Presentation on theme: "Roman World Takes Shape Chapter 5 Section 1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Roman World Takes Shape Chapter 5 Section 1 Mr. MarshColumbus North High School
2 Geography of Rome Rome began as a small city-state in central Italy. Geography of Italy made unifying Italy as one nation much easier then GreeceVery fertile growing areasCentral Location in the Mediterranean
3 People of Rome Rome shared the Italian Peninsula with others Greek colonial city-states covered the southern tip of the peninsulaThe Etruscans lived north of Rome and at one point in history controlled most of the Peninsula
4 The Roman Republic (509 B.C. – 27 B.C.) 509 B.C., Romans rejected Etruscan king (monarchy) and established a republic.Power rests with the citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders.In Rome, citizenship with voting rights was granted only to free-born male citizens.
5 The Roman Republic (509 B.C. – 27 B.C.) STRUGGLE FOR POWER: CLASS CONFLICTPatricians- wealthy landowners who held most of the power: inherited power and social statusPlebeians- (Plebs) common farmers, artisans and merchants who made up the majority of the population: can vote, but can’t ruleTribunes- elected representatives who protect plebeians’ political rights.
6 The Roman Republic (509 B.C. – 27 B.C.) A “Balanced” GovernmentRome elects two consuls– one to lead army, one to direct governmentSenate- chosen from patricians (Roman upper class), make foreign and domestic policyPopular assemblies elect tribunes, make laws for plebeians (commoners)Dictators- leaders appointed briefly in times of crisis (appt. by consuls and senate)
7 See Chart: Comparing Republican Governments What similarities do you see in the governments of the Roman Republic and the United States?What do you think is the most significant difference between the Roman Republic and that of the United States today?
8 The Roman Republic (509 B.C. – 27 B.C.) THE TWELVE TABLES451 B.C., officials carve Roman laws on twelve tablets and hung in Forum.Laws confirm right of all free citizens to protection of the lawBecome the basis for later Roman law
9 Religion Roman religion develops out of Greek and Etruscan religions Rome had Jupiter, Juno, Neptune and MarsGreeks had Zeus, Hera, Poseidon and Aries