2 Objectives Define deviance Define social control and identify the major types of social controlDiscuss the positive and negative consequences of devianceDifferentiate the major functional theories of devianceCompare and contrast cultural transmission theory and labeling theoryDiscuss the conflict theory view of devianceDescribe four approaches to crime control
3 What is Deviance? Behavior that departs from societal or group norms Deviance varies from group to group, but in the US, deviance usually lands you in prison
4 Types of Deviance Positive- over do it in order to fit in with norm AnorexiaNegative- do not try to fit in with normobese
5 So what do we do with deviant people? We encourage people to follow the norms using “social control”Internal- you do something because you know it is the right thing to doExternal- you do something based on the reward or choose not to do something based on the punishment (social sanctions)
6 Should we have a national registry? Information on everyone who lives or visits the USRetinal scanDigital voice recordingDNA sampleFingerprintsSocial security number
7 How would this information be used? Issue one card for driver’s license, voter registration, concealed carry license, and any government benefitsReduce welfare fraud, crime, monitor movement of criminals/missing peopleDo you think this is a good/bad idea? Explain.
8 Murder Among the Cheyenne Read the selection on page 208 and answer the Thinking it Over question
10 Positive Deviance clarifies norms Parents may lose their children if they do not properly care for themUse deviance as a temporary outlet for stressTeens wear clothes, listen to music to rebel from authorityDeviance increases unity within a groupSpies being caught increase our patriotismDeviance promotes needed social changeWomen suffrage and prison conditions
11 Negative Deviance breeds distrust Society cannot run smoothlyDeviance stimulates others to become deviantDeviance is expensiveResources and money
12 Role PlayAct out your situation and the class will decide if this is positive or negative deviance.
14 Strain TheoryDeviance is more likely to occur when a gap exists between cultural goals and the ability to achieve these goals by legitimate means
15 How do people respond to strain? Accept the goal and accept the hard work to achieve goal- CONFORMITYAccept the goal and reject the hard work to achieve it- INNOVATIONReject the goal and accepts the hard work (Acts as if they want to succeed, but lack effort) RITUALISMReject the goal and the work needed (drops out of race for success)- RETREATISMReject the goal and the work needed (new way to achieve goal)- REBELLION
16 Control TheoryCompliance with social norms requires strong bonds between individuals and society
17 What types of social bonds? Attachment- the stronger your attachment to groups, the more likely you are to conformCommitment- greater your commitment to social goals, the more likely you are to conformInvolvement- value others opinions and are more likely to conformBelief- strong belief in society’s values makes people not want to be deviant
18 Cultural Transmission Theories Strain and Control Theories are types of cultural transmission because the goals are being sent from the culture. Each group will have different goals and achievements that are being sought.
19 Is Teen Smoking a Deviant Behavior? Read pg. 213 and answer the Doing Sociology questions.
20 Labeling TheorySociety creates deviants by identifying them as “deviant”Self-fulfilling prophecy (tell yourself you are a certain way, you will believe it)Being deviant can be occasional (primary) or often (secondary)Being called “Deviant” creates a negative stigma for that person
22 The Rich and Powerful Decide People who challenge industrial society are considered deviant because they challenge the economic, social, and political basis of societyIndustrial society needs workers, so those that refuse to work are considered deviantThose who threaten private property are targets for punishmentSociety needs respect, so those who are not respectful are deviantCertain activities fit well with industrial society and are encouraged. Those who do not participate are deviant
23 Which do you believe?Cultural TransmissionConflict
24 Four Approaches to Crime Control Rehabilitation- changing or reforming a criminal through socializationDeterrence- discourage criminal acts by threatening punishmentRetribution- punishment intended to make criminals pay compensation for their actsIncarceration- protecting society from criminals by keeping them in prison