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The Roman Republic Chapter 6 Unit 1 Notes.

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Presentation on theme: "The Roman Republic Chapter 6 Unit 1 Notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Roman Republic Chapter 6 Unit 1 Notes

2 The Roman Republic Main Idea: Why Now:
Power and Authority - The early Romans established a republic, which grew very powerful. Why Now: Fundamental values and institutions of western civilization began in Rome

3 The Roman Republic Terms: Setting the Stage:
Republic, patrician, plebeian, tribune, consul, senate, dictator, legion, Punic Wars, and Hannibal Setting the Stage: Rome grew from a small city to a major empire that stretched 3500 miles east and west . It will become the most famous and influential.

4 Origins of Rome 753 BC by Romulus and Remus
Sons of the God Mars and a Latin princess They were abandoned on the Tiber River and raised by a wolf They decided to build a city on that spot for its strategic location and fertile soil



7 Origins of Rome Rome’s Geography Built on 7 rolling hills
Mid - location: It is half way down the peninsula And half way point of the Mediterranean Sea

8 Origins of Rome The First Romans 3 groups migrated to Italy Latins
Settlement on the Palatine Hill (1st Romans) Greeks Colonies along southern Italy (center of commerce) Etruscans Settle in northern Italy (Rome adopted their alphabet)

9 The Early Republic 600 BC an Etruscan became King of Rome, this is the beginning of Rome’s growth Forum: heart of Roman political life Last King of Rome, Tarquin the Proud (extremely harsh ruler) He was driven from power in 509 BC Rome declared they would never be ruled by a King again Established a REPUBLIC: (from Latin res public, public affairs) form of government in which power rests with the citizens (free born males) who can vote for leaders


11 The Early Republic Patricians and Plebeians
Patricians were wealthy landowners (held most the power) Inherited power and claimed ancestors gave them the right to rule Plebeians were commoners (farmers, artisans, merchants) who made up the majority of the population Eventually were able to vote but not hold public office In time formed own assembly with elected officials called TRIBUNES: protected the rights of the plebeians

12 The Early Republic The Twelve Tables
Plebeians wanted written laws so the patricians couldn’t interrupt laws to suit them The Twelve Tables: were carved and hung in the Forum, became the foundations of Roman law All free male citizens had the right to be protected under the law

13 The Early Republic SERVES FOR LIFE Command army Directed government
Couldn’t be re-elected for 10 years One couldn’t over rule the other 300 members from upper class Foreign and domestic policy Eventually plebeians will be allowed in SERVES FOR LIFE

14 ROME USA Comparing Republics Executive Legislative Judicial Legal Code
2 Consuls elected by Assembly for 1 year, chief of government and head of Army Executive President, elected by the people for 4 years, chief of government and Army Senate 300 (life) head of foreign policy and financial policies, and advises Consuls Centuriate Assembly soldiers (life) selects consuls and makes laws Tribal Assembly citizens grouped by where they live (life) elects tribunes and make laws Legislative Senate 100 (6 years) make laws and advise president on foreign policy House of Representatives 435 (2 years) make laws, originates revenues bills Praetors, judges, 8 chosen for 1 year by Centuriate Assembly Judicial Supreme Court, 9 justices, appointed for life by president, highest court Twelve Tables were a list of rules that were the basis of Roman legal code Legal Code US Constitution is the basic law of the USA All adult landowner males Citizenship All native born or naturalized adults

15 Rome Spreads Its Power Rome Conquers Italy
4th c. Rome dominated Italy (defeated Etruscans and Greeks) Rome treated all conquered differently: Latins: Full citizens Farther from Rome: all rights but no vote Allies of Rome: just had to supply Roman Army and they would be left alone HELPS BUILD A STRONG AND SUCCESSFUL EMPIRE!!!

16 Rome Spreads Its Power Rome’s Commercial Networks
LOCATION: merchants moved by land and sea Traded wine and olive oil Large and powerful Carthage in Northern Africa, once a Phoenician colony, was rising in power and influence STOOD IN ROMES WAY FOR DOMINANCE OF MEDITERRANEAN SEA

17 Rome Spreads Its Power War with Carthage
Punic Wars: BC Rome v. Carthage 1. Control of Sicily and W. Med. 26 years Carthage defeated 2. Hannibal: Carthaginian general assembled an Army of 50,000 infantry, 9,000 cavalry, and 60 elephants Wanted to surprise Rome Almost won, then Rome regrouped Roman general Scipio decides to force Hannibal home by Rome going to attack Carthage Carthage is defeated 3. Rome goes to Carthage and sets city on fire, sells 50,000 inhabitants into slavery RESULTS: (1) Rome’s dominance in W. Med, (2) empire now stretched from Spain to Anatolia=MORE CHALLENGES


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