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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Cardiovascular System Chapter 6.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Cardiovascular System Chapter 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Cardiovascular System Chapter 6

2 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Cardiovascular System Overview A “closed” system consisting of the heart and blood vessels. –Arteries – carry blood away from the heart –Veins carry blood towards the heart Systemic circuit – delivers oxygenated blood to the body tissues and back Pulmonary circuit – delivers deoxygenated blood to the lungs and back

3 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.1 – External Heart Anatomy Anterior View Left atrium –Pulmonary veins Right atrium –Superior/inferior vena cavae Left ventricle –Aorta Right ventricle –Pulmonary trunk

4 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.1 – External Heart Anatomy Posterior View

5 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.2 – Internal Heart Anatomy Atrioventricular valves –Tricuspid –Bicuspid (mitral) Papillary muscles Chordae tendineae Semilunar valves –Pulmonary –Aortic

6 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.2 – Internal Heart Anatomy Compare the Features

7 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.3 – Circulation of Blood Through the Heart RA  tricuspid valve  RV  pulmonary valve  pulmonary trunk/arteries  lungs  pulmonary veins  LA  mitral valve  LV  aortic valve  aorta  body systems  SVC/IVC  RA

8 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.4 – Coronary Blood Vessels Arteries (Ant) Right coronary artery –Marginal artery –Posterior interventricular artery Left coronary artery –Anterior interventricular artery (left anterior descending-LAD) –Circumflex artery

9 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.4 – Coronary Blood Vessels Arteries (Post)

10 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.4 – Coronary Blood Vessels Veins (Ant) Small cardiac vein –Marginal artery Great cardiac vein –LAD and circumflex arteries Middle cardiac vein –Posterior interventricular artery Coronary sinus

11 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.4 – Coronary Blood Vessels Veins (Post)

12 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.5 – Vessels of the Head and Neck Arteries Aortic arch –Brachiocephalic trunk Right common carotid artery Right subclavian artery –Left common carotid artery –Left subclavian artery

13 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.5 – Vessels of the Head and Neck Arteries Common carotid artery –Internal carotid artery –External carotid artery Facial artery Superficial temporal artery Occipital artery Vertebral artery

14 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.5 – Vessels of the Head and Neck Veins Occipital vein Superficial temporal vein Facial vein Vertebral vein External jugular vein Internal jugular vein Subclavian vein

15 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.5 – Vessels of the Head and Neck Cerebral Arterial Circle (of Willis) Vertebral artery Basilar artery Posterior cerebral artery Posterior communicating artery Internal carotid artery Middle cerebral artery Anterior cerebral artery Anterior communicating artery

16 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.5 – Vessels of the Head and Neck Dural Sinuses Superior sagittal sinus Inferior sagittal sinus Straight sinus Sigmoid sinus Cavernous sinus

17 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.6 – Vessels of the Upper Extremity Arteries Subclavian artery Axillary artery Brachial artery Radial artery Ulnar artery Superficial/deep palmar arches

18 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.6 – Vessels of the Upper Extremity Veins Superficial/deep palmar arches Ulnar vein Radial vein Brachial vein Axillary vein Subclavian vein Brachiocephalic vein

19 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.6 – Vessels of the Upper Extremity Superficial Veins Cephalic vein Basilic vein Median cubital vein

20 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.7 – Branches of the Descending Aorta Superior Mesenteric Artery

21 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.7 – Branches of the Descending Aorta Thoracic aorta –Intercostal arteries Abdominal aorta –Celiac trunk –Superior mesenteric artery –Renal artery –“Gonadal” artery –Inferior mesenteric artery

22 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.7 – Branches of the Descending Aorta Inferior Mesenteric Artery

23 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.8 – Veins of the Abdomen Renal vein Suprarenal (adrenal) vein “Gonadal” vein Inferior vena cava

24 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.9 – Hepatic Portal Circulation Inferior mesenteric vein Splenic vein Superior mesenteric vein Hepatic portal vein Inferior vena cava

25 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.9 – Hepatic Portal Circulation Compare the Features

26 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.10 – Vessels of the Lower Extremity Arteries of the Thigh Common iliac artery –Internal iliac artery –External iliac artery Femoral artery Deep femoral artery Lateral circumflex femoral artery Medial circumflex femoral artery Popliteal artery

27 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.10 – Vessels of the Lower Extremity Veins of the Thigh Common iliac vein –Internal iliac vein –External iliac vein Femoral vein Great saphenous vein Deep femoral vein Lateral circumflex femoral vein Medial circumflex femoral vein Popliteal vein

28 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.10 – Vessels of the Lower Extremity Arteries of the Anterior Leg Popliteal artery Anterior tibial artery –Dorsalis pedis artery –Dorsal arcuate artery

29 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.10 – Vessels of the Lower Extremity Veins of the Anterior Leg Popliteal vein Anterior tibial vein –Dorsalis pedis vein –Dorsal arcuate vein Great saphenous vein

30 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.10 – Vessels of the Lower Extremity Arteries of the Posterior Leg Popliteal artery Posterior tibial artery –Medial plantar artery –Lateral plantar artery

31 Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Lab Activity 6.10 – Vessels of the Lower Extremity Veins of the Posterior Leg Popliteal vein Posterior tibial vein –Medial plantar vein –Lateral plantar vein Small saphenous vein


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