Presentation on theme: "Elements of a Short Story Mrs. Smith – English 9A."— Presentation transcript:
Elements of a Short Story Mrs. Smith – English 9A
What is a short story? Fiction Shorter than a novella and a novel Usually have… a single setting, only a few main characters, a single plot, and attempt to resolve one conflict.
What is Setting? Setting: time and place of the story Where?When?
What is a Character? Character: A person, or any thing presented as a person, in a literary work (animal, object, spirit, etc.).
Types of Characters: Protagonist: The main character The “hero” of the work Antagonist: A character (or force) that works against the protagonist of a story
Types of Characters: Round: A major, fully-developed character who changes and learns things as the story develops. Flat: A minor character that does not undergo major change or growth throughout the story.
Types of Characterization Characterization: the method the writer uses to reveal the character to the reader. Direct Characterization: This is when the author tells the reader what the character is like. Indirect Characterization: This is when the author shows words, thoughts, and actions of the character and lets the reader determine what the character is like.
What is Plot? The series of events that make up a story. Two main forms of organization: Chronological: in order by time Flashback: when the action shifts between past and present
Exposition Rising Action Climax Falling Action Resolution The Parts of Plot Conflict
Exposition The Parts of Plot Exposition: the beginning of the story that introduces the setting, characters, and basic situation.
Rising Action The Parts of Plot Rising Action: begins with the main conflict and helps build suspense up to the climax
Climax The Parts of Plot Climax: the point of greatest tension in the story. The “ah, ha” moment when we find out how the problem will be solved.
Falling Action The Parts of Plot Falling Action: all of the events after the climax; wraps up the loose ends of the story.
Resolution The Parts of Plot Resolution: how the story ends.
The Parts of Plot Conflict Conflict: the problem that the characters face in the story. Begins with an inciting incident.
Types of Conflict? Internal Conflict: Takes place within a character man vs. self External Conflict: man vs. man man vs. nature man vs. society
Point of View 1 st Person Point-of-View The narrator is a character in the story Uses the words I, me, we, us, my…
Point of View 3 rd Person Limited Told from a narrator outside of the story that is limited to one character’s view of the events. 3 rd Person Omniscient a narrator outside the story who is “all-knowing”
A few last things… Foreshadowing: When the author provides hints about later events in the story Theme: A central message about life that the story is presenting Described in general terms, not in relation to specific events or characters in the story