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Blood Vessels Part 3 Slides by Barbara Heard and W. Rose. figures from Marieb & Hoehn 9 th eds. Portions copyright Pearson Education
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.21a Major arteries of the systemic circulation. R. external carotid artery R. internal carotid artery L. external carotid artery L. internal carotid artery R. vertebral R. common carotid – right side of head and neck L. common carotid – left side of head and neck L. vertebral R. axillary R. subclavian – neck and R. upper limb Brachiocephalic – head, neck, and R. upper limb Aortic arch L. subclavian – neck and L. upper limb L. axillary Arteries of L. upper limb Ascending aorta – L. ventricle to sternal angle Thoracic aorta T 5 –T 12 (diaphragm) L. and R. coronary arteries Arteries of R. upper limb L. ventricle of heart Visceral branches Parietal branches Mediastinal – posterior media- stinum Esophageal – esophagus Bronchial – lungs and bronchi Pericardial – pericardium Posterior intercostals – intercostal muscles, spinal cord, vertebrae, pleurae, skin Superior phrenics – posterior and superior diaphragm Diaphragm Abdominal aorta T 12 (diaphragm)–L 4 Visceral branches Parietal branches Gonadal – testes or ovaries Suprarenal – adrenal glands and Renal – kidneys Superior and inferior mesenterics – small intestine – colon Celiac trunk – liver – gallbladder – spleen – stomach – esophagus – duodenum Inferior phrenics – inferior diaphragm Lumbars – posterior abdominal wall Median sacral – sacrum – coccyx R. common iliac – pelvis and R. lower limb L. common iliac – pelvis and L. lower limb Arteries of R. lower limb Arteries of L. lower limb Schematic flowchart
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.21b Major arteries of the systemic circulation. Arteries of the head and trunk Internal carotid artery External carotid artery Common carotid arteries Vertebral artery Subclavian artery Brachiocephalic trunk Aortic arch Ascending aorta Coronary artery Celiac trunk Abdominal aorta Superior mesenteric artery Renal artery Gonadal artery Inferior mesenteric artery Common iliac artery Internal iliac artery Illustration, anterior view Arteries that supply the upper limb Subclavian artery Axillary artery Brachial artery Radial artery Ulnar artery Deep palmar arch Superficial palmar arch Digital arteries Arteries that supply the lower limb External iliac artery Femoral artery Popliteal artery Anterior tibial artery Posterior tibial artery Arcuate artery
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.22a Arteries of the head, neck, and brain. R. and L. anterior cerebral arteries R. posterior cerebral artery Basilar artery Superficial temporal artery R. Middle cerebral artery Anterior communicat- ing artery Cerebral arterial circle R. and L. Posterior communicat- ing arteries Ophthal- mic artery R. and L. vertebral arteries Maxillary artery Occipital artery Facial artery R. and L. internal carotid arteries Lingual artery Superior thyroid artery R. and L. external carotid arteries R. and L. common carotid arteries R. and L. subclavian arteries Brachiocephalic trunk Aortic arch Schematic flowchart
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.22b Arteries of the head, neck, and brain. Maxillary artery Occipital artery Facial artery Lingual artery Superficial temporal artery Branches of the external carotid artery Superior thyroid artery Larynx Thyroid gland (overlying trachea) Clavicle (cut) Brachiocephalic trunk Internal thoracic artery Ophthalmic artery Basilar artery Vertebral artery Internal carotid artery External carotid artery Common carotid artery Thyrocervical trunk Costocervical trunk Subclavian artery Axillary artery Arteries of the head and neck, right aspect
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Colorized arteriograph of the arterial supply of the brain Figure 19.22c Arteries of the head, neck, and brain.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.22d Arteries of the head, neck, and brain. Cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis) Anterior communicating artery Posterior communicating artery Posterior cerebral artery Cerebellum Basilar artery Vertebral artery Posterior Major arteries serving the brain (inferior view, right side of cerebellum and part of right temporal lobe removed) Frontal lobe Optic chiasma Middle cerebral artery Internal carotid artery Mammillary body Temporal lobe Pons Occipital lobe Anterior cerebral artery
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.23a Arteries of the right upper limb and thorax. R. common carotid artery L. common carotid artery R. vertebral artery L. vertebral artery Thyrocervical trunk L. subclavian artery Suprascapular artery R. subclavian artery. Axillary artery Thoracoacromial artery Thoracoacromial artery (pectoral branch) Anterior and posterior circumflex humeral arteries Aortic arch Brachiocephalic trunk Internal thoracic artery Anterior intercostal arteries Brachial artery Deep artery of arm Lateral thoracic artery Subscapular artery Anastomosis Common interosseus artery Thoracic aorta Posterior intercostal arteries Costocervical trunk Radial artery Ulnar artery Deep palmar arch Metacarpal arteries Superficial palmar arch Digital arteries Schematic flowchart
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.23b Arteries of the right upper limb and thorax. Common carotid arteries Right subclavian artery Left subclavian artery Brachiocephalic trunk Posterior intercostal arteries Anterior intercostal artery Internal thoracic artery Lateral thoracic artery Thoracic aorta Deep palmar arch Superficial palmar arch Digital arteries Ulnar artery Radial artery Common interosseous artery Deep artery of arm Brachial artery Anterior circumflex humeral artery Posterior circumflex humeral artery Subscapular artery Axillary artery Thoracoacromial artery Costocervical trunk Thyrocervical trunk Vertebral artery Suprascapular artery Illustration, anterior view
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.24a Arteries of the abdomen. Diaphragm Abdominal aorta Inferior phrenic arteries Celiac trunk Middle suprarenal arteries Superior mesenteric artery Renal arteries Inferior mesenteric artery Gonadal arteries Lumbar arteries Schematic flowchart. L. gastric artery Common hepatic artery Splenic artery L. gastroepiploic artery Intestinal arteries Middle colic artery R. colic artery Ileocolic artery Sigmoidal arteries L. colic artery Superior rectal artery Median sacral artery Common iliac arteries R. gastric artery Hepatic artery proper Gastro- duodenal artery R. gastroepiploic artery L R
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.24b Arteries of the abdomen. Liver (cut) Inferior vena cava Celiac trunk Common hepatic artery Hepatic artery proper Gastroduodenal artery Right gastric artery Gallbladder Pancreas (major portion lies posterior to stomach) Duodenum Abdominal aorta Diaphragm Esophagus Left gastric artery Stomach Left gastroepiploic artery Spleen Right gastroepiploic artery Superior mesenteric artery The celiac trunk and its major branches. The left half of the liver has been removed. Splenic artery
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.24c Arteries of the abdomen. Hiatus (opening) for inferior vena cava Hiatus (opening) for esophagus Adrenal (suprarenal) gland Celiac trunk Kidney Abdominal aorta Lumbar arteries Ureter Median sacral artery Diaphragm Inferior phrenic artery Middle suprarenal artery Renal artery Superior mesenteric artery Gonadal (testicular or ovarian) artery Inferior mesenteric artery Common iliac artery Major branches of the abdominal aorta.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.24d Arteries of the abdomen. Celiac trunk Superior mesenteric artery Branches of the superior mesenteric artery Middle colic artery Intestinal arteries Right colic artery Ileocolic artery Ascending colon Right common iliac artery Ileum Cecum Appendix Transverse colon Aorta Inferior mesenteric artery Branches of the inferior mesenteric artery Left colic artery Sigmoidal arteries Superior rectal artery Descending colon Sigmoid colon Rectum Distribution of the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries. The transverse colon has been pulled superiorly.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.25a Arteries of the right pelvis and lower limb. Abdominal aorta Superior gluteal artery Internal iliac artery Common iliac artery Obturator artery External iliac artery Femoral artery Adductor hiatus Popliteal artery Posterior tibial artery Fibular (peroneal) artery Lateral plantar artery Medial plantar artery Plantar arch Plantar metatarsal arteries Dorsal metatarsal arteries Arcuate artery Lateral plantar artery Dorsalis pedis artery Anterior tibial artery Arterial anastomosis Lateral circumflex femoral artery Medial circumflex femoral artery Internal pudendal Inferior gluteal artery Deep artery of thigh Schematic flowchart
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.25b Arteries of the right pelvis and lower limb. Common iliac artery Internal iliac artery Superior gluteal artery External iliac artery Deep artery of thigh Lateral circumflex femoral artery Medial circumflex femoral artery Obturator artery Femoral artery Adductor hiatus Popliteal artery Anterior tibial artery Posterior tibial artery Fibular artery Dorsalis pedis artery Arcuate artery Dorsal metatarsal arteries Anterior view
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.25c Arteries of the right pelvis and lower limb. Popliteal artery Anterior tibial artery Fibular artery Dorsalis pedis artery (from top of foot) Plantar arch Posterior tibial artery Lateral plantar artery Medial plantar artery Posterior view
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.26a Major veins of the systemic circulation. Veins of R. upper limb R. external jugular – superficial head and neck R. vertebral – cervical spinal cord and vertebrae Intracranial dural venous sinuses R. axillary R. subclavian – R. head, neck, and upper limb R. internal jugular – dural venous sinuses of the brain R. brachiocephalic – R. side of head and R. upper limb Same as R. brachiocephalic L. brachiocephalic – L. side of head and L. upper limb Superior vena cava – runs from union of brachiocephalic veins behind manubrium to R. atrium Azygos system – drains much of thorax R. atrium of heart Diaphragm Inferior vena cava – runs from junction of common iliac veins at L 5 to R. atrium of heart L., R., and middle hepatic veins – liver L. and R. renal veins – kidneys Lumbar veins (several pairs) – posterior abdominal wall L. common iliac – pelvis and L. lower limb Veins of L. lower limb Veins of R. lower limb R. common iliac – pelvis and R. lower limb R. gonadal (L. gonadal drains into L. renal vein) – testis or ovary R. suprarenal (L. suprarenal drains into L. renal vein) – adrenal glands Schematic flowchart.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.26b Major veins of the systemic circulation. Veins of the head and trunk Dural venous sinuses External jugular vein Vertebral vein Internal jugular vein Right and left brachiocephalic veins Superior vena cava Great cardiac vein Hepatic veins Splenic vein Hepatic portal vein Renal vein Superior mesenteric vein Inferior mesenteric vein Inferior vena cava Common iliac vein Internal iliac vein Veins that drain the upper limb Subclavian vein Axillary vein Cephalic vein Brachial vein Basilic vein Median cubital vein Ulnar vein Radial vein Digital veins Veins that drain the lower limb External iliac vein Femoral vein Great saphenous vein Popliteal vein Posterior tibial vein Anterior tibial vein Small saphenous vein Dorsal venous arch Dorsal metatarsal veins Illustration, anterior view. The vessels of the pulmonary circulation are not shown.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.27a Venous drainage of the head, neck, and brain. Superior sagittal sinus Inferior sagit- tal sinus Superficial temporal vein Occipital vein Straight sinus Transverse sinus Ophthalmic vein Cavernous sinus Facial vein Posterior auricular vein Sigmoid sinus External jugular vein Vertebral vein Subclavian vein Internal jugular vein Superior thyroid vein Middle thyroid vein Brachiocephalic veins Superior vena cava Schematic flowchart
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.27b Venous drainage of the head, neck, and brain. Ophthalmic vein Superficial temporal vein Facial vein Occipital vein Posterior auricular vein External jugular vein Vertebral vein Internal jugular vein Superior and middle thyroid veins Brachiocephalic vein Subclavian vein Superior vena cava Veins of the head and neck, right superficial aspect
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.27c Venous drainage of the head, neck, and brain. Superior sagittal sinus Falx cerebri Inferior sagittal sinus Straight sinus Cavernous sinus Transverse sinuses Sigmoid sinus Jugular foramen Right internal jugular vein Dural venous sinuses of the brain
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.28a Veins of the thorax and right upper limb. Subclavian vein Internal jugular vein External jugular vein Brachiocephalic veins Axillary vein Superior vena cava Accessory hemiazygos vein Median cubital vein Brachial vein Azygos vein Hemiazygos vein Right and left posterior intercostal veins Cephalic vein Median antebrachial vein Basilic vein Radial vein Ulnar vein Deep venous palmar arch Metacarpal veins Superficial venous palmar arch Digital veins Schematic flowchart
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.28b Veins of the thorax and right upper limb. Brachiocephalic veins Right subclavian vein Axillary vein Brachial vein Cephalic vein Basilic vein Median cubital vein Median antebrachial vein Cephalic vein Radial vein Basilic vein Ulnar vein Deep venous palmar arch Superficial venous palmar arch Digital veins Anterior view Internal jugular vein External jugular vein Left subclavian vein Superior vena cava Azygos vein Accessory hemiazygos vein Hemiazygos vein Posterior intercostals Inferior vena cava Ascending lumbar vein
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.29a Veins of the abdomen. Inferior vena cava Inferior phrenic veins Hepatic veins Hepatic portal vein Superior mesenteric vein Splenic vein Inferior mesenteric vein L. ascending lumbar vein External iliac vein Internal iliac veins Common iliac veins R. ascending lumbar vein Lumbar veins Gonadal veins Renal veins Suprarenal veins Hepatic portal system Cystic vein Schematic flowchart.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.29b Veins of the abdomen. Hepatic veins Inferior vena cava Right suprarenal vein Right gonadal vein External iliac vein Inferior phrenic vein Left suprarenal vein Renal veins Left ascending lumbar vein Lumbar veins Left gonadal vein Common iliac vein Internal iliac vein Tributaries of the inferior vena cava. Venous drainage of abdominal organs not drained by the hepatic portal vein.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.29c Veins of the abdomen. Hepatic veins Liver Hepatic portal vein Small intestine Rectum Gastric veins Spleen Inferior vena cava Splenic vein Right gastroepiploic vein Inferior mesenteric vein Superior mesenteric vein Large intestine The hepatic portal circulation.
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.30a Veins of the right lower limb. Internal iliac vein Femoral vein Small saphenous vein Fibular (peroneal) vein Dorsal venous arch Dorsal metatarsal veins Inferior vena cava Common iliac vein External iliac vein Great saphenous vein Popliteal vein Anterior tibial vein Posterior tibial vein Dorsalis pedis vein Femoral vein Small saphenous vein Fibular (peroneal) vein Plantar veins Deep plantar arch Digital veins Anterior Posterior Schematic flowchart of the anterior and posterior veins
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.30b Veins of the right lower limb. Common iliac vein Internal iliac vein External iliac vein Inguinal ligament Femoral vein Great saphenous vein (superficial) Popliteal vein Small saphenous vein Fibular vein Anterior tibial vein Dorsalis pedis vein Dorsal venous arch Dorsal metatarsal veins Anterior view
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 19.30c Veins of the right lower limb. Great saphenous vein Popliteal vein Anterior tibial vein Fibular vein Small saphenous vein (superficial) Posterior tibial vein Plantar veins Deep plantar arch Digital veins Posterior view
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