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The American Revolution

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1 The American Revolution
Does England Rule? Have the colonists had enough? What were the causes of the American Revolution? Find out! SOL USI.6 Mrs. Stephens Social Studies

2 England Rules!! England was expanding control over the American Colonies Many colonists became dissatisfied and rebellious

3 What were England’s reasons for control?
England desired to remain a world power England imposed taxes to raise revenue (money) Stamp Act

4 What is the Stamp Act? Colonists must buy stamps for all printed material When: 1765 Why? To pay for the cost of the French and Indian War

5 Colonists threatened to tar and feather stamp commissioners
The Stamp Act

6 What were England’s reasons for taxation?
To help finance the French and Indian War To help with the maintaining of English troops in the colonies

7 What was the Quartering Act?
British soldiers must be given food and housing in the colonies. When: 1765 Would you want to give food and housing to strangers?

8 Finally the colonies had enough!
They did not want to be taxed without having anything to say about it! They did not have representation in Parliament.

9 Colonists were dissatisfied!
They resented power of colonial governors! They did not like England’s strict control over colonial legislatures!

10 The colonists were dissatisfied!
They did not want to pay taxes! Taxes angered them. They said Parliament could not tax them because they did not have representation!

11 What is the Proclamation of 1763?
A law that said the colonists could not settle the Ohio Valley They fought the F&I war to win the Ohio Valley Colonists found this unfair (some wanted to move west)

12 Why did the King issue the Proclamation of 1763?
He thought it would be too expensive to protect the colonists in the Ohio Valley. 2000 settlers had already died there.

13 New Ideas! New political ideas led to a desire for independence and democratic government in the American colonies

14 John Locke One of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment period
The great thinkers wrote ideas about Government

15 Ideas of John Locke People have natural rights to life, liberty, and property. Government is created to protect the rights of people and has only the limited and specific powers the people consent to give it.

16 The colonists wanted independence!
The Declaration of Independence proclaimed independence from England. It stated that people have natural (inherent) rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. independence

17 The Declaration of Independence
The Colonists wanted independence from England.

18 Declaration of Independence
June 1776 Thomas Jefferson did most of the writing He used some ideas from John Locke The 13 colonies wanted to be “free and independent states”

19 What are the key philosophies in the D.O.I.?
People have “certain unalienable rights” of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness People establish government ot protect those rights

20 What are the key philosophies in the D.O.I.?
Government derives power from the people. People have a right and duty to change a government that violates their rights!

21 Quick Quiz US1.6a-b Ready, Set, Go!

22 What did England want to remain?
A World Power!

23 A tax on printed Material
What is the Stamp Act? A tax on printed Material

24 Why did England tax the colonies with the Stamp Act?
To finance the French and Indian War

25 Why did England pass the Quartering Act?
To help maintain English troops in the colonies.

26 What did the colonists want in Parliament?

27 Who had the idea of Life, Liberty, and Property?
John Locke

28 What is an “unalienable” right?
A right that cannot be taken away!

29 Thomas Jefferson wrote Life, Liberty and_________?
The pursuit of happiness!

30 Where did Thomas Jefferson believe the government derives power from?
The People

31 If the government violates people’s rights, what does Thomas Jefferson believe that people have a right and duty to do? Change the government

32 The Declaration of Independence
What was the name of the document that proclaimed the 13 colonies independent from England? The Declaration of Independence

33 The American Revolution
Mrs. Stephens SOL USI.6c-d

34 Key Individuals of the Revolutionary period
Many individuals played important roles in shaping events of the American Revolution!

35 Key Individuals of the Revolutionary War
What role did key individuals play in the Revolutionary War?

36 King George III (the king who lost America)
He was the British King during the Revolutionary Era.

37 Lord Cornwallis (the other man who lost America)
He was a British General who surrendered at Yorktown.

38 John Adams He championed the cause of independence

39 George Washington He was commander of the Continental Army

40 Thomas Jefferson Major author of the Declaration of Independence

41 Patrick Henry Outspoken member of the House of Burgesses
Inspired colonial patriotism with “Give me liberty or give me Death” speech

42 Benjamin Franklin Member of Continental Congress
Helped frame the Declaration of Independence

43 Thomas Paine Journalist Author of Common Sense
Convinced people they should live free from England.

44 Phyllis Wheatley A former slave
Wrote poems and plays supporting American independence

45 Paul Revere Patriot who made a daring ride to warn colonists of British arrival “The British are coming!”

46 Key Events during the Revolutionary War Period
What were some of the Key Events during the Revolutionary War Period?

47 Boston Massacre Colonists in Boston were shot after taunting British Soldiers

48 Boston Tea Party Samuel Adams and Paul Revere led the patriots
They threw tea into Boston Harbor to protest tea taxes.

49 First Continental Congress
Delegates from all colonies met To discuss problems with England To Promote independence

50 Battle of Lexington and Concord
The site of the first armed conflict of the Revolutionary War

51 Approval of the Declaration of Independence
Colonies declared independence from England July 4, 1776

52 Battle of Saratoga American victory Turning point in the war

53 Surrender at Yorktown The colonial victory over forces of Lord Cornwallis Marked the end of the Revolutionary War

54 Signing of the Treaty of Paris
England recognized American Independence

55 How did the colonists defeat England?
What advantages helped the American colonists with the Revolutionary war?

56 Colonial Advantage 1 Defense of their own land, principles, and beliefs! Home team advantage!

57 Colonial Advantage 2 Help from friends!
Colonists had help from France and Spain They didn’t like England either!

58 Colonial Advantage 3 Strong Leadership

59 Quick Quiz US1.6c-d Ready, Set, Go!

60 Who was the British during the Revolutionary era?
George III

61 Who was commander of the Continental Army?
George Washington

62 Who said “Give me liberty or give me death?”
Patrick Henry

63 Who wrote Common Sense? Thomas Paine

64 Who was the major author of the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson

65 Who was a former slave that wrote plays and poems supporting the American Revolution?
Phyllis Wheatley

66 Who said: “The British are coming!”
Paul Revere

67 What battle was the turning point of the war?
Battle of Saratoga

68 Where did Cornwallis surrender?

69 Who led the Boston Tea Party?
Samuel Adams and Paul Revere

70 The treaty where England recognized American independence?
Treaty of Paris

71 What happened at the Boston Massacre?
Colonists were shot after taunting British soldiers.

72 Where was the first armed conflict of the war?
Battle of Lexington and Concord.

73 What were the 3 colonial advantages during the war?
Defense of land, principles and beliefs France and Spain Strong Leadership

74 When was the Declaration of Independence approved?
July 4, 1776

75 First Continental Congress
At what did delegates from all colonies meet to discuss problems with England and promote independence? First Continental Congress

76 Good Job The End

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