3Appalachian Mountains This region covers most of Atlantic Canada – New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, PEI and Newfoundland.
4Appalachian Mountains It is thought they were formed about 375 million years agoThese mountains have been worn down by ice and water over the years. Their typical height is 1000 m.The vegetation is a mix of coniferous and deciduous forest.
5Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Lowlands The Lowlands stretch from southwestern Ontario along the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River to the mouth of the Saguenay River in Quebec.This is Canada’s largest geographical area
6Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Lowlands The city of MontrealThe city of Toronto
7Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Lowlands Farmers grow grapes, peaches, pears and other fruitsFarmland near Toronto
8Canadian ShieldThis region is mostly covered with coniferous forests with a few areas suited for agriculture.Covers Central Canada: Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Labrador, the Northwest Territories, and Nunavut.
9Canadian ShieldThe rocks of the Canadian Shield are about four billion years old.Notice the scratches in the rockThey were caused by glaciers
10Canadian Shield Boulder field in the Northwest Territories More evidence of glaciers
11Canadian Shield A boulder in the Northwest Territories It was deposited here by a retreating glacier
12Hudson Bay LowlandsThe Hudson Bay Lowlands region is a low area within the ShieldThis area has swamp forests.The Lowlands are located in northern Ontario and Manitoba.
15Hudson Bay LowlandsA forested bog outside Gilliam, Manitoba
16Interior PlainsIs located between the Shield and the Western CordilleraIn parts of the Plains, the soil is more than 25 cm deep, which is black earth. This is ideal for growing wheat.
17Interior PlainsThe Plains cover most of Alberta, and large sections of Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and the Northwest Territories.The meandering Red River in Southern Manitoba
18Interior PlainsThe Cypress Hills in Southern Saskatchewan
19Interior Plains The Qu’Appelle Valley in Southern Saskatchewan A rare change from the flat landscape in this region
20Western CordilleraThis region is made up mountain ranges – The Coast Mountains, the Columbia Mountains, and the Rocky Mountains, separated by plateaus.The height of many of these mountains reaches over 3000 m.This region includes British Columbia, Yukon Territory, and part of Alberta.If you looks carefully, you will also see glaciers
21Western CordilleraOne of the large glaciers found in the Yukon
22Western CordilleraA glacier-fed lake in Jasper National Park in Alberta
23Western Cordillera Jasper National Park The valley is U-shaped because it was carved by a glacier, not the river you see here
24Western CordilleraThe Coast Mountains provide a dramatic backdrop in this picture of North Vancouver, BC
25Arctic Lowlands Most of the Arctic Lowlands are located in Nunavut. A short growing season allows for only sparse vegetation of lichens and moss.
26Arctic LowlandsThis is a region of tundra, a treeless plain, with a cold, dry climate and poorly drained soil.
27Innuitian MountainsIn the Far North, the Innuition Mountains have rugged peaks that rise over 2000 m with steep sided valleys.The dramatic cliffs of Ellesmere Island, Nunavut
28Innuitian Mountains This area is too cold for trees to survive. A glacier and its melt water on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut
29Innuitian Mountains Red rocks and barren landscape on Melville Island Melville Island is divided between Nunavut and the Northwest Territories