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Presented By: Jarrett Hurms. Minorities, Race, & Ethnicity.

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Presentation on theme: "Presented By: Jarrett Hurms. Minorities, Race, & Ethnicity."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presented By: Jarrett Hurms

2 Minorities, Race, & Ethnicity

3  What is a minority?  The opposite of majority.  Group of people with physical and cultural traits different from those of the dominant group.  Minority is defined by more than number or size.

4  Minorities have several key features.  Distinct physical and cultural differences which separate them from the majority. Skin color, disabilities, accent, religion, language.  The minority is dominated by the majority. Minority members have fewer opportunities. Lack of education/holds unequal share of goods.

5  Key features of minorities  Minority traits are often believed as the dominant majority to be inferior.  Members of the minority have a common sense of identity, with a stronger group loyalty.  The majority determines who belongs in the minority through ascribed status.

6  Race-people who share certain inherited physical characteristics that are considered important within a society.  What determines race?  Skin color, hair color, hair texture, facial features, head form, and eye color.

7  3 major divisions of race.  Negroid-African  Mongoloid-Asian  Caucasian-White  Some physical characteristics are superior to others because they provide advantages for living in a particular environment.  There is no scientific evidence that connects racial characteristics with innate superiority or inferiority.

8  Ethnicity comes from the Greek word “Ethnos” meaning people or nation.  19 major ethnicities in the world today.  Ethnic minority-group identified by cultural religious or natural characteristics.  Unique characteristics related to culture or nationality.  Defined by its own language, religion, values, beliefs, norms, and customs.

9  Why are ethnic minorities seen as inferior?  Ethnocentrism-judging others in terms of one’s own culture.  View that everyone else’s culture is lower than your own.  Creates the “us” vs. “them” complex.

10 Racial and Ethnic Relations

11  Assimilation-the belonging or fusing of minority groups into the dominant society.  When members of the minority are integrated into society through assimilation then they are allowed full participation in society.  Examples:  Anglo-Conformity  Melting Pot  Accommodations

12  Anglo meaning American of English descent.  Traditional American institutions are maintained.  Immigrants are accepted as long as they conform to American society.

13  Melting pot-all ethnic and racial minorities voluntarily blend together.  Tossed salad-traditional values and cultures exist side by side.

14  Cultural pluralism-desire of a group to maintain a sense of identity separate from the dominant group.  Accommodations-extreme form of cultural pluralism.  When a minority maintain their own way of life.  Learns to deal with or accommodate the dominant culture but remains independent in language and culture.

15  Sociologist examine historical records and analyze current events in order to find patterns of conflict.  3 basic patterns:  Genocide  Population transfer  Subjugation  What is the most extreme pattern of conflict?  Genocide

16  Genocide-systematic effort to destroy an entire population.

17  A minority is forced to move or relocate from territory controlled by the majority.

18  Most common pattern of conflict.  Process by which a minority group is denied equal access to the benefits of a society.  De Jure Subjugation-based on laws  De Facto Subjugation:  De Fact-used in case law that means the actual, or real, situation regardless of what the law is.  Denial of equal access based on everyday practice.

19  Prejudice-a negative prejudgment of a group and its individual members.  An attitude is a distinct combination of feelings. Inclinations to acts and beliefs.  3 aspects of attitude.  Affect-feelings  Behavior tendencies-inclinations to act.  Cognition-beliefs

20  Negative evaluations that mark prejudice can stem from emotional associations, from the need to justify behavior, or from negative beliefs called stereotypes.  A problem with stereotypes arises when they are overgeneralized or just plain wrong.  A stereotype can be embedded in a single word or phrase.  Stereotypes can be either positive or negative.

21  Prejudice-negative attitude  Discrimination-negative behavior.

22  A criminal offense committed against a person or property which is motivated in whole or part by the offender’s bias against a race, religion, ethnic/national origin group, or sexual orientation group.

23 Minority Groups in the United States

24  Unfair practices that grow out of common behaviors and attitudes that are part of the structure of society.  Seniority systems-promotion and pay increase with years of service.  Public education can also be discriminatory.

25  What are the barriers to African American assimilation?  Skin color  Early African-American history.  Un-equal income levels for African Americans  Jobless rates of African Americans are two times that of whites.  Hidden employment-unemployment that includes people not counted in the traditional unemployment categories.

26  Greatest unemployment problem exists in African American teenagers.  Underclass-people typically unemployed who come from families that have been poor for generations.

27  Latino is the term that refers to ethnic minorities in Latin America.  One of the fastest growing minorities in the U.S.  Year 2000: more Latinos than African- Americans in the U.S.  60% of Latinos living in the U.S. are from Mexico.  Latinos are a very diverse group that came to America for different reasons.  50% or more complete high school.

28  Largest group are from China, Philippines, Japan, India, Korea, and Vietnam.  Japanese and Chinese are the most successful.  Attracted by the California gold rush in the 1850’s.  Began work as railroad builders.

29  What has been the history of Japanese in the United States?  Treated much like the Chinese in the early years.  1940’s during World War II Japanese were placed in internment camps (110,000 people).  One of the most successful minorities in the U.S.

30  Descendants of immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe (Italian, Polish, Irish, Slavic, and Greek).

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