Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 10 Racial and Ethnic Relations"— Presentation transcript:
1CHAPTER 10 Racial and Ethnic Relations Sociology4/7/2017CHAPTER 10 Racial and Ethnic RelationsSection 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social StructureSection 2: Pattern of Intergroup RelationsSection 3: Minority Groups in the United StatesChapter 10
2Objectives: Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social Structure Summarize how sociologists define the terms race, ethnicity, and minority group.Identify the characteristics that distinguish minority groups from one another.
3Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Group Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social StructureRace, Ethnicity, and Minority GroupRace – a category of people who share inherited physical characteristics and who others see as being a distinct group.Ethnicity – the set of cultural characteristics that distinguishes one group from another.Minority Group – a group of people who, because of their physical characteristics or cultural practices, are singled out and unequally treated.
4Characteristics That Distinguish Minority Groups Section 1: Race, Ethnicity, and the Social StructureCharacteristics That Distinguish Minority GroupsIdentifiable physical or cultural characteristicsVictims of unequal treatmentGroup membership is an ascribed statusMembers share strong bonds and a sense of loyaltyMembers tend to practice endogamy – marriage within the group
5Objectives: Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup Relations Distinguish between discrimination and prejudice.Describe the most common patterns of minority-group treatment.
6Discrimination vs. Prejudice Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup RelationsDiscrimination vs. PrejudicePrejudice – unsupported generalization about a category of people; involves attitudes and can be positiveDiscrimination – denial of equal treatment based on group membership; involves behaviors
7Common Patterns of Minority-Group Treatment Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup RelationsCommon Patterns of Minority-Group TreatmentCultural Pluralism – allows each group within society to keep its unique cultural identityAssimilation – blending of culturally distinct groups into a single group with a common culture and identityLegal Protection – legal efforts to ensure the rights of minority groupsSegregation – practices that physically separate a minority group from the dominant group
8Common Patterns of Minority-Group Treatment Section 2: Pattern of Intergroup RelationsCommon Patterns of Minority-Group Treatment(continued)Subjugation – the maintaining of control over a group through forcePopulation Transfer – transferring a minority population to a new areaExtermination – intentional destruction of the entire targeted population known as genocide
9Objectives: Section 3: Minority Groups in the United States Describe the conditions under which minority groups in the United States live.Explain how government policies have affected the lives of minority groups in the United States.
10Living Conditions of Minorities Section 3: Minority Groups in the United StatesLiving Conditions of MinoritiesAfrican Americans – making gains toward equality, but statistics show members are lagging in education, employment, and income; becoming more politically activeHispanics – rapidly growing population; lagging in income and education; diverse population
11Living Conditions of Minorities Section 3: Minority Groups in the United StatesLiving Conditions of Minorities(continued)Asian Americans – contrast between first-generation immigrants, who are often poor, and second-generation, many of whom succeed educationally and financially; viewed as a “model minority,” although this term is resented
12Living Conditions of Minorities Section 3: Minority Groups in the United StatesLiving Conditions of Minorities(continued)American Indians – often live on reservations; high poverty and poor education; encouraged to assimilate; taking steps to establish sources of income and better schoolsWhite Ethnics – includes some who assimilate quickly and others who remain victims of prejudice and discrimination; making gains in religious tolerance; good education level
13Government Policies Towards Minorities Section 3: Minority Groups in the United StatesGovernment Policies Towards MinoritiesGovernment policies have both helped and hindered minorities.For example: In the past, de jure segregation hurt African Americans. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbade racial discrimination