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The Real World An Introduction to Sociology Fourth Edition Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein : Chapter 8: Race and Ethnicity as Lived Experience.

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Presentation on theme: "The Real World An Introduction to Sociology Fourth Edition Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein : Chapter 8: Race and Ethnicity as Lived Experience."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Real World An Introduction to Sociology Fourth Edition Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein : Chapter 8: Race and Ethnicity as Lived Experience

2 What Is Race? Race is a socially defined category, based on real or perceived biological differences between groups of people. 2

3 What Is Ethnicity? Ethnicity is a socially defined category based on common language, religion, nationality, history, or another cultural factor. 3

4 Defining Race and Ethnicity Sociologists see race and ethnicity as social constructions because Race isn’t based on biology (for instance, we don’t test DNA to determine race). Racial categories change over time. Racial categories never have firm boundaries. 4

5 Race and Ethnicity The distinction between race and ethnicity is important because ethnicity can be displayed or hidden, depending on individual preferences, while racial identities are always on display. 5

6 Showing Ethnicity Symbolic ethnicity is an ethnic identity that is only relevant on specific occasions and does not significantly impact everyday life. Situational ethnicity is an ethnic identity that can be either displayed or concealed, depending on its usefulness in a given situation. 6

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9 What Is a Minority? A minority group is a social group that is systematically denied access to power and resources available to the dominant groups of a society. It is not necessarily fewer in number than the dominant group. 9

10 Racism Racism: a set of beliefs about the superiority of one racial or ethnic group Used to justify inequality Often rooted in the assumption that differences between groups are genetic 10

11 Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice (a thought process): An idea about the characteristics of a group Applied to all members of that group Unlikely to change regardless of the evidence against it Discrimination (an action): Unequal treatment of individuals because of their social group Usually motivated by prejudice 11

12 Types of Discrimination Individual discrimination is discrimination carried out by one person against another. Institutional discrimination is systematic discrimination carried out by social institutions (political, economic, educational, and others) that affects all members of a group who come into contact with it. 12

13 Race in America: Theoretical Approaches Functionalist theorists Focus on the ways that race creates social ties and strengthens group bonds Acknowledge that such ties can lead to violence and social conflict between groups 13

14 Race in America: Theoretical Approaches (cont’d.) Conflict theory Focuses on how the struggle for power and control over scarce resources is broken down by race. Whites have much more power and access to resources than non-whites. 14

15 Symbolic Interactionists Focus on the ways that race, class, and gender intersect to produce an individual’s identity See race as an aspect of identity established through interaction Race in America: Theoretical Approaches (cont’d.) 15

16 Racial passing, or living as if one is a member of a different racial category, has a long history in the United States. Race in America: Theoretical Approaches (cont’d.) 16

17 Race, Ethnicity, and Life Chances Race and ethnicity influence all aspects of our lives, including health, education, work, family, and interactions with the criminal justice system and health care. 17

18 Race Relations: Conflict or Cooperation? Genocide is the deliberate and systematic extermination of a racial, ethnic, national, or cultural group. Population transfer is the forcible removal of a group of people from the territory they have occupied. 18

19 Internal colonialism is the economic and political domination and subjugation of the minority group by the controlling group within a nation. Segregation is the formal and legal separation of groups by race or ethnicity. Race Relations: Conflict or Cooperation? (cont’d.) 19

20 Assimilation: the minority group is absorbed into the mainstream or dominant group, making society more homogeneous. Racial assimilation: racial minority groups are absorbed into the dominant group through intermarriage. Cultural assimilation: racial or ethnic groups are absorbed into the dominant group by adopting the dominant group’s culture. Race Relations: Conflict or Cooperation? (cont’d.) 20

21 Pluralism (or multiculturalism) is a pattern of intergroup relations that encourage racial and ethnic variation within a society. Race Relations: Conflict or Cooperation? (cont’d.) 21

22 Is this class representative of the U.S. population? What is your race? a.white, non-Hispanic b.Hispanic or Latino c.African American d.Asian e.two or more races f.other g.prefer not to answer Chapter 8: Participation Questions 22

23 Do you think that you have ever been discriminated against on the basis of your race? a.yes b.no Chapter 8: Participation Questions 23

24 Have you ever participated in symbolic or situational ethnicity? a.symbolic b.situational c.both d.neither Chapter 8: Participation Questions 24

25 Would you be willing to date a person who is of another race than you? a.yes b.no Chapter 8: Participation Questions 25

26 If you were dating a person of another race, would your family accept your partner? a.yes b.no Chapter 8: Participation Questions 26

27 Class Activity Answer the following questions in groups of 3-5 and be prepared to share: 1. Do you identify with your race and/or ethnicity? Why or why not? 2. Would you ever date someone from another race/ethnicity? Why or why not? Also, would your family be okay with this. Why or why not? 27


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