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The First Political Parties

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1 The First Political Parties
EQ: How do governments change? Chapter 9, Lesson 3

2 Vocabulary: Ch. 9, Lesson 3 Partisan Caucus Aliens Sedition Nullify
State’ rights

3 Opposing Parties By 1796 Americans were beginning to separate into opposing groups. Economic polices Foreign relations How much power the federal government should have?

4 Federalists Washington “above” politics, but a federalist
Federalist party emerges John Adams & Alexander Hamilton Characteristics Pro industrial development Pro British Pro strong federal government “Looser” interpretation of Constitution

5 Democratic -Republicans
(D-Rs) Thomas Jefferson & James Madison Characteristics Pro agriculture Pro revolutionary France Pro “common” man Pro States rights Strict interpretation of Constitution

6 Election of 1796 Presidential Election
John Adams vs. Thomas Jefferson Presidential Election John Adams vs. Thomas Jefferson First time two parties held meetings = caucuses Adams wins with 71 electoral votes, Jefferson finished second. Constitution= Adams is President, Thomas Jefferson Vice-President

7 Review Questions: Chapter 9, Lesson 3
Complete Questions #1 and #2 in the packet.

8 Activity: Presidential Buttons
Create an election button for your Federalist candidate (John Adams) OR Democratic candidate (Thomas Jefferson) Use your notes on the characteristics of each political party

9 John Adams Born in Massachusetts Became a lawyer
Cousin to Samuel Adams Popularized argument “no taxation without representation” Birthplace of John Adams Young Adams

10 Adams: Foreign Policy Adams continued neutrality—stay out of war between Britain & France However, now French began attacking American ships trading with Britain Adams sent diplomats to negotiate with French French (in distance) bearing down on damaged American ship

11 Adams: XYZ Affair Americans (at left) facing French bribe and demands, in US newspaper cartoon The French foreign minister refused to see American diplomats Instead the French minister sends three French agents They demand $250,000 bribe to let Americans see French foreign minister Americans went home, instead (very upset!)

12 Effect of XYZ Affair The French agents became known as XYZ
Americans were outraged! Huge public outcry: “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute!” Token handed out during XYZ Affair

13 Adams: Domestic Policy
As a result of the XYZ Affair people become suspicious of foreigners. Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) 1. Alien Act Authorized the president to deport any immigrant considered "dangerous to the peace and safety of the United States.” 2. Sedition Act made it a crime to publish any form of writing against the US government Fight in Congress during debate over Sedition Act, 1798

14 Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Claimed Alien and Sedition Acts violated the constitution. Should not be put into action States could nullify (legally overturn) federal laws that violated the constitution. The resolutions supported state rights Powers of the federal gov. should be limited

15 Activities Complete the following margin questions in your packet Lesson 3, question #4. Primary Source Activities #1, #2, #3

16 Primary Source Activity #1: 1st Amendment
The First Amendment states: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. Write and answer the 3 questions

17 Primary Source Activity #2: Sedition Act
The Sedition Act states: That if any person shall write, print, utter or publish, or shall cause to be written, printed, uttered or published, or shall knowingly and willingly assist or aid in writing, printing, or publishing any false, scandalous and malicious writing or writings against the government of the United states, or either house of the Congress of the United States, or the President of the United States… Write and answer the 3 questions

18 Primary Source Activity #3: Political Cartoon
Congress meeting, 1798 1. What is happening in the cartoon, and how are the politicians reacting? 2. What does the cartoon suggest about politics of the era?


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