberManufacturing paperFishingRecreationHydroelectric power
33The TerritoriesRegion covers a huge area of northern Canada (40% of Canada’s total land area!)Very few peopleNo large citiesMost people meet their basic needs byHuntingFishingLittle major economic activity other thanMining
34The 5 Themes of Geography…remember? LocationPlaceHuman/Environment InteractionMovementRegions