4 Protein FUNCTION: Build, maintain, and repair body tissues (muscles). TYPES:CompleteIncomplete
5 ProteinComplete- food from animal source that has all 9 essential amino acids.EX: meat, poultry, milk, eggs, tofuIncomplete- lacks one or more of the 9 essential amino acids.EX: plant foods- grains, dry beans, peas, nuts, vegetables.
6 Fats A small amount of fat is vital for good health. Fats Function: Regulate body temperatureCushion vital organsProvide a substance needed for normal growth and healthy skinEnergy / stored energy
7 Fats3 Types:Saturated- solid at room temperature; used sparingly; raises harmful cholesterol levelsTrans- liquid oil is turned into a solid; function like saturated fats; raise cholesterol.Unsaturated- liquid at room temperature; help lower cholesterol level;Omega-3: good for your heart
8 Vitamins FUNCTION: Jump start chemical reactions in your body’s cells. Types:Fat-Soluble: absorbed with the help of fat. Can be stored in your body.A, D, E, KWater-Soluble: dissolve in water and pass out of the body as waste.B, Folate, C, K
9 Minerals FUNCTIONS: TYPES: Essential part of your bones, teeth, and internal organs.Help regulate body functions.TYPES:Calcium- mineral that helps develop strong bones and teeth.Milk, dairy productsIron- helps red blood cells carry oxygenMeat, animal sources, nuts
10 Water FUNCTIONS: Average person needs 8 to 12 glasses each day. Regulates body functionsCarry other nutrients to your cellsHelps carry waste from your bodyAverage person needs 8 to 12 glasses each day.