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5 Key Elements of a Short Story:

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2 5 Key Elements of a Short Story:
Character Setting Plot Conflict Theme

3 Characters: Major character: Characters most important to the development and resolution of the conflict. The story revolves around these characters. Minor character: Characters have small roles, but help move the plot events forward. Protagonist: The leading character, hero, or heroine of a text. Antagonist: A person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes with another

4 Point of View: The perspective from which a story or narrative is told.
 First Person:  From the head and eyes of the person in the story.  The narrator's voice is the main character's voice (I, we, me, us).   Third Person Limited: Reader knows the thoughts, feelings and emotions of one character in a novel (he, she). Third Person Omniscient: Reader is all knowing.  They know the thoughts, feelings and dialogue of many characters in a novel.

5 How to reveal a character:
Through physical description Through what he/she says or thinks Through what other characters say or think How he/she thinks or says these things By his/her actions and reactions to situations

6 Setting Setting is used to identify and establish the time, place and mood of the events of the story. Ex. It was dark and stormy at midnight on Crescent Avenue. Use Description!!!

7 Plot The events that make up a story.
These events relate to each other in a pattern or a sequence. The structure of a story depends on the organization of events in the plot of the story.

8 6 Plot Points What order do they go in?
Resolution Initial Incident Climax Exposition Falling Action Rising Action

9 6 Main Plot Points 1. Exposition (Introduction) 2. Initial Incident 3. Rising Action 4. Climax 5. Falling Action 6. Resolution


11 Conflict A conflict is a literary element that involves a struggle between two opposing forces. Conflict is usually between the protagonist and the antagonist.

12 Types of Conflict Man vs. Man Man vs. Himself Man vs. Nature
Man vs. Society Man vs. The Supernatural

13 Theme Theme is defined as a main idea or an underlying meaning of a story that may be stated directly or indirectly. Ex. The battle between fate and free will in The Alchemist.

14 Key Definitions Irony: words are used in such a way that their meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. Ex. The massive dog’s name was Tiny. Foreshadowing: The author uses words to hint at what is to come later in the story.

15 Simile: Comparing two things that are not alike by using “like” or “as
Ex. The water was as smooth as glass. Metaphor: Comparing two things that are not alike without using “like” or “as.” Ex. He is a lion in battle. Imagery: Use words to represent setting, objects, and actions in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses. Ex. The fresh and juicy oranges are cold and sweet.

16 Now you try!

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